MSO9088 - Dunster Park, a post-medieval deer park (Monument)
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Type and Period (3)
Dunster Park (deer park) [NAT].  In 1755 a new park was created at Dunster, which lay to the south of the medieval park (MSO9086) and on higher ground.  The new park comprised 348 acres with a paling 2130 yards long. Deer were transferred to it from Marshwood park (Somerset HER entry PRN 33450; see External Links) in 1756 or 1757.  Additional bibliography.  Deer park, approximately 100 hectares. Features include a wooded hillside and plantation. Registered Park and garden grade I.  The 1840 Tithe map shows the deer park to be largely open with two main tracks crossing it. It is likely the the deer continued to be managed as such into the 20th Century. It is probable that the deer park ceased to function with the death of Alexander Fownes Luttrell in 1944, if it had not already been abandoned prior to this date. A walkover survey was carried out by Wessex Archaeology to record the remains of the 18th Century park pale, this highlighted eight distinct characters for the wall (see report for details). Where the boundary has survived in good condition it is approximately 2.5 metres wide at the base and 1 metre at the top and is approximately 1.25 metres high.  The deer park is 300 plus acres and roughly heart shaped. It is bounded by a stone faced bank, topped by coppiced beech with may have been planted in 1755. The bank was complimented by paling on three quarters of the bounday, possibly in areas where there was no bank. The park enclosed former farmland, which allowed for the incorporation of mature trees, giving a sense of antiquity to the park. The main approach to the park, the 'Carhampton Gate Drive' gave access to the most significant view points in the park.  An early 20th Century postcard captures a view from the parkland in the early 1900s.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SEM7530 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1974. 1:10,000 scale map: 1974. 1:10000.
- <2> SSO1299 Monograph: Maxwell-Lyte, H.C.. 1909. A History of Dunster and of the Families of Mohun & Luttrell. 2. P. 1 and 2, 342-5.
- <3> SSO1043 Article in serial: Dixon, J.. 1980. Somerset Parish Survey 3: Carhampton. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society.
- <4> SDE60918 Monograph: Whitaker, J.. 1892. A descriptive list of the deer-parks and paddocks of England. Ballantyne Hanson. P. 130.
- <5> SMO5286 Monograph: English Heritage. 1984-. Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. English Heritage. Somerset, revised 26 August 2004, Part 37.
- <6> SDE60917 Article in serial: Unknown. 1842. Unknown. Gardeners' Magazine. 18. P. 489.
- <7> SDE60909 Monograph: Jones, B.. 1974. Follies and Grottoes. Constable.
- <8> SMO5711 Monograph: Pevsner, N.. 1958. The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset. Penguin Books.
- <9> SDE60912 Monograph: Sales, J.. 1981. West Country Gardens. Sutton, A..
- <10> SDE69699 Monograph: Thomas, G. S.. 1979. Gardens of the National Trust.
- <11> SEM7865 Report: Colson Stone. 2011. Dunster Deer Park: Outline landscape and archaeological evaluation.
- <12> SEM7394 Report: Felus, K. + Phibbs, J.. 2004. Dunster Castle, Somerset: A Survey of the Historic Landscape. Volume I: Development and Analysis.
- <13> SEM341125 Photograph: F Frith and Company Limited. 1910-1925. General view looking towards Dunster showing the castle on the left and St George's Church on the right, taken from Dunster Park in the east. Unknown. Postcard.
- <14> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 36936, Extant 18 May 2022.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 9907 4241 (1679m by 1749m)|
|Civil Parish||CARHAMPTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
|Civil Parish||DUNSTER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (13)
- Parent of: Late prehistoric linear earthwork in Dunster Deer Park (Monument) (MSO12262)
- Parent of: Possible post-medieval rectangular enclosure south of Henstey Wood (Monument) (MMO2649)
- Parent of: Post-medieval and 20th Century gravel pits on southern edge of Black Ball (Monument) (MMO2580)
- Parent of: Post-medieval cultivation marks in Dunster Park (Monument) (MMO2648)
- Parent of: Probable post-medieval or modern arboreal folly in Dunster Park (Monument) (MMO227)
- Parent of: Undated rectilinear enclosure south of Dunster Castle (Monument) (MSO12193)
- Part of: Dunster Castle (Building) (MSO9412)
- Related to: Dunster Old Park (Monument) (MSO9086)
- Related to: Medieval and post-medieval coach road in Dunster Park (Monument) (MSO11140)
- Related to: Medieval or post-medieval hollow ways or packhorse ways near Bat's Castle (Monument) (MSO9085)
- Related to: Medieval or post-medieval quarry west of Black Ball Camp (Monument) (MMO2578)
- Related to: Possible medieval or post-medieval gravel pit east of Bat's Castle (Monument) (MMO2581)
- Related to: Prehistoric or medieval field boundary east of the outwork of Bat's Castle (Monument) (MSO9089)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (2)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11134
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO9430
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE35
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- National Trust HER Record
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 36936
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33441
Record last edited
May 23 2022 10:11AM
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