MSO8541 - Medieval packhorse bridge near Vicarage Bridge, Winsford (Building)

Summary

A two arched packhorse bridge over the River Exe is probably medieval in origin. It was restored in 1952 following flood damage.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Packhorse bridge at Winsford, 17th Century with two segmental arches and a roadway width of 3 feet 6 inches. [1] The packhorse bridge is at SS 9057 3516. [12-18]. [2] Packhorse bridge close to Vicarage Bridge (MSO8542) at Winsford. It has two semicircular arches with a total span of about 30 feet.The width between the parapets is 3 feet 6 inches. This may be the bridge referred to as having been recently "re-edificed" in the Quarter Sessions of 1628. [3] (SS 9057 3516) Winsford Packhorse Bridge. Scheduled. [4,5] Packhorse Bridge (over river Exe). Listed Grade 2*. Picturesque narrow stone bridge with footway about 3 feet 6 inches wide with cobbles and stone parapets. It was restored following 1952 flood damage. Two semicircular head arches. Ancient Monument. [6] The narrow bridge across the Exe at SS 9057 3516, some 40 metres west of the main bridge (Vicarage Bridge), is as described. Nonetheless, even allowing for some alteration in 1952, it is rather ornamental in appearance being built of coursed till-like stones. Also it is rather narrow for a packhorse bridge, and its parapets at 0.9 metres is rather high. More probably a footbridge than a packhorse bridge. [7] Medieval in origin, restored 1952. Flat bedded slate. Parapet ramped up to centre, pebble path between. Scheduled Ancient Monument (Somerset County No 38). (Photograph in NMR). [8] Wrongly plotted by HBMC. Lies just upstream from the Vicarage Bridge (MSO8542). [9] Stone built with two semi-circular arches and a small low pointed cutwater on the upstream side. The bridge 14.5 metres long and 1metre wide between parapets. The north end foundations have been rather exposed and a little undermined by obvious recent flooding. [10] Scheduling affirmed with new national number on 11 August 2003 (was Somerset 38). [11] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 9. [19] The bridge suffered damage in December 2012 due to the floods and emergency repairs were undertaken in January 2013. [20] The building was visited in March 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6. [21] The site was surveyed in March 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 9. [22] The packhorse bridge crossing the River Exe, a Scheduled Ancient Monument, is medieval in origin and has a two-arch span with random-rubble voussoirs and small cut water on upstream side. It is mainly built of flat-bedded slate, vertically aligned as coping and was restored in 1952. [23] The packhorse bridge by the Old Vicarage was badly damaged by the Lynmouth Flood on 15th August 1952. [24] The Winsford Archive includes an image of the bridge taken in 1920. [25]

Sources/Archives (25)

  • <1> Monograph: Thompson, W.H.. 1934. Somerset Regional Survey. P. 57.
  • <2> Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 23 August 1965.
  • <3> Monograph: Jervoise, E.. 1930. The Ancient Bridges of the South of England. Architectural Press. P. 110.
  • <4> Index: Department of the Environment (IAM). 1978. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1978. P. 124.
  • <5> Unpublished document: Department of Environment. Record Form.
  • <6> Index: Department of the Environment. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest . MHLG (Prov HHR) Dulverton RD Somer (September 1955) 22.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comments. CF Wardale, 8 July 1986.
  • <8> Index: 2/1/1986. Thirty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, District of West Somerset (Somerset)/Exmoor National Park.
  • <9> Unpublished document: HBMC (English Heritage). 9/3/1977. HBMC (English Heritage) to Somerset County Council.
  • <10> Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
  • <11> Unpublished document: English Heritage. 20/8/2003. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
  • <12> Photograph: 17TH CENT. 99/E/8. B/W.
  • <13> Photograph: DETAIL OF STONEWORK ON EAST SIDE. 99/E/10. B/W.
  • <14> Photograph: 17TH CENT. 99/E/11. B/W.
  • <15> Photograph: 17TH CENT. 99/E/9. B/W.
  • <16> Photograph: 17TH CENT. 99/E/7. B/W.
  • <17> Photograph: 17TH CENTURY PACKHORSE BRIDGE AT WINSFORD FROM EAST. OS65/F187/1. B/W. MICROFILM.
  • <18> Photograph: 17TH CENT. 99/E/6. B/W.
  • <19> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <20> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. C Dove, 31 January 2013.
  • <21> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <22> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
  • <23> Report: Fisher, J.. 2005. Winsford: Village Character Appraisal.
  • <24> Leaflet: Various. 2004. A Winsford Anthology. 23.
  • <25> Archive: Winsford History Society. Various. Winsford Archive.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9056 3515 (7m by 10m)
Map sheet SS93NW
Civil Parish WINSFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Related Articles (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (5A): 1076/14/152
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10784
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11998
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 NW4
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36656
  • Scheduled Monument (County Number): 38
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34635
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 31285

Record last edited

Sep 28 2016 1:13PM

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