MSO7360 - Prehistoric stone row on Wilmersham Common (Monument)

Summary

A possible stone row with a standing stone above Chetsford Water.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

There is a stone row to the north of the main Wilmersham Common Stone Row (MSO7336). [1] One standing stone possibly belonging to this complex located at break of slope to Ember Combe and Chetsford water. It is 50 centimetres high. [2] Nearby earthworks suggest that the stones may be associated with some aspect of land division rather than being an actual stone row. [3] One standing stone as above, plus smaller nearby. They form part of prehistoric settlement remains covering much of Honeycombe Hill (MSO7337), and lead up to the remains of a hut circle. [5] Burrow's stone is almost certainly that at SS 8554 4211, on the lip of the steep combe of Chetsford Water. Acceptable as a standing stone it is a vertical slab 0.6 metres high, 0.15 metrs thick and 0.6 metres long, with a horizontal top, and oriented north/south. Its situation is such, that if it were part of a row, it would have to be an end stone for a row towards the south, or a blocking stone for one to the east. McDonnell's row could not be found. Eastwards a strip of pasture follows the top of the valley while to the south, there is dense heather, which was searched so far as practicable. [6] Scheduled on 28 March 1996. [7] The monument includes two standing stones, a recumbent stone and the archaeologically sensitive area between and around those features. The site is located on the northwest side of Honeycombe Hill 120 metres southeast of the confluence of Chetsford and Embercombe waters. The monument is 26 metres long and orientated northeast to southwest. The recumbent stone lies at the northeastern end and is slightly offset from the line towards the north. The standing stone at the southwest end is a flat slab, set firm and vertically in the ground, 600 milimetres high, 600 milimetres wide and 150 milimetres thick. The middle stone of the row lies 16.68 metres to the north east of the first one, is firm and upright in the ground and is 200 milimetres high, 270 milimetres wide and 140 milimetres thick. The recumbent stone lies 9.45 metres to the north east of the middle stone and is 820 milimetres long, 320 milimetres wide and 320 milimetres thick. [8] The Scheduled Monument Condition Survey of 2009 provided the standing stone (recorded in [3]) a survival score of 3. [9] The mapping has been amended from a buffered polygon to a point based on the grid reference provided in source [8] due to concerns about accuracy. The MasterMap data shows two stones at c. SS 8559 4213 which may be the true location of the row. [10] The standing stone was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 3. [11] A row of 3 stones situated on the northwest side of Honeycombe Hill, 120m southeast of the confluence of Chetsford and Embercombe waters, and north of the Wilmersham Common Stone row. Only two stones were found at this site, one large standing stone (A) and a small stump under the roots of the bracken (B), roughly 15m apart. The third stone is likely lost within the thick vegetation over the site. The level of vegetation on the site has grown significantly since the last survey and includes bracken. This has hidden Stone C and could also hide Stone B. The previously recorded locational information (SS 8554 4213, and SS 8559 4213) appears to be incorrect for this site, and has been amended. [12-14] The site was visited as part of an academic research project by Dr Sandy Gerrard in 2018. [15]

Sources/Archives (15)

  • <1> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. R McDonnell, Western Archaeological Trust, 3 December 1976.
  • <2> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. I Burrow, Somerset County Council, 15 April 1980.
  • <3> Article in serial: Burrow, I., Minnitt, S. + Murless, B.. 1980. Somerset Archaeology 1979. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 124. P. 116.
  • <4> Article in serial: Corney, W.J. 1968. Prehistoric Settlement on Honeycombe Hill. Exmoor Review. P. 42-3.
  • <5> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. A Preece, 1994.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Quinnell, N.V.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 17 March 1987.
  • <7> Unpublished document: English Heritage. 25.4.1996. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
  • <8> Index: English Heritage. 1913-. Schedule of Monuments. 28 March 1996.
  • <9> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <10> Map: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap.
  • <11> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
  • <12>XY Report: Fuller, J.. 2018. Exmoor Prehistoric Standing Stone Condition Survey: 2017-2018. MSO7360. [Mapped features: #45690 Stone A., MSO7360; #45691 Stone B., MSO7360]
  • <13> Verbal communication: Various. Various. ENPA archaeologist field visit. Jack Fuller 18/12/2018.
  • <14> Report: Fuller, J.. 2018. Exmoor Prehistoric Standing Stone Condition Survey: 2017-2018 - Scheduled Standing Stones. MSO7360.
  • <15> Website: Gerrard, S.. 2020. The Stone Rows of Great Britain.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8557 4212 (19m by 18m) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS84SE
Civil Parish LUCCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11334
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SE53
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36108
  • Site of Special Scientific Interest
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33690

Record last edited

Jul 14 2020 2:08PM

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