MSO10904 - Bronze Age burial cairn on East Pinford (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
"Hut circles" printed on 6 inch Ordnance Survey map.  Not "hut circles" but a cairn.  The feature is a low robbed cairn with unsurveyable traces of a ditch. See GPs AO/65/128/1 & 2. (Stereo pair). 1/2500 Survey revised.  SS 7981 4277. Exmoor 30. Ruined cairn 10 paces diameter, 2 feet high with a hollow in the centre. SS 7981 4276. Exmoor 31. Ruined cairn 5 paces diameter, 1.5 feet high, but might be spoil from opening Exmoor 30. Both visited by Grinsell 24 July 1969.  SS 7980 4277. A ruined cairn ten paces diameter two feet high. SS 7980 4276. Another about five paces diameter one and a half feet high.  SS 7981 4276. A mutilated cairn up to 9.0 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high. There are now no obvious traces of a ditch. The minor mound (noted by Grinsell) abuts the cairn and is almost certainly spoil. Surveyed at 1:2500 on PFD. [6,7] Flat topped with two robber holes. 1 metre high. Short tail on south side 0.5 metres high which may be part of a field bank. Close inspection of aerial photographs suggests that this feature may extend for 20 to 30 metres and may be part of MSO11001. The cairn may be associated with a stone setting (MSO6820). [8-10] Magnetometer and resitance surveys were carried out over the cairn in 2005. The latter showed a solid core to the mound supporting its identification as a cairn and also an eroded field bank to the northwest. The magnetic survey located both ferrous anomalies, probably caused by shell splinters from the use of the site as a range in the Second World War, and more diffuse anomalies suggestive of burning within the mound. The 'tail' showed no such anomalies.  A small mound is visible on aerial photographs, but it is not clear whether this mound is the cairn or the spoil mound described. [13,14] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project.  The cairn is depicted and labelled on the 2021 MasterMap data. 
- <1> SEM7223 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1892-1906. County Series, 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1905, SS74SE.
- <2> SEM6796 Article in serial: Chanter, J.F. and Worth, R.H.. 1906. The Rude Stone Monuments of Exmoor and its Borders. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. II, pp 538-552. 543.
- <3> SMO7316 Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Mid 1960s. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F1, 1 July 1965.
- <4> SSO1223 Article in serial: Grinsell, L V. 1969. Somerset Barrows: part 1. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. 33.
- <5> SMO4578 Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. 196.
- <6> SMO1207 Photograph: Fletcher, M.J.. 1975. CAIRN (REMAINS OF) AT EXMOOR. 207/J/9. B/W.
- <7> SMO7308 Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F2, 3 February 1975.
- <8> SSO289 Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 3060-3071.
- <9> SSO1 Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records. PRN 33043.
- <10> SSO856 Article in serial: Burrow, I., Minnitt, S. and Murless, B.. 1982. Somerset Archaeology 1981. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 126. 69-91. 64.
- <11> SEM7060 Report: McDonnell, R.. 1985. Recommendations for the Management of Archaeological Sites in the Exmoor National Park at Warren, Pinford, Tom's Hill and Hayes Allotment. 51 (site 36 and 37).
- <12> SSO1187 Survey: Gillings, M, Pollard, J and Taylor, J. 2005. Topographic and geophysical survey at the stone settings of Tom's Hill and East Pinford, Exmoor.
- <13> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/931 3110-11 (8 November 1952).
- <14> SMO7566 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.
- <15> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 35228, Extant 12 May 2021.
- <16>XY SEM340794 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #34046 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7980 4276 (16m by 15m)|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (5)
- Event - Survey: 2005: GS, TS - East Pinford stone setting (ESO12)
- Event - Survey: 2007-2009: AP - Exmoor National Park NMP (EEM14906)
- Event - Survey: 2013: WS - Warren Farm, Mires Project (EEM14535)
- Event - Intervention: Field observation on SS 74 SE 9 (EMO9660)
- Event - Intervention: Field observation on SS 74 SE 9 (EMO9661)
External Links (0)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO81
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO6822
- Mires Feature Reference (Monument) (Warren Farm): EWF13(24)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE9
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 35228
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33043
Record last edited
Oct 13 2021 1:17PM
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