MMO332 - Medieval or post-medieval quarry and hollow ways south of Wallover Down Gate (Monument)
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Type and Period (3)
- None recorded
Irregular quarried depression with low banks were noted on aerial photographs. [1-3] An area of quarrying and hollow ways or tracks to the south of Wallover Down Gate is centred at SS 68953930. The complex is depicted by . In detail it consists of a stone quarry on the eastern side of the modern road at SS 6896 3926, with a spoil mound adjacent to it on the opposite side of the road. At least two narrow hollow ways, up to 2.5 metres wide and up to 1.2 metres deep, traverse the southern slopes of Goat Combe to give access to the ford at Wallover Down Gate. One of these has been cut through by the quarry, and must therefore predate it.  The quarry and hollow ways recorded above are clearly visible on aerial photographs. The quarry is also depicted and annotated on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889, suggesting it was in use at this point, and possibly through the post-medieval period. The hollow ways are clearly of an earlier date, and may be medieval or post medieval. [5-7] The 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map depicts and labels quarries on both sides of the road, whereas the 2nd Edition map only shows a quarry on the eastern side, at SS 6894 3924. [6,8] The site is recorded as "old quarry" on the 1963 Ordnance Survey 6 inch map.  The site was subject to field survey in 2017. SS 68979 39273. Two hollow ways cross the northwestern side of Wallover Down, running southwest to northeast to Goat Combe for some 300 metres. They are clearly cut by a large quarry and spoil mound and are the remains of routeways from the farms to the west giving access to the main areas of summer grazing in the former Royal Forest (MEM22088). They may date to the early medieval period. SS 68966 39269. A large quarry pit with a spoil mound to the west lies at the northwestern side of Wallover Down. The quarry was still in use at the beginning of the 20th Century, and reached its current extent in the final decade of the 19th Century. [8-10] The western hollow way, on the western side of the road, is outside of the National Park boundary.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SEM7408 Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1977-1978. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography. MAM 14/053 (May 1977).
- <2> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. CPE/UK/1980 4141 (April 1947).
- <3> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS 6839B, SS 6939D.
- <4> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Various. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 23 December 1992.
- <5> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/96507 19-20 (30 March 1996).
- <6> SMO5112 Map: Ordnance Survey. Various. Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) . 1:2500 1889.
- <7>XY SMO7571 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 63 NE. MD002188. [Mapped feature: #35293 ]
- <8> SEM7190 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1903 (published 1904), Devon 10(8).
- <9> SEM7608 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1963. 6 Inch Map: 1963. 1889 (surveyed 1888), Devon 10(8).
- <10> SEM8543 Report: Riley, H.. 2018. Archaeological walkover survey: Wallover Down, South Regis Common, Castle Common and Fullaford Down. Hazel Riley. CWD17029-30, p12.
- <11> SEM8630 Verbal communication: Various. 1993-. Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Team staff comments. Catherine Dove, 25 October 2021.
- <12> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 925338, Extant 1 November 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 6895 3921 (158m by 268m)|
|Civil Parish||CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (9)
- Related to: 19th Century stone quarry on Wallover Down (Monument) (MEM25052)
- Related to: 19th Century stone quarry west of Wallover Down (Monument) (MEM25058)
- Related to: 19th Century stone quarry west of Wallover Down (Monument) (MEM25060)
- Related to: 19th Century stone quarrying on Wallover Down (Monument) (MMO333)
- Related to: Medieval hollow way south of Hunger Gate (Monument) (MEM25054)
- Related to: Medieval hollow way west of Shoulsbarrow Common (Monument) (MEM25053)
- Related to: Medieval hollow ways on Shoulsbarrow Common (Monument) (MEM25051)
- Related to: Medieval hollow ways west of Wallover Down (Monument) (MEM25057)
- Related to: Medieval hollow ways west of Wallover Down (Monument) (MEM25059)
Related Events/Activities (3)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=925338 (Pastscape entry: 925338)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 32562
- Devon SMR: SS63NE/69
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE11655
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE21208
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 63 NE22
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 925338
Record last edited
Nov 1 2021 9:44PM
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