MMO42 - Lynton and Barnstaple Branch Railway (Monument)

Summary

A dismantled narrow gauge railway running between Lynton and Barnstaple. The 19.5 mile length of track was in operation between 1898 and 1935. The earthworks of the track can be seen on aerial photographs and at ground level in places.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

The Lynton and Barnstaple, the West Country's only genuine narrow gauge (1 foot 11 1/2 inches) passenger-carrying railway, covering a distance of 19 miles was opened on 16 May 1898. In 1922 it was sold to the Southern Railway and the last train ran on 29 September 1935. [1] Lynton and Barnstaple Railway. The only narrow gauge (1ft 11 1/2") passenger railway in Devon, this 19 1/2 mile line operated between 1898 and 1935. The engineers were Sir James Szlumper and F.W. Chanter. [2] The railway area is shown on a 1:2500 record map [3] referred to in the altered apportionment of Tithe Rent charge dated 3rd January 1929. The track has now been dismantled. The extent of the railway is still evident from SS 7000 4734 to SS 9191 4879. From SS 7032 4953 to SS 7045 4775 the trackbed has been destroyed by the modern road and from SS 7185 4868 to SS 9191 4879 it is overlaid by houses and gardens. [4] (See also MDE11177). [5] The trackbed of the dismantled railway is still evident from SS 7000 4734 to SS 9191 4879. From SS 7032 4953 to SS 7045 4775 the trackbed has been destroyed by the modern road and from SS 7185 4868 to SS 9191 4879 it is overlaid by houses and gardens. [6] The trackbed of the Lynton and Barnstaple Branch Railway is visible on as earthworks on a number of aerial photographs from the 1940s onwards. Examples are listed below. In some areas the banks appear to have been incorporated into property and field boundaries, or ploughed out completed. [7-8] Between 1995 and 2003 a small section of the track from Woody Bay Station (SS 6825 4641) to Killington Lane (SS 6724 4570) was restored by the Lynton and Barnstaple Railway Trust. Narrow gauge passenger trains have been running along this section of track since 2003. There are plans to restore further sections of track in the future.[9] The embanked line was crossed by a pipeline in 2000 at ss67634634 but the ground works were not observed (Whitton). [10] However, one man more than any other had a major influence on Lynton. This was George Newnes, the publisher, a pioneer of popular journalism who established the Strand Magazine which first published, in instalments, many of Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes stories. He was also influential in the development of the Lynton to Barnstaple narrow gauge railway. The Bill for construction was passed in 1895 and the line opened on 11th May 1898. The arrival of the railway spurred on a later phase of development in the town, enabling a more eclectic mix of building materials to be transported in. This later development produced a significant legacy of Art Nouveau and Arts & Crafts detail, at present somewhat underplayed. Although the railway closed in the 1930s it is an essential element of local history, and a passenger carriage from the line is preserved in the National Railway Museum. The station was some distance from the town centre. [11]

Sources/Archives (12)

  • <1> Monograph: Thomas, David St John. 1981. A regional history of the railways of Great Britain: Volume 1 The West Country. 1. 1, 1973. 106-7.
  • <2> Monograph: Minchinton, W.. 1976. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Dartington Amenity Research Trust. 3rd Edition. Number 1. 10.
  • <3> Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Map 1:2500 1929 (With Lynton Tithe Map) Devon Rec. Off..
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. Various. Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) . Ordnance Survey 1904 1:2500 Devon Sheets 6:3, 6:4 & 6:7..
  • <5> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. Sainsbury IS, 14-Jul-1994, RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. Sainsbury I.S. 16-Jun-93 RCHME Field Investigation..
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72065 181-84 15 APR 1972.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 3308-11 13-MAY-1946.
  • <9> Website: Toms, K.T.. World Wide Web page. Lynton and Barnstaple Railway Trust. Lynton and Barnstaple Railway. http://www.lynton-rail.co.uk. Co.
  • <10> Unpublished document: Whitton, C. J. M.. 2000. Archaeological recording on the SWW Lynton water supply pipeline.
  • <11> Report: Fisher, J.. 2002. Lynton: Conservation Area Character Appraisal. 6, 11, 12, 24.
  • <12> Serial: Devon Buildings Group. 2013. Devon Buildings Group: Newsletter number 31. 13.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6830 4600 (7269m by 5661m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64NE
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON
Civil Parish MARTINHOE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON
Civil Parish PARRACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (10)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Related Articles (1)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 2032
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 2085
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 22669
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 22670
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 22673
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 676
  • Devon SMR: SS64NE/11/1
  • Devon SMR: SS64NE/11/2
  • Devon SMR: SS64SE/19
  • Devon SMR: SS64SW/16/3
  • Devon SMR: SS74NW/15
  • Devon SMR: SS94NE/11
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE1098
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE11684
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20041
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20112
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20145
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20946
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20947
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20948
  • National Monuments Record reference: Linear 1688
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SW23
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW34
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 34825
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 926070

Record last edited

Oct 14 2020 12:32PM

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