MSO7397 - Joaney How Burial Cairn, Dunkery Hill (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
Joaney How is marked at SS 9082 4278 on the 1962 Ordnance Survey map.  Joaney How (Beacon) is marked at SS 9082 4278 on the Second Edition Ordnance Survey map.  A cairn or beacon is known as "Joaney How" or  "Yonney How" on Luccombe Hill. It is a structure of piled stones much mutilated and having several depressions with ridges between. The surface stones are very loose as if moved in recent times. On the top is a roughly conical pile of stones, wide at the bottom, and about 3 feet in height, again, possibly rebuilt after destruction. The diameter of the exposed stones is about 62 feet.  The cairn is scheduled under Burial Mounds.  This is a disturbed cairn 1.7 metres high. Grinsell lists it as Luccombe No. 4; and although he records a "partly visible" ditch no certain traces can be identified. It was resurveyed at 1:2500.  Luccombe 4, Joaney How, is a mutilated cairn 27 paces in diameter and 5 feet high, surmounted by a modern stone heap. The ditch is partly visible. It was visited by Grinsell at Whitsun 1958. Joaney How and Robin How (MSO6251) were shown as Luckham Barrows on the 1809 Ordnance Survey map, and as Luccombe Barrows on the map by W. C. Cox 1829 and in Savage . The earliest appearance of Robin and Joaney How on the maps appears to be on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889 . Together with Robin How barrow (MSO6251) they may enshrine a tradition of Little John and Robin Hood.  Joaney How, Robin How (MSO6251) and the adjacent cairns are scheduled.  A large cairn, known as Joaney How, lies on the edge of a natural terrace in a false crest position on the northern slope of Dunkery Hill at SS 90813 42789. It comprises a circular stony mound, enclosed by a heather covered ring, 22 metres in diameter and 1.8 metres high. The stony mound is flat topped. The evidence for this being the site of a beacon comes from the First Edition Ordnance Survey map (2), there is no other evidence that this was the case. The cairn was surveyed using differential GPS as part of the RCHME Exmoor Project. [11-13] The round cairn known as Joaney How is part of a round cairn cemetery on Dunkery Hill. It is traditionally thought to be named after Little John. The scheduling has been revised with a new national number (was Somerset 51) to include wider area and additional cairns.  There are exposed stones with many scattered - this cairn is in the worst condition of the group on the hill.  There is no change to its condition. Scheduled as Ancient Monument 51a.  The cairn known as Joaney How has been transcribed as earthworks from aerial photographs as part of the Exmoor National Mapping Programme survey. The cairn appears to be circa 24 metres in diameter and centred on circa SS 90814279. It is one of eight cairns recorded as part of the survey in this area, although more are present but not visible on the aerial photographs available. [21-24] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 3.  The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 3.  The cairn is depicted and labelled on 2020 MasterMap data. [27}
- <1> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
- <2> SEM6703 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. Somerset 34(14).
- <3> SMO5358 Monograph: Page, W. (editor). 1911. The Victoria History of the County of Somerset. Archibald Constable and Company, Limited (London). 2. P.532.
- <4> SMO4109 Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 78 (1932), 124-125.
- <5> SSO410 Index: English Heritage. 1913-. Schedule of Monuments. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1961, 81.
- <6> SEM7674 Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1969. Somerset Barrows, Part 1: West and South. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Nat. 113.
- <7> SMO7319 Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 15 June 1965.
- <8> SSO1909 Monograph: Savage, J.. 1830. A History of the Hundred of Carhampton.
- <9> SMO5467 Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1969. Somerset Barrows. Part I: West and South. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. P.14,15,17-19,25,35.
- <10> SMO4073 Index: Scheduled Monument Notification . Department of the Environment. Ancient Monuments of England 2, 1978, 117.
- <11> SMO7322 Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 6 March 1997.
- <12> SMO5831 Collection: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Exmoor Project.
- <13> SSO1864 Survey: RCHME. Exmoor Survey. NMR site SS 94 SW 3. 1997.
- <14> SMO4073 Index: Scheduled Monument Notification . English Heritage Scheduling amendment, 23 April 2003.
- <15> SSO504 Unassigned: SMR file 33666.
- <16> SSO1247 Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
- <17> SSO708 Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 9042.
- <18> SSO1200 Article in serial: Gray, H.St.G.. 1932. Rude stone monuments of Exmoor (Somerset Portion): Part IV. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 78. 124-5.
- <19> SSO1228 Unassigned: Grinsell, L.V.. 1976. 100.
- <20> SMO4069 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 91, 8686 (September 1971).
- <21> SMO7569 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 94 SW. MD002186.
- <22> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3177-8, 4299 (11 April 1947).
- <23> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/70380 172-3 (23 September 1970).
- <24> SMO4069 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 9142/23 (23827/09) (19 February 2005).
- <25> SEM7402 Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
- <26> SEM8278 Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
- <27>XY SEM8817 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #38288 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 9081 4278 (21m by 22m) (Estimated from sources)|
|Civil Parish||LUCCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Related Articles (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=36963 (Pastscape entry: 36963)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO230
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11311
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SW3
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- National Trust HER Record
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36963
- Scheduled Monument (County Number): 51
- Site of Special Scientific Interest
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33666
Record last edited
Jul 29 2020 1:22PM
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