MDE1227 - Bronze Age barrow on Kipscombe Hill (Monument)
Please read the caveat document.
Type and Period (1)
(SS 7712 4917) Tumulus (NR).  A bowl barrow 16 paces in diameter and 4 feet high, with a hollow in the centre, and indications of a surrounding ditch. Visited 1961.  A ditched bowl barrow. It's overall diameter is 22.0 metres and the diamter of the mound is 15.0 metres. The height of the mound varies between 0.9 metres to 1.2 metres on the south-east, partly due to upcast. The now silted ditch 0.2 metres deep is clearly visible except on the south, downhill side. The site is under grasss in arable land. Published 1:2500 survey revised.  A barrow centred at SS 7712 4917 and located on the south-facing slopes of Kipscombe Hill.It is 14 metres in overall diameter and 0.9 metres high with a summit diameter of 9 metres. The mound is well defined and upstanding. A ditch 0.2 metres deep and 1.3 metres wide is visible on its upslope (northern side). A trench, probably the result of an excavation, cut into its summit is aligned north-north-west to south-south-east, and is positioned off centre towards the north-west; it is 5 metres long, 1.7 metres wide and 0.3 metres deep. On the southern part of the barrow summit are three small upright stones. Their position on the top of the mound and the fact that they have not been mentioned by other observers suggests that they are of recent origin. Nevertheless they are well set into the ground. They are placed in a configuration forming three sides of a small rectangle 0.5 metres square overall. The stones vary in size and height, the biggest measuring 0.3 metres square by 0.35 metres high.  Round mound marked 'Tumulus' by the Ordnace Survey. Good on 1947 aerial photograph, fair on 1977 aerial photograph.  Prehistoric Bronze Age burial mound to the southeast of Kipscombe Hill.  The bowl barrow is clearly visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1952 as an earthwork approximately 13 metres in diameter. The variation from the dimensions described above probably arises from poor visibility due to vegetation cover prior to the enclosure of Kipscombe Hill. Nonetheless, the large rectangular cut into the barrow is clearly visible in 1952. By 1972 the barrow appears to have been damaged by ploughing following the post-war enclosure. Evidence for at least 4 and possibly as many as 10 mounds, possibly further barrows forming a roughly linear cemetery, can be seen as earthworks an cropmarks to the north and west of Kipscombe Hill. [11-13] It was noted during a site visit that the monument was in an area of rough grazing and there were four large sheep scrapes eroding the fabric of the barrow. The damage was thought to be due to long term erosion by stock sheltering rather than recent overgrazing or stocking. It was suggested the hollows should be refilled and the surface stabilised.  The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 7.  The site was surveyed in May 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 8. 
- <1> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
- <2> SEM6798 Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Barrows of North Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 28. P. 116.
- <3> SMO7325 Unpublished document: STONE, J.W.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 24 September 1974.
- <4> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 25 November 1993.
- <5> SDE8487 Unpublished document: Weston, S.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden visits.
- <6> SDE92981 Aerial photograph: RAF. 1947. CPE/UK 1980.4041. Aerial Photograph. 1980.4041.
- <7> SDE92982 Aerial photograph: Unknown. 1977. MAM 13/030. 13/030.
- <8> SDE85961 Aerial photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/LD 13-15. Devon Aerial Photograph. 11-16.
- <9> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS7449B.
- <10> SEM6856 Report: Berry, N.. 2004. Archaeological and Historic Landscape Survey of Kipscombe Farm, Countisbury, Devon. P. 3.
- <11> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/910 (F20) 3004-5 (17 October 1952).
- <12> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72065 013-014 (15 April 1972).
- <13> SMO7551 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168.
- <14> SEM8388 Report: Juleff, G.. 2003. English Heritage site visit forms.
- <15> SEM7402 Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
- <16> SEM8278 Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7712 4917 (30m by 28m) (MasterMap)|
|Civil Parish||COUNTISBURY, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (4)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=35124 (Pastscape entry: 35124)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 662
- Devon SMR: SS74NE/509
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20027
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO70
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NE8
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35124
Record last edited
Nov 9 2016 11:27AM
Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.