MSO10904 - Bronze Age burial cairn on East Pinford (Monument)


The remains of a Bronze Age cairn measure 9 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high, with no obvious traces of a ditch. A further mound is probably spoil from an excavation.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

"Hut circles" printed on 6 inch Ordnance Survey map. [1] Not "hut circles" but a cairn. [2] The feature is a low robbed cairn with unsurveyable traces of a ditch. See GPs AO/65/128/1 & 2. (Stereo pair). 1/2500 Survey revised. [3] SS 7981 4277. Exmoor 30. Ruined cairn 10 paces diameter, 2 feet high with a hollow in the centre. SS 7981 4276. Exmoor 31. Ruined cairn 5 paces diameter, 1.5 feet high, but might be spoil from opening Exmoor 30. Both visited by Grinsell 24 July 1969. [4] SS 7980 4277. A ruined cairn ten paces diameter two feet high. SS 7980 4276. Another about five paces diameter one and a half feet high. [5] SS 7981 4276. A mutilated cairn up to 9.0 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high. There are now no obvious traces of a ditch. The minor mound (noted by Grinsell) abuts the cairn and is almost certainly spoil. Surveyed at 1:2500 on PFD. [6,7] Flat topped with two robber holes. 1 metre high. Short tail on south side 0.5 metres high which may be part of a field bank. Close inspection of aerial photographs suggests that this feature may extend for 20 to 30 metres and may be part of MSO11001. The cairn may be associated with a stone setting (MSO6820). [8-10] Magnetometer and resitance surveys were carried out over the cairn in 2005. The latter showed a solid core to the mound supporting its identification as a cairn and also an eroded field bank to the northwest. The magnetic survey located both ferrous anomalies, probably caused by shell splinters from the use of the site as a range in the Second World War, and more diffuse anomalies suggestive of burning within the mound. The 'tail' showed no such anomalies. [12] A small mound is visible on aerial photographs, but it is not clear whether this mound is the cairn or the spoil mound described. [13,14] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [15] The cairn is depicted and labelled on the 2021 MasterMap data. [16]

Sources/Archives (16)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1892-1906. County Series, 2nd Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1905, SS74SE.
  • <2> Article in serial: Chanter, J.F. and Worth, R.H.. 1906. The Rude Stone Monuments of Exmoor and its Borders. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. II, pp 538-552. 543.
  • <3> Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Mid 1960s. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F1, 1 July 1965.
  • <4> Article in serial: Grinsell, L V. 1969. Somerset Barrows: part 1. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. 33.
  • <5> Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. 196.
  • <6> Photograph: Fletcher, M.J.. 1975. CAIRN (REMAINS OF) AT EXMOOR. 207/J/9. B/W.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F2, 3 February 1975.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 3060-3071.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records. PRN 33043.
  • <10> Article in serial: Burrow, I., Minnitt, S. and Murless, B.. 1982. Somerset Archaeology 1981. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 126. 69-91. 64.
  • <11> Report: McDonnell, R.. 1985. Recommendations for the Management of Archaeological Sites in the Exmoor National Park at Warren, Pinford, Tom's Hill and Hayes Allotment. 51 (site 36 and 37).
  • <12> Survey: Gillings, M, Pollard, J and Taylor, J. 2005. Topographic and geophysical survey at the stone settings of Tom's Hill and East Pinford, Exmoor.
  • <13> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/931 3110-11 (8 November 1952).
  • <14> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.
  • <15> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 35228, Extant 12 May 2021.
  • <16>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #34046 ]



Grid reference Centred SS 7980 4276 (16m by 15m)
Map sheet SS74SE

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (5)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO81
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO6822
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument) (Warren Farm): EWF13(24)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE9
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 35228
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33043

Record last edited

Oct 13 2021 1:17PM


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