MMO2518 - 19th Century peat cutting on Madacombe (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
Peat cutting of probably largely 19th Century date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped large pits and an extensive area of disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 8264 4319. The area of extraction appears to be divided into two, perhaps both physically and temporally, by a probably 19th Century field boundary. To the east of the field boundary the evidence for peat extraction resembles that to the south at circa SS 8279 4279, with the cutting on a relatively small scale. The visible pits are widely spaced and generally subrectangular in shape, on average under 4 metres wide but varying in length from 3 metres to over 25 metres long. The greatest indication of extraction here is the disturbed character of the ground surface, which, with the visible pits, may indicate a level of speculative cutting. To the west of the field boundary the cuttings appear more developed. The individual cuttings are more extensive, some approaching 40 metres in width, and also show evidence of sustained and cumulative exploitation. For instance, several pits have stepped faces, indicating systematic cutting. These larger pits may reflect the cumulative nature of some peat cutting on Exmoor, where one family cuts the same peat beds for generations as part of their commoners' rights. In total, this area of peat cutting covers around 3 hectares of common land. Due to the difficult nature of the evidence which can vary in appearance on aerial photographs from year to year, the transcription attempts only to convey the general area and character of the excavations, and should be taken only as indicative of the extent of individual pits. The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was in the first half of the 19th Century, although cutting probably took place on a smaller scale from the medieval period well into the 20th Century. [1-3] A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 4103-5 (8 November 1952).
- <2> SEM7230 Monograph: Burton, R.A.. 1989. The Heritage of Exmoor. Roger A. Burton. 72, 232-3.
- <3>XY SMO7567 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184. [Mapped feature: #38953 ]
- <4> SEM8135 Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.
- <5> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1478160, Extant 19 July 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 8264 4317 (233m by 232m) Aerial Survey|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (7)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting north of Larkbarrow Farm (Monument) (MMO2534)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting northeast of Larkbarrow Farm (Monument) (MMO2533)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting northwest of Alderman's Barrow (Monument) (MMO2500)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting on Kittuck Hill (Monument) (MMO2535)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting on Kittuck Mead (Monument) (MMO2520)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting on Madacombe (Monument) (MMO2517)
- Related to: 19th Century peat cutting on Madacombe (Monument) (MMO2519)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1478160 (Pastscape entry: 1478160)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW267
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1478160
Record last edited
Jul 19 2021 3:08PM
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