MSO8051 - Post-medieval enclosures on Hurlstone Point (Monument)

Summary

Three post-medieval enclosures that were formerly believed to be a 16th Century gun encampment.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

A plan of the time of Henry VIII shows a gun battery in about this position, with another on the other side of the bay. It is shown as a tower with cannon projecting from embrasures. It is not known if the plan represents a completed scheme but on the ground there is a slight platform reinforced with boulders which might be unfinished. [1] Plan from the Cotton MS reproduced. [2] APs show two banked enclosures with a short length of curving bank from a possible third enclosure. Also a long and round mound. [3-7] The earthwork remains of a post medieval enclosure are visible on the steep slopes south of Hurlstone Point, centred at SS 8990 4884. This enclosure is marked on the current OS mapping. Remains of a an extensive post medieval field system to the east of this, on the slopes of Bossington Hill, are recorded under MSO8075. The gun platform referred to by the above authorities may have been mistakenly identified with this agricultural enclosure. [8] Post-medieval enclosures, visible as earthwork banks, were mapped from aerial photographs taken in 1941, 1946 and 1974. Located on the west slope of Hurlstone Hill at the bottom of Hurlstone Combe, the site consists of a large, elongated, irregular D-shaped earth bank, centred at SS 8989 4884, about 3.6 - 4.2 metres wide, enclosing an area 88 metres long northeast-southwest and between 11.5 metres and 24 metres wide southeast-northwest. Joined to it on its northwest-facing side, is a subcircular earth bank, centred at SS 8988 4889, enclosing and area about 44 metres by 28 metres. Attached to the east side of this is a earthwork bank, centred at SS 8991 4889, forming three sides of a rectangle and enclosing an area about 26 metres north-south by 15 metres east-west. A 2.6 metres wide linear bank centred at SS 8994 4890 extends 60 metres northeast from the three sided enclosure. These features, along with the smaller and irregularly shaped enclosures along the eastern boundary of Hurlstone lane, along with a field system on Bossington Hill (MSO8075) may suggest the presence of a deserted settlement or farmstead. The fields and boundary banks were still visible on aerial photogrpahs taken in 1979. [9-13]

Sources/Archives (25)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . OAP West Air Photography 1177-5.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . 106G.UK.1655 4014 July 1946.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . OAP West Air Photography 1060-10.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . SCPD.HSL.Uk. 71-177 run 89, 8673 Sept 1971.
  • --- Unpublished document: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 1981. Worksheet in Devon HER. WAT AP survey 8948 SCPD.
  • --- Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. Correspondence re: discovery between SCPD and DJ Stephens.
  • --- Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. Correspondence re: discovery between SCPD and DJ Stephens.
  • --- Aerial photograph: KING, LK. Aerial photograph. SCPD.HSL.Uk. 71-177 run 89, 8673 Sept 1971.
  • --- Aerial photograph: KING, LK. Aerial photograph. 106G.UK.1655 4014 July 1946.
  • --- Aerial photograph: KING, LK. Aerial photograph. OAP West Air Photography 1060-10.
  • --- Aerial photograph: KING, LK. Aerial photograph. OAP West Air Photography 1177-5.
  • --- Aerial photograph: KING, LK. Aerial photograph. WAT AP survey 8948 SCPD.
  • <1> Unpublished document: Stevens, D.J. 11/10/1974. D.J Stevens (11/10/1974) to Somerset County Council.
  • <2> Monograph: Green, E. 1888. The preparations of Somerset against the Spanish Armada 1558-88.
  • <3> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 8948.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: OAP WAP 1177-5.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: OAP WAP 1060-10.
  • <6> Aerial photograph: July 1946. 106G.UK.1655. 4014.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 89. 8673.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. Riley H 1999 RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 8948/2 (MSO31206/001) 21-JUN-1941.
  • <10> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1655 4015 11-JUL-1946.
  • <11> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 8948/1 (AP1060/10) 29-MAY-1974.
  • <12> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/79012 016-017 17-APR-1979.
  • <13> Archive: Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 84 NE. MD000130.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 899 488 (120m by 125m)
Map sheet SS84NE
Civil Parish SELWORTHY, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (3)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO294
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11585
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NE23
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record: MNA141473
  • National Trust HER Record: MNA165218
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 881082
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33991

Record last edited

Aug 17 2020 12:28PM

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