MMO1952 - 19th Century water meadow west of West Ilkerton (Monument)

Summary

A simple water meadow of probable 19th Century, of a type known as a catchwork or field gutter system, is visible as a ditch or water channel on some aerial photographs but may have been levelled by landscaping following floods in 1952.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow of a type known locally as a catchwork or field gutter system was constructed on a west facing slope above the Barbrook at circa SS 7039 4659, to the west of West Ilkerton, with which it is probably associated. This appears to be a relatively simple system of one main gutter or head main, but multiple parallel gutters, to improve the water coverage, is a common feature of Exmoor water meadows. This system may be an example of an 'integrated system', where the water is passed though the farmstead to pick up manure and subsequently distribute this liquid fertaliser on the slopes. The gutters are not clearly visible on aerial photographs of the 1950s onwards, and it may have been levelled during landscaping following the 1952 floods. [1,2]

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3055-6 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7036 4655 (166m by 260m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74NW
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW157
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1465525

Record last edited

Dec 15 2014 3:45PM

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