MMO101 - Bronze Age burial cairn on Ilkerton Ridge (Monument)

Summary

A prehistoric cairn, probably dating to the Bronze Age is visible as a well formed heather, turf and bracken covered mound. It has a central hollow which may represent robbing.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

SS 7189 4474. Hut Circle. [1] Hut Circle on Ilkerton Ridge. [2] SS 719 447. A round barrow, approximately 9 yards diameter. [3] SS 7188 4474. A mutilated cairn 8.4 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high with a central 0.5 metre deep pit. It has a strong stone content. Resurveyed at 1:2500. [4] The monument has recently been swaled, and shows up clearly. The sides are angled at c.45 degrees and it is of stone and earth. Pit diameter 3 paces, overall diameter 9 paces, height 2 feet. Possibly "pit" is original feature not robbing. [5] SS 71886 44745 A cairn 7.5 metres in diameter and of 1 metre maximum height. It is evident as a well formed heather, turf and bracken covered mound built on a gentle west facing slope below a shallow saddle on Ilkerton Ridge, some 310 metres above Ordnance Datum. It has been encroached on by tracks on the uphill and downhill sides. Probing revealed a content of small stones and there is a central irregular hollow, some 3 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres deep. Eardley-Wilmot, who saw the hollow after swaling in 1981 suggests it may be an original feature [5], but this is doubtful and it is most likely due to robbing, possibly for material to repair the tracks. It was probably this robbing which resulted in its classification as a hut circle by the Ordnance Survey in 1888 [6]. Given its situation, form and content and its proximity to several other cairns in the vicinity (MDE1287, MDE1292, MDE1314, MDE20327) it is almost certainly a prehistoric burial cairn. [5-7] The cairn is clearly visible on aerial photographs as a small oval mound measuring approximately 7.5 metres in diameter. [8-9] The cairn is depicted and labelled on 2021 MasterMap data at SS 7188 4474. [10]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. 195.
  • <3> Monograph: Page, W. (editor). 1906. The Victoria History of the County of Devon. Archibald Constable and Company, Limited (London). 1. 629.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 17 September 1974.
  • <5> Archive: Devon County Council. Various. Devon SMR / HER records / parish files - Exmoor records. H Eardley-Wilmot and E Mold, Worksheet, 1 May 1981.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889, Devon 7(5).
  • <7> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 6 September 1994.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1655 4065-4066 (11 July 1946).
  • <9> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182.
  • <10>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #47032 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7188 4474 (11m by 11m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 002
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 011
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 12249
  • Devon SMR: SS74SW/41
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE1289
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20301
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW19
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35379

Record last edited

Mar 1 2021 4:38PM

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