MSO9185 - Bronze Age barrow and cairn, Rowbarrow Group (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
(SS 87414147 & SS 87464146) Tumuli (NR).  Two barrows, 143 feet apart from centre to centre. The first is a disc-barrow, a slight mound surrounded by a nearly circular bank 58 feet in diameter at the crest and 72 feet at the foot of the bank. Indications of an inner ditch. The second barrow east of the first is a cairn of stones much mutilated. No indication of a ditch. Diameter circa 56 feet.  Scheduled.  Cutcombe 1; SS 87414147, 24 paces across and 1.5 feet high, apparently a saucer barrow. Cutcombe 2; SS 87464146, 17 paces across and 4.5 feet high. Cairn with modern stone heap, much dug away from west and southwest.  The feature listed by Grinsell as Cutcombe 1 appears to be a saucer barrow [20,21]. The other feature is a disturbed cairn. Published 1.2500 survey revised.  onr or two of the rwobarrows examined incompletely. [6,7] SS 87414147. Cutcombe 1. Apparently a saucer barrow comprising a central mound 32 feet in diameter and 1 foot 6 inches high, enclosed by ditch circa 8ft. wide and outer bank circa 12 ft. wide. The ditch is circa 9 inches deep externally and bank c 9 inches high. Described in error by  as a disc barrow. SS 87464146. Cutcombe 2. Cairn surmounted by modern stone heap, listed as . Possibly called White Barrow (see also MSO11326). Both visited by Grinsell 25 May 1958.  (SS 87414147) Tumulus (NR) (SS 87464146) Cairn (NR)  Additional Bibliography.  A ring barrow and a round cairn situated in a prominent position on a rounded hilltop at 510 metres above sea level; part of the linear Rowbarrow group (MSO9183 & MSO9184). SS 8741 4147. An impressive and well preserved ring barrow 22.9 metres in overall diameter with a slightly off centre saucer shaped mound and a slightly subcircular enclosing bank. The mound is 12.7 metres in diameter, 0.3 metres high with a shallow depression in its top where a few random largish stones are evident. The back which apparently gently slopes from south to north varies in width from 2.8 metres on the lower side to 5.2 metres on the upper side. Its height is on average 0.6 metres externally and 0.4 metres internally. The ditch noted by an earlier authority is a misinterpretation of the junction of the edge of the mound and the inner scarp of the bank. The barrow is a variation on the south west cairn platform with rim bank. SS 8745 4146. This heavily disturbed cairn, lying 8.0 metres southeast of the barrow, measures from 14.3 metres to 16.0 metres across and has a maximum height of 1.4 metres. It appears to be mostly composed of small stone although a few larger boulders are visible. The southwest side has been dug away and no traces of kerbing are evident in the exposed sides. Two small, probably modern, cairns have been constructed on its top. Shallow amorphous quarry pits, presumably a source of barrow material,lie between the mounds. No further information was gained on the name "White Barrow". It is not noted on the maps of Day and Masters (1782) or Greenwood (1822). Visible on aerial photographs. [11-14] A well preserved ring barrow and a round cairn, forming part of the Rowbarrow group, are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs, to the west of Dunkery Beacon, centred on circa SS 8742 4147 and SS 8746 4146 resprectively. The diameter of the ring barrow outer enclosing bank measures approximately 20 metres at the outer edge, the inner mound almost 10 metres in diameter. The cairn lies 28 metres south east of the barrow and is almost 10 metres in diameter. Numerous small and shallow quarries, which might be the source of the building material for the monuments, are visible between the mounds. [15-19] In very good condition, completely heather covered.  (Barrow) Ring effect most marked. Some loose stones in centre. Scheduled as AM 48a.  (Cairn) Scheduled as AM 48b. Other mounds nearby.  The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a score of 3.  'White Barrow' is shown on Cutcombe Tithe Map further west at approximately SS87004144 (MSO11326)  The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 3.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project.  The features are depicted and labelled on the 2021 MasterMap data. 
- <1> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
- <2> SSO1200 Article in serial: Gray, H.St.G.. 1932. Rude stone monuments of Exmoor (Somerset Portion): Part IV. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 78. 120-122.
- <3> SEM7745 Index: Ministry of Works. 1961. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales. 81.
- <4> SSO1220 Article in serial: Grinsell, L V. 1969. Somerset barrows, part 1. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. 15, 29.
- <5> SMO7319 Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F1, 21 June 1965.
- <6> SEM7688 Monograph: Barrister, A.. 1811. A Tour in Quest of Geneology, through several parts of Wales, Somersetshire, and Wiltshire. Sherwood, Neely and Jones. 136-8.
- <7> SEM7229 Monograph: Collinson, J.. 1791 (2006). The History and Antiquities of Somerset. Archive CD Books Ltd. Part 2 (1839), 125.
- <8> SMO5068 Monograph: L V Grinsell. 1953. The ancient burial-mounds of England . 138.
- <9> SSO1446 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1978. 1:10,000 Map, 1978. 1:10,000.
- <10> SEM7747 Article in serial: Horne, E. 1929. Ancient Monuments in Somerset. Somerset Archaeological & Natural History Society. 75. 95.
- <11> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. OS 73 109 952-3 (29 April 1973).
- <12> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR SS8741 1 1088-9 (20 April 1982).
- <13> SMO7308 Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, F2, 7 March 1987.
- <14> SMO5438 Technical drawing: Quinnell, N.V.. 1987. Cairn and saucer barrow at SS 84 SE 10/ink survey . 1:500. Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
- <15> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 F20 4273-4 (11 April 1947).
- <16> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 F64 153-4 (27 April 1964).
- <17> SMO4069 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. SS 8741/9 (15450/19) (15 May 1996).
- <18> SMO6274 Collection: RCHME: Exmoor Pilot Survey, SS 84 SE, Somerset.
- <19> SMO7568 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SE. MD002185.
- <20> SMO1373 Photograph: Pitcher, S.. 1965. SAUCER BARROW AT CUTCOMBE/LUCCOMBE FROM EAST. OS65/F191/3. B/W. MICROFILM.
- <21> SMO1372 Photograph: Pitcher, S.. 1965. SAUCER BARROW AT CUTCOMBE/LUCCOMBE FROM EAST. OS65/F191/4. B/W. MICROFILM.
- <22> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. National Trust archaeologist visit, July 1976.
- <23> SSO1247 Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
- <24> SSO708 Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 8741.
- <25> SSO289 Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 4169.
- <26> SSO248 Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 87. 8625.
- <27> SSO110 Aerial photograph: 10/1/1989. DAP LD24, 25.
- <28> SEM8675 Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. E Dennison, Somerset County Council, 26 June 1984.
- <29> SEM7402 Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
- <30> SSO95 Map: 1842. Cutcombe Tithe Map and Apportionment.
- <31> SEM8278 Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015. Archaedia.
- <32> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 35972, Extant 12 October 2021.
- <33>XY SEM340794 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped features: #42308 Barrow, ; #42309 Cairn, ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 874 414 (66m by 32m) (2 map features)|
|Civil Parish||CUTCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
|Civil Parish||LUCCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (5)
- Related to: Great Rowbarrow (Monument) (MSO9184)
- Related to: Little Rowbarrow (Monument) (MSO9183)
- Related to: Possible Bronze Age barrow on Stoke Pero Common (Monument) (MMO2261)
- Related to: Possible Bronze Age round barrow on Stoke Pero Common (Monument) (MMO2262)
- Related to: Undated excavation pits near the Rowbarrows (Monument) (MMO2260)
Related Events/Activities (4)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=35972 (Pastscape entry: 35972)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO145
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11152
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11325
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO7331
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SE10
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- National Trust HER Record
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 35972
- Scheduled Monument (County Number): SOMER 48a & SOMER 48b
- Site of Special Scientific Interest
- Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33793
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33482
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33681
Record last edited
Oct 12 2021 5:11PM
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