MSO8018 - Medieval packhorse bridge at Allerford (Building)


A medieval stone packhorse bridge of two segmental arches with a cobbled footway and local red sandstone parapets. It has a central cutwater to the east side.

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

[SS 9060 4691] F.B. (NAT) [1] Allerford Bridge, a packhorse bridge of two segmental arches, with a roadway width of 4 feet. [2] Scheduled. [3] The bridge is as described. See GP AO/65/181/6. [4,9] Grade II*. Probably of medieval origin. Restored. Narrow stone bridge on two segmental arches, cobbled footway, stone parapets. Central cutwater to east side. Scheduled Ancient Monument (Somerset County No 212). (Photograph in NMR) . [5,6] Additional bibliography. [7,8] One small low layered stone cutwater upstream. The arches are shallow and flattened in shape. The bridge and cobbled path are in very good repair. There is an adjacent ford. [10] Scheduling affirmed with new national number (was Somerset 200) on 3 September 2002. [11] The bridge is mentioned in the 2004 Conservation Area Character Appraisal for Allerford. [12] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 7. [13] The building was visited in May 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 4A. [14] The site was surveyed in June 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 8. [15] The feature is depicted and labelled "FB" (or footbridge) on the 2020 MasterMap data. [16] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [17] Allerford's medieval packhorse bridge is likely to be the earliest surviving structure in the village, and probably marks the historic core of the settlement. It is one of several in the locatity. [18] A twin arch medieval packhorse bridge with a cobbled roadway. The area of West Somerset has a concentration of packhorse bridges characterised by narrow roadways and low parapets, to allow horses with panniers to cross. [19]

Sources/Archives (19)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Monograph: Thompson, W.H.. 1934. Somerset Regional Survey. P. 57.
  • <3> Index: Ministry of Works. 1961. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales. P. 84.
  • <4> Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Mid 1960s. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 22 July 1963.
  • <5> Index: Department of the Environment. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest . DOE (HHR) Williton RD Somer (March 1962) 71.
  • <6> Index: 2/1/1986. Thirty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, District of West Somerset (Somerset)/Exmoor National Park.
  • <7> Monograph: Jervoise, E.. 1930. The Ancient Bridges of the South of England. Architectural Press. P. 113-4.
  • <8> Monograph: Pevsner, N.. 1958. The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset. Penguin Books. P. 76.
  • <10> Report: Various. Various. Field Monument Warden Report. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission.
  • <11> Unpublished document: English Heritage. 25/9/2002. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
  • <13> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <13> Report: Fisher, J.. 2004. Allerford Conservation Area Character Appraisal. Exmoor National Park Authority.
  • <14> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <15> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015. Archaedia.
  • <16>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #42913 ]
  • <17> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 36812, Extant 11 May 2022.
  • <18> Report: Pratt, N.. 2017. Allerford Conservation Area: Appraisal document. Exmoor National Park Authority. p 5, 6, 39, Figures 1, 11.
  • <19> Monograph: Daniel, P. (Ed.). 2019. A guide to the industrial archaeology of Somerset. Association for Industrial Archaeology. 2nd Edition. p 65, W1.1.

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (4A): 1076/25/73
  • Coastal Risk 2014: Flood Zone 3 fluvial
  • Coastal Risk 2016: Flood Zone 2 fluvial
  • Coastal Risk 2016: Flood Zone 3 fluvial
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10706
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11995
  • Local Heritage List Status (Rejected)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 NW17
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record: MNA167468
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 36812
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34625
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 31202



Grid reference Centred SS 9051 4691 (11m by 8m) MasterMap
Map sheet SS94NW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (5)

Related Articles (1)

Record last edited

Oct 10 2022 12:28PM


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