MMO2519 - 19th Century peat cutting on Madacombe (Monument)

Summary

A possible area of peat cutting of probable 19th Century date can be seen as an irregularly shaped rectilinear pit. This is one of four discrete but possibly associated areas of extraction visible as earthworks on aerial photographs.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A possible area of peat cutting of probable 19th Century date can be seen an irregularly shaped large pit centred on circa SS 8263 4296. The pit is approximately 9 metres wide and 73 long, orientated roughly east-north-east to west-south-west. It is probably contemporary with much more extensive areas of cutting to the north and south, but shares more characteristics with the cuttings to the north, in that it may represent sustained and cumulative peat extraction. In total, this area of peat cutting covers around 3 hectares of common land. The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was in the first half of the nineteenth century, although cutting probably took place on a smaller scale from the medieval period well into the twentieth century. [1-3] A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 4103-5 (8 November 1952).
  • <2> Monograph: Burton, R.A.. 1989. The Heritage of Exmoor. Roger A. Burton. 72, 232-3.
  • <3> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184.
  • <4> Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8263 4296 (77m by 55m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW 268
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1478164

Record last edited

Jan 3 2017 11:32AM

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