Site Event/Activity record EEM14939 - 2006-2008: AP - Severn Estuary NMP RCZAS

Technique(s)

Organisation

Gloucestershire County Archaeology Service

Date

2006/2008

Description

This aerial survey to National Mapping Programme (NMP) standards formed part of Phase 1 (i.e. the desk-based assessment) of the Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey (RCZAS) project conducted by Gloucestershire County Council and funded through the Historic Environment Enabling Programme (HEEP) (Project number 3885). Phase 2 of the RCZAS will comprise targeted fieldwork based on the findings of Phase 1. The RCZAS project has enhanced the archaeological record of the coastal zone and contributed to the shoreline planning of the Severn Estuary. There is an increasingly urgent need to understand more clearly the extent and nature of the archaeological resource in order to identify the likely impact of a range of natural and man-made threats. The archaeological resource in the Severn Estuary is under threat from natural processes such as coastal erosion, exacerbated by the high tidal range and strong currents within the estuary. Other threats include ongoing development pressure along the shoreline, marine aggregates extraction within the estuary itself and proposals for new coastal defensive and re-alignment measures. The aerial survey project area comprised 46 incomplete map quarter-sheets and was conducted by two members of Gloucestershire County Council staff working in English Heritage's Aerial Survey office at the Engine House, Swindon. Lidar data was also examined by Somerset Couty Council in selected trail areas to assess the usefulness of the lidar imagery to find additional archaeological features which may be present in a coastal environment. The Severn Estuary RCZAS aerial survey project was conducted to NMP standards and guidelines, with the same archaeological scope as the adjacent Gloucestershire Forest of Dean NMP, for consistency. The aim of the project is to interpret and transcribe, at a scale of 1:2500, all archaeological features visible on aerial photographs dating from Prehistory to the 20th Century, including industrial and military sites. The main air photo sources consulted are held at the NMRC Swindon and the Cambridge University Committee for Aerial Photography (CUCAP). The archaeological mapping, which used computerised plotting (AERIAL 5.29 and Autodesk Map 2004), produced digital files and overlays to the 1:2500 Ordnance Survey map base. Accompanying monument records were input into English Heritage's National Monuments Record database, AMIE. Copies of the finished plots are available in both hard copy and digital form and all data and documentation relating to the project is archived at the National Monuments Record, Swindon. The aerial survey project began in April 2006 and work, including the report, was completed in November 2008. For further details on the project please contact Helen Winton at Aerial Survey, English Heritage, Swindon.

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <1> Verbal communication: Dickson, Amanda D. 2007-2009. RCHME/EH Aerial Photographers Comment (Severn Estuary NMP).
  • <2> Archive: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SO 71 SW. MD000122.
  • <3> Archive: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 84 NW. MD000129.
  • <4> Archive: Crowther, S., Dickson, A. and Truscoe, K.. 2007. Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 84 NE. MD000130.
  • <5> Archive: Dickson, A.. 2007. Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 94 NW. MD000133.
  • <6> Archive: Crowther, S.. 2007. Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 94 NE. MD000134.
  • <7> Archive: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 94 SE. MD000135.
  • <8> Archive: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: ST 04 NW. MD000136.
  • <9> Archive: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: ST 04 SW. MD000137.
  • <10> Digital archive: Catchpole, T.. 2011. Severn Estuary Rapid Costal Zone Assessment Survey: Exmoor Data.
  • <11> Report: Crowther, S., Dickson, A. and Truscoe, K.. 2008. Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey: National Mapping Programme.
  • <12> Report: Mullin, D., Brunning, R. And Chadwick, A.. 2009. Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey: Phase 1 Report.
  • <13> Report: Chadwick, A. M. and Catchpole, T.. 2013. Phase 2: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey.
  • <14> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1441254, Added 19 October 2021.

Map

No mapped location recorded.

Location

Location Severn Estuary, Devon and Somerset
Grid reference
Map sheet
Civil Parish MINEHEAD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish MINEHEAD WITHOUT, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish PORLOCK, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish SELWORTHY, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Related Monuments/Buildings (163)

  • 18th Century pottery kiln in Dunster Park (Building)
  • 19th Century lime kiln at Bossington Beach (Building)
  • 20th Century coastguard station on Hurlestone Point (Monument)
  • Alleged site of undated beacons on North Hill (Monument)
  • Alleged undated square enclosure on North Hill (Non-antiquity)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Bronze Age burial cairn on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • Bronze Age cairn on Porlock Common (Monument)
  • Bury Castle, Selworthy (Monument)
  • Castle Mill, Mill Lane, Dunster (Building)
  • Cold War ROC post on Bratton Ball (Monument)
  • Combeshead deserted farmstead, Minehead Without (Monument)
  • Deserted medieval farmstead on western side of Bramble Combe (Monument)
  • East Myne farmstead, Minehead (Monument)
  • Medieval farmstead at Grexy Combe (Monument)
  • Medieval field system at Selworthy Combe (Monument)
  • Medieval field system on North Hill (Monument)
  • Medieval harbour at Dunster (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir at The Gore [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval coastal fish weir on Gore Point [marine] (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval field system at Western Brockholes (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval field system on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval field system southwest of Henners Combe (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval lynchets or field boundaries west of Toll Gate Cottages (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval ridge and furrow east of Ash Farm (Monument)
  • Medieval or post-medieval ridge and furrow in Porlock Bay (Monument)
  • Medieval shrunken village at Yearnor (Monument)
  • Medieval warren at Conygar Wood (Monument)
  • Modern and possibly prehistoric cairn at Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • Park Barn, southwest of Toll Gate Cottages (Monument)
  • Porlock Golf Club Clubhouse (Building)
  • Possible 20th Century stone mound north of target railway B (Monument)
  • Possible Bronze Age cairn on North Hill (Monument)
  • Possible late prehistoric hut circle at Burgundy Chapel Combe (Monument)
  • Possible medieval or World War Two hollow way on North Hill (Monument)
  • Possible medieval or World War two rectangular enclosure west of Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Possible prehistoric earthworks southwest of Grexy Combe (Monument)
  • Possible site of medieval Mene, north of West Myne (Monument)
  • Possible undated rectangular enclosure south of Grexy Combe (Monument)
  • Possible World War Two ammunition store on Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Possible World War Two bomb crater on North Hill (Monument)
  • Possible World War Two building platform on North Hill (Monument)
  • Possible World War Two observation post on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • Possible World War Two radio communication complex on Stent Hill (Monument)
  • Possible World War Two rectangular platform on North Hill (Monument)
  • Post-medieval breakwater in Porlock Bay [marine] (Monument)
  • Post-medieval duck decoy and fishponds northwest of Porlock (Monument)
  • Post-medieval enclosures on Hurlstone Point (Monument)
  • Post-medieval field bank and quarry at Henners Combe (Monument)
  • Post-medieval field system at Woodcombe (Monument)
  • Post-medieval hard at The Gore (Monument)
  • Post-medieval lime kiln at Bossington Beach (Building)
  • Post-medieval lime kiln at Bossington Beach (Building)
  • Post-medieval lime kiln at Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • Post-medieval or 20th Century mound southwest of West Myne (Monument)
  • Post-medieval or modern excavation spoil heap west of burial cairn (Monument)
  • Post-medieval or modern excavation spoil heap west of burial cairn (Monument)
  • Post-medieval quarry at Bratton Ball (Monument)
  • Post-medieval stone quarrying at Western Brockholes (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow at Birchanger Farm (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow at Culbone Wood (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow at East Myne (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow at Westcott Farm (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow at Yearnor (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow east of Eastcott Farm (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow north of Silcombe Farm (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow southeast of Combeshead Farm (Monument)
  • Post-medieval water meadow system at Ash Farm (Monument)
  • Probable modern clearance mound on North Hill (Monument)
  • Probable post-medieval or modern arboreal folly in Dunster Park (Monument)
  • Royal Ordnance Corps observation post north of Porlock (Building)
  • Second World War pillbox, West Porlock (Building)
  • Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Tank training circuit A on North Hill (Monument)
  • Tank training circuit B on Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Tank training circuit C on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • Target railway A at East Myne (Monument)
  • Target railway B, north of Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • Target railway C on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • Three fish weirs to the east of Porlock Weir Harbour [marine] (Monument)
  • Twitchen Farmstead, Oare (Monument)
  • Undated square enclosure at North Hill (Monument)
  • West Myne Rotor Station, Minehead Without (Monument)
  • West Myne, Minehead (Monument)
  • Woodcombe Higher Reservoir, Minehead Without (Monument)
  • World War Two barbed wire obstruction along Porlock and Bossington Beaches (Monument)
  • World War Two barbed wire obstruction at Porlock Weir (Monument)
  • World War Two bomb craters on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two buildings and quarry near Hill Road (Monument)
  • World War Two earthwork on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two gun emplacement or winch dugout between East Combe and Henners Combe (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post at Porlock Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post at Porlock Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post at Porlock Weir (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post east of Horner Water (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post on Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post on Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post on Porlock/Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post on Porlock/Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two infantry section post on Porlock/Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two linear barbed wire obstruction at Porlock Weir (Monument)
  • World War Two mortar position on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two mound and trench on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two mound associated with tank training activities on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two mound at western end of Target Railway A (Monument)
  • World War Two nissen huts in Yeanor Moor (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post above Henners Combe (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post above Henners Combe (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post east of East Myne Farm (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post northwest of Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on Bossington Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post south of Tank Circuit B (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post west of Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • World War Two observation post west of target railway on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two or modern mound at target railway B (Monument)
  • World War Two pillbox at Porlock Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two pillbox at Porlock Weir (Monument)
  • World War Two pillbox on Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two pillbox on Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two pillbox overlooking Bossington Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two pillbox overlooking Porlock Beach (Building)
  • World War Two quarry and dump site on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two searchlight site at Stent Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two slit trench at Selworthy Beacon (Monument)
  • World War Two slit trench on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two slit trench, Porlock Weir (Monument)
  • World War Two slit trenches on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two structure above Henners Combe (Monument)
  • World War Two structure west of target railway on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two tank range bunker at North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two tank range structure at North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two target area on North Hill (Monument)
  • World War Two tracks west of East Myne (Monument)
  • World War Two type 24 pillbox at Porlock Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two type 24 pillbox east of Porlockford Plantation (Monument)
  • World War Two type 24 pillbox northeast of Gapperies (Monument)
  • World War Two type 24 pillbox northeast of Mariners Lodge (Monument)
  • World War Two type 24 pillbox on Porlock Beach (Monument)
  • World War Two winch dugout at North Hill (Monument)
  • Wreck on Porlock Beach (Maritime)

Record last edited

May 19 2022 1:41PM