MSO12252 - Prehistoric coaxial landscape, East Pinford (Monument)

Summary

A later prehistoric planned land allotment and settlement has been noted on East Pinford and it surrounds.

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Type and Period (4)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Dispersed and fragmentary remains of small fields, enclosures and circular dwellings indicating a later prehistoric planned land allotment and settlement of the Exmoor area similar to that on Dartmoor. Remains share a common dominant orientation roughly WSW-ENE showing a coaxial layout of the land. Main areas are centred on above NGRs. The sites consist mainly of low stony banks, lyncheted where they lie across the slope. Small upright stones also appear to form elements of the land divisions in places. The features form small areas of fields and settlement, with other outlying isolated banks and hut circles, and large areas of the moor contain no features at all. The areas of fields lie on the more sheltered, gently-sloping land, and are associated with often four or five house or hut circles. The indications are that there are a number of small settlements or farmsteads within an overall system, and that the visible remains represent stone clearance of cultivated plots. The coaxial nature of the landscape would have been continued between settlements by fencing or hedging. Isolated features including small enclosures, single banks and hut circles are present on the edge of the higher ground above the settlements, suggesting a division between lower and higher ground. The implications are that a remarkably complete prehistoric landscape is present here. The relatively small areas of cultivated land compared to the large surrounding areas suggests a livestock based economy, with subsistence crops [1] Pollen profiles indicate a farming presence from the Late Bronze Age right through to Romano-British times. [4] For enclosures and hut circles see MSO10999, MSO11000 and MSO12396. For standing stones see MSO12402, MSO6862, MSO12248 and MSO12244. There are significant areas of field banks associated with this landscape (MSO11001). Cairns are as follows; MSO11002, MSO11023, MSO10903, MSO10904, MSO11021. [5]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. AE Preece, 1994.
  • <2> Article in serial: Preece, A E. forthcoming. [Unknown]. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society.
  • <3> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. AE Preece, 1991.
  • <4> Article in serial: Francis, P.D and Slater. 1992. A record of vegetational and land use change from upland peat deposits on Exmoor. Part 3: Codsend Moor. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural History Society. 136. pp 9-28.
  • <5> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. Matthew Nicholas, Somerset County Council, 26 August 2003.

Map

Location

Grid reference SS 8009 4246 (point)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish CUTCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish EXFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish LUCCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish PORLOCK, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (13)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • Environmentally Sensitive Area
  • Site of Special Scientific Interest
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 35317

Record last edited

Oct 13 2021 1:21PM

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