Historic Environment Record images

MSO9327 - Church of All Saints and Graveyard, Dulverton

ENPHER Number:MSO9327
Name:Church of All Saints and Graveyard, Dulverton
Type of Record:Building
Grid Reference:SS 9144 2801
Parish:DULVERTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

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Summary

The Church of All Saints, Dulverton Parish Church, was wholly rebuilt in 1855 with the exception of the tower. The graveyard has been in use since medieval times.

Images

Dulverton church tower from the southwest.  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Dulverton church tower from the southwest. © Exmoor National Park Authority

Dulverton Church from the south  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Dulverton Church from the south © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gravestone commemorating Pte F Parkhouse, Dulverton Churchyard  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gravestone commemorating Pte F Parkhouse, Dulverton Churchyard © Exmoor National Park Authority

CWGC gravestone for Sergeant WC Hayes  © Exmoor National Park Authority

CWGC gravestone for Sergeant WC Hayes © Exmoor National Park Authority

CWGC gravestone commemorating Private Frank Gunney.  © Exmoor National Park Authority

CWGC gravestone commemorating Private Frank Gunney. © Exmoor National Park Authority

All Saints Church, Dulverton  © Exmoor National Park Authority

All Saints Church, Dulverton © Exmoor National Park Authority

All Saints Church, Dulverton  © Exmoor National Park Authority

All Saints Church, Dulverton © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gravestone to Charles Palk Collyns, All Saints Churchyard  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gravestone to Charles Palk Collyns, All Saints Churchyard © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gravestone to Charles Palk Collyns, All Saints Churchyard  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gravestone to Charles Palk Collyns, All Saints Churchyard © Exmoor National Park Authority

Southwest elevation of chancel and nave, All Saints Church.  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Southwest elevation of chancel and nave, All Saints Church. © Exmoor National Park Authority

Grotesque in form of medieval head, All Saints Church, Dulverton  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Grotesque in form of medieval head, All Saints Church, Dulverton © Exmoor National Park Authority

Grotesque in form of medieval King's head, All Saints Church, Dulverton  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Grotesque in form of medieval King's head, All Saints Church, Dulverton © Exmoor National Park Authority

All Saints Church font, Dulverton  © Exmoor National Park Authority

All Saints Church font, Dulverton © Exmoor National Park Authority

Humphrey St Barbe Sydenham memorial, All Saints Church, Dulverton  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Humphrey St Barbe Sydenham memorial, All Saints Church, Dulverton © Exmoor National Park Authority

World War One memorial, All Saints Church  © Exmoor National Park Authority

World War One memorial, All Saints Church © Exmoor National Park Authority

World War One memorial, All Saints Church  © Exmoor National Park Authority

World War One memorial, All Saints Church © Exmoor National Park Authority

World War One memorial, All Saints Church  © Exmoor National Park Authority

World War One memorial, All Saints Church © Exmoor National Park Authority

Robert Henry Collyns memorial plaque, All Saints Church  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Robert Henry Collyns memorial plaque, All Saints Church © Exmoor National Park Authority

Book of Remembrance, All Saints Church  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Book of Remembrance, All Saints Church © Exmoor National Park Authority

Church of All Saints and Churchyard from Lady Street, 2014  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Church of All Saints and Churchyard from Lady Street, 2014 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western tower of Church of All Saints from Lady Street, 2014  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western tower of Church of All Saints from Lady Street, 2014 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Monument Types

  • CHURCHYARD (Medieval to Modern - 1066 AD? to 2050 AD (Unclassified))
  • CHURCH (AD 12th Century to Modern - 1100 AD? to 2050 AD (Unclassified))

Designated Status

  • Listed Building (II*) 1247824: CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS
  • Conservation Area: Dulverton Conservation Area

Description

All Saints' Church is marked on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map. [1]

All Saints' Church, Dulverton, was wholly rebuilt in 1855 with the exception of the tower, which appears to be 13th century work. The previous building was described by an architect, in 1852, as dating from about 1500. Scarcely any attempt was made to save any old work and internally the only ancient features are some carved 15th century bosses on the north aisle roof. [3]

The church is in normal use. [4]

The Church of All Saints is listed Grade B. It was almost entirely rebuilt in 1885 in Perpendicular style, with the exception of the plain tower of moorland character, which is said to be of 12th/13th century origin. The church consists of a nave, a chancel, north and south aisles, the embattled west tower of 2 stages, with diagonal buttresses to the lower stage, and single bell-chamber windows. It owes its grading to the tower. [6]

The graveyard has been in use since medieval times. [9]

The Church of All Saints has a 15th century tower. The rest was rebuilt in 1853-5 by Edward Ashworth. It is listed Grade II*, Listed Building number 429209. [10]

An oak memorial records the names of 7 members of the parish who died in World War Two. An oak board memorial commemorates Robert Collyns who died in 1918 in World War One. A gilded family crest is positioned above the inscription and the badge of the Royal Engineers below. A folded white ensign in an oak case commemorates the (1991) Gulf Conflict. The flag had been flown by H.M.S. Dulverton. A Book of Remembrance in a wooden case records those of the parish who served in World War One. A white marble tablet on a black marble backboard commemorates Humphrey Sydenham who died in 1916 during World War One. The tablet is ornamented with the family crest and a badge of the Devonshire Regiment. A brass plaque with a decorative border commemorates Charles Simpson who died in the South African Wars in 1900. An elaborate oak monument commemorates 32 members of the parish who died in World War One. The monument has a decorated pediment supported by two carved columns and a relief carving of St George slaying the dragon above the inscription. The monument was paid for through public subscription. [11]

An archaeological watching brief was undertaken during renovations at All Saints Church. Several features were recorded, including a stone constructed channel orientated southwest beneath the flagstone floor of the northwestern limit of the nave. Beyond the south-west corner of the area of excavation, the channel turned to the south and headed in the direction of the boiler room. It is probable that the channel was used to circulate warm air around the church.
Excavations beneath the flagstone floor of the northern aisle revealed a set of five stone steps that were observed through a ventilation hole. The set of steps led down to a blocked corridor, the walls of which were painted white. Directly to the south of the central aisle a concave area of brick work was revealed beneath a row of pews. The curved brick work is very likely to be the top of a vault. If so the steps mentioned previously may have formed the entrance to a crypt extending across the central part of the nave. It may be that the vault and steps relate to an earlier phase of the church prior to the 1850s rebuild. [12]

The church was rebuilt in the 1850s by Shewbrooks of Taunton, to designs by Edworth Ashworth, the Exeter diocesan architect. The church was widened but the old columns were reused and the original layout was largely kept. The steep slope of the site has been dug out to accommodate the enlarged church with the area above the church being terraced in 1917 to facilitate burial and prevent land slipping.
During archaeolgical monitoring of groundworks at All Saints' Church, five articulated skeletons and disarticulated human bone were uncovered. A small quantity of coffin furniture was recovered, it was plain and undiagnostic. No name plates were recovered, which suggests that all of the burials were pre 18th century. Two fragments of encaustic tile were retrieved and are probably evidence of early building fabric from the pre 1850 building. [13]

The site of the church, at the end of the market place and on the side of the hill, may indicate either that it occupies an earlier church site or that it was developed with the original village settlement. [14]

One of the bells in Dulverton Church is said to have come from Barlynch. The churchyard was fenced in 1856, and subsequently terraced. [15]

There are a few good examples of ironwork enclosing the churchyard. The oak rood screen in traditional style dates from 1902. The stained glass is all 19th century; the west window is best. There are several 18th and 19th century memorials; the earliest is a brass to Humphrey Sydenham, who dies in 1710. There is a Royal coat of arms painted on wood dating from 1714. [18]

In 1855, the Trustees spent £48 on the church wall, to improve the churchyard and its approaches.
Some of the windows commemorate local people of note, and there are memorials to members of the Sydenham family within the church.
The clock in the tower was installed in 1708, and the eight bells date from between the 16th century to the most recent of 1907. [19]

It has been suggested that because it has a circular churchyard, like Carhampton and other early church sites, Dulverton church may have been in existence in the early Anglo-Saxon period. As a royal manor and hundred, Dulverton would have been well placed to serve as an ecclesiastical centre for southeast Exmoor.
The Augustinian canons of Taunton Priory had acquired Dulverton church and its land by 1155. [20]

The churchyard contains two CWGC war graves, for Pte Frank Gunney (392444, Labour Corps) and Sergeant WC Hayes (32177, Devonshire Regiment). [21]

Another gravestone includes an inscription commemorating Private Frederick Parkhouse (29344, East Yorkshire Regiment), who was killed in action near Ypres and buried at Welsh Cemetery, West-Vlaanderen. [21,22]

The building was visited in February 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6. [23]


<1> Ordnance Survey, 1868-1901, County Series, First Edition 25 Inch Map (Map). SEM6703.


<2> 1914, Kellys Directory (Index). SSO281.


<3> Eeles F.C., 1928, Somerset Churches Near Dulverton, P.7-10 (Monograph). SSO1110.


<4> PITCHER, GHP, Field Investigators Comments, Ordnance Survey visit, 17 August 1965 (Unpublished document). SMO7319.


<5> Green, E., 1883, History of Dulverton, P.67 (Article in serial). SSO1206.


<6> Department of the Environment, List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest , Dulverton Rural District Somerset. September 1955. 6 (Index). SMO5109.


<7> Pevsner, N., 1958, The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset, P.152-153 (Monograph). SMO5711.


<8> Allen, N.V., 1974, Churches and Chapels of Exmoor, P.49-50 (Monograph). SSO727.


<9> Oral Information or Staff Comments, Aston, M. Somerset County Council. 29/11/1976 (Verbal communication). SMO5308.


<10> Department of the Environment, List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest , 36th List, District of West Somerset. 04/08/1986 (Index). SMO5109.


<11> Imperial War Museum, United Kingdom National Inventory of War Memorials, UKNIWM references 24534-40 (Website). SSO693.


<12> Fairclough, P., 2010, Archaeological Monitoring of Groundworks Relating to Building Works Converting Church for Disabled Access at All Saints Church, Dulverton, Photograph and Plan (Report). SEM7390.


<13> Turner, J., 2010, All Saints Church, Dulverton (Report). SEM7583.


<14> Aston, M. + Leech, R., 1977, Historic Towns in Somerset, P.42 (Monograph). SMO5527.


<15> Binding, H. + Bonham-Carter, V., 1986, Old Dulverton and Around: Dulverton - Bury - Brushford - Exebridge, P.6, 28, 55, 64, 65 Photos (Monograph). SEM7521.


<16> Gathercole, C., 2003, English Heritage Extensive Urban Survey: An Archaeological Assessment of Dulverton, P.7, 8 (Article in monograph). SEM7096.


<17> Green, T., Humphreys, C. + Waterhouse, R., Woodliving, Dulverton, Somerset: Results of an Archaeological Building Survey and Desk-Based Study, P.6 (Report). SEM7072.


<18> Fisher, J., c.2003, Dulverton Conservation Area Appraisal, p6, 8, 9, 11, 13, Photo (Unpublished document). SEM6958.


<19> Dulverton and District Civic Society, 2002, The Book of Dulverton, Brushford, Bury and Exebridge, P.9, 17, 19, 71, 109, 115-119, Photographs (Monograph). SEM7523.


<20> Siraut, M., 2009, Exmoor: The Making of an English Upland, P.39, 56, 65, 67, 145 (Monograph). SEM7541.


<21> Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) website, Pages accessed 05/03/2013 (see associated files) (Website). SEM7925.


<22> Oral Information or Staff Comments, See attached photograph (Verbal communication). SMO5308.


<23> Lawrence, G., 2014, Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13 (Report). SEM8060.

Related records

MSO10835Parent of: 20th Century lych gate in All Saints Churchyard, Dulverton (Building)

Related Pages

Other References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 1648/9/60
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10834
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11212
  • Local List Status (No)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 92 NW5
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36534
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 31391
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33544
Date Last Edited:Apr 12 2017 11:42AM

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