MSO8056 - Post-medieval lime kiln at Bossington Beach (Building)


The fragmentary remains of a limekiln at Bossington Beach, the westernmost of a group of four shown on an estate map of 1809. The remains consist principally of part of its southwest wall corner.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

SS 89154 48345. The fragmentary remains of a lime kiln are located on the coast at Bossington Beach, near Porlock. This kiln has been built into the top of the north side of a steep shingle bank that skirts the beach. The remains consist principally of part of its south-west wall corner. The slightly buttressed south wall, of roughly coursed beach pebbles, is 4 metres long, 0.5 metres to 0.7 metres thick and still stands some 1.5 metres high. The west wall, consisting of footings only, is 2 metres long and 0.5 metres thick. A step in these footings, 0.7 metres wide, may be modern to accommodate a footpath. Some 8 metres north east of this corner is a fragment of similar walling. The remainder of the kiln has collapsed down the bank and is no longer evident. These are the remains of the westernmost of four kilns shown on an 1809 Bossington Estate map. They are depicted as unannotated open circles, but appear in the apportionment as 'Lime Kiln' [1]. The kiln is also shown on both the 1842 Luccombe [2] and 1841 Porlock Tithe Maps [3] as an unannotated rectangular building. It is shown on the 1889 Ordnance Survey map, though it is unannotated, so presumably it must have gone out of use by then [4]. Published Survey [5] correct. [6] The kiln is plotted and annotated on an estate map of 1876. It is therefore probable that it passed out of use between 1876 and 1889. [6] A post-medieval lime kiln, visible as a ruined building, was mapped from aerial photographs taken in 1941. Located on the top of the shingle of Bossington Beach at SS 8915 4834, the stone built lime kiln consists of one linear wall section, the southern wall aligned west-southwest to east-northeast parallel with the beach, 4.5 metres long and 0.6 metres thick. Aerial photographs taken in 1941 show that part of the west wall was extant at that time, but has subsequently collapsed. The lime kiln was still visible on aerial photographs taken in 1999. [8-10] The lime kiln was photographed by RCHME in 1996. [11] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [12] The southwestern and southeastern elevations are depicted on the 2022 MasterMap data. [13] The fragmentary remains of one of three kilns to the east of a later kiln on Bossington Beach. It may have been an estate operated flare kiln. [14]

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <1> Survey: Law, A., Bradley, and Summers. 1809. Copy of a survey and valuation of part of the manor of Holnicote, the manors of Bossington Wilmersham, West Luckham, Stock Pero, East Luckham and Blackford also the barton of East Lockham and Eastcotts and Goodwins Lands. Unknown.
  • <2> Map: Collard Cox, W.. 1841. Luccombe Tithe Map and Apportionment.
  • <3> Map: Cox, J. W.C.. 1841. Porlock Tithe Map and Apportionment. 13.3 inches : 1 mile.
  • <4>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 1854-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889, Somerset 34(2). [Mapped feature: #37787 ]
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1972. 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. SS 8948.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 22 November 1994.
  • <7> Report: McDonnell, R.. 1995. Porlock Bay and Marsh: A Rapid Preliminary Assessment of the Cultural and Palaeoenvironmental Resource. P. 21.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 8948/5 (MSO31206/004) (21 June 1941).
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 8948/10 (18299/10) (19 March 1999).
  • <10> Archive: Crowther, S., Dickson, A. and Truscoe, K.. 2007. Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 84 NE. MD000130.
  • <11> Photograph: Hesketh-Roberts, M.. 1996. Job: Lime Kilms And Pill Boxes [sic]. Colour. Negative.
  • <12> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 957639, Extant 8 February 2022.
  • <13> Map: Ordnance Survey. 2022. MasterMap data. 1:2,500.
  • <14> Monograph: Daniel, P. (Ed.). 2019. A guide to the industrial archaeology of Somerset. Association for Industrial Archaeology. 2nd Edition. p 66, W4.1.

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Local Heritage List Status (Require info)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NE50
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record: MNA165235
  • NBR Index Number: 96/01629
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 957639
  • Shoreline Management Plan 2 (0-20)
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 18069



Grid reference Centred SS 8915 4834 (7m by 6m) Estimated from sources
Map sheet SS84NE

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Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Related Articles (1)

Record last edited

Oct 10 2022 12:51PM


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