MSO9089 - Prehistoric or medieval field boundary east of the outwork of Bat's Castle (Monument)

Summary

A rectangular soilmark close to the outwork of Bat's Castle, noted on aerial photographs, appears to show the location of a field boundary predating Dunster Park, and possibly the medeval deer park.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

Full Description

A rectangular soilmark is visible on aerial photography at SS 9901 4200. One side is traceable as a small ditch 0.2 metres deep. [1,2] This is probably a medieval or later field. [3] A soil mark, southeast of Bats Castle showing a bank and ditch is visible on aerial photography. It is possibly a large square enclosure. [1,4,5] This joins to the linear earthwork (MSO9083) and may be associated. [6] Nothing can be seen on the ground. [7] The area in question, immediately to the east of the outwork at Bat's Castle, has been recently scarified to encourage heather growth and no such feature is discernible. [9] A rectangular soilmark is clearly visible on aerial photographs, east of the outwork of Bat's Castle. Centred at approximately SS 9901 4200, the soilmark appears to show the location of a field boundary defined by a narrow bank surrounded by a ditch on both sides. The boundary defines two sides of a rectangular enclosure measuring 78 metres long by 55 metres wide. The enclosure presumably predates the creation in the 18th Century of the post-medieval Dunster Park, and possibly predates the medieval deer park, first recorded in 1279. Given the concentration of later prehistoric material and monuments in this area, the possibility of a prehistoric date cannot be ruled out. [10-11] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [12]

Sources/Archives (12)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3016-7, 3190. 11/041947.
  • <2> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. LV Grinsell, City Museum, Bristol.
  • <3> Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Mid 1960s. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F1, 1 September 1965.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. CPE/UK/1980 3190 (April 1947).
  • <5> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS9941C and SS9942.
  • <6> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. E Dennison, 2 July 1984.
  • <7> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. E Dennison, site visit 3 March 1989.
  • <8> Article in serial: Dixon, J.. 1980. Somerset Parish Survey 3: Carhampton. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 15.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1998.
  • <10> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 4217-18 (11 April 1947).
  • <11>XY Archive: Toms, K.. 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 94 SE. MD002187. [Mapped feature: #42369 ]
  • <12> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 36937, Extant 18 May 2022.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9910 4198 (91m by 81m) Estimated from sources
Map sheet SS94SE
Civil Parish CARHAMPTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO226
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11138
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE36
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 36937
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33445

Record last edited

May 18 2022 1:55PM

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