MMO101 - Bronze Age burial cairn on Ilkerton Ridge (Monument)

Summary

A prehistoric cairn, probably dating to the Bronze Age is visible as a well formed heather, turf and bracken covered mound. It has a central hollow which may represent robbing.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

SS 7189 4474. Hut Circle. [1] Hut Circle on Ilkerton Ridge. [2] SS 719 447. A round barrow, approximately 9 yards diameter. [3] SS 7188 4474. A mutilated cairn 8.4 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high with a central 0.5 metre deep pit. It has a strong stone content. Resurveyed at 1:2500. [4] The monument has recently been swaled, and shows up clearly. The sides are angled at c.45 degrees and it is of stone and earth. Pit diameter 3 paces, overall diameter 9 paces, height 2 feet. Possibly "pit" is original feature not robbing. [5] SS 71886 44745 A cairn 7.5 metres in diameter and of 1 metre maximum height. It is evident as a well formed heather, turf and bracken covered mound built on a gentle west facing slope below a shallow saddle on Ilkerton Ridge, some 310 metres above Ordnance Datum. It has been encroached on by tracks on the uphill and downhill sides. Probing revealed a content of small stones and there is a central irregular hollow, some 3 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres deep. Eardley-Wilmot, who saw the hollow after swaling in 1981 suggests it may be an original feature [5], but this is doubtful and it is most likely due to robbing, possibly for material to repair the tracks. It was probably this robbing which resulted in its classification as a hut circle by the Ordnance Survey in 1888 [6]. Given its situation, form and content and its proximity to several other cairns in the vicinity (MDE1287, MDE1292, MDE1314, MDE20327) it is almost certainly a prehistoric burial cairn. [5-7] The cairn is clearly visible on aerial photographs as a small oval mound measuring approximately 7.5 metres in diameter. [8-9] The cairn is depicted and labelled on 2021 MasterMap data at SS 7188 4474. [10] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [11]

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. 195.
  • <3> Monograph: Page, W. (editor). 1906. The Victoria History of the County of Devon. Archibald Constable and Company, Limited (London). 1. 629.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 17 September 1974.
  • <5> Archive: Devon County Council. Various. Devon SMR / HER records / parish files - Exmoor records. H Eardley-Wilmot and E Mold, Worksheet, 1 May 1981.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889, Devon 7(5).
  • <7> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 6 September 1994.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1655 4065-4066 (11 July 1946).
  • <9> Archive: English Heritage. 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182.
  • <10>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #47032 ]
  • <11> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 35379, Extant 11 January 2022.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7188 4474 (11m by 11m)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 002
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 011
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 12249
  • Devon SMR: SS74SW/41
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE1289
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20301
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW19
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 35379

Record last edited

Jan 11 2022 5:01PM

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