MDE20311 - 18th Century barn and shippon at Barton Town Farm (Building)

Summary

An 18th Century barn, built of rubble stone with some brick dressings and cob. It contains an internal shippon, with a hayloft that could be filled directly from the main barn area.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Barn 18th Century... Rubble stone with some brick dressings and cob. Scantle slate roofs with clay ridge tiles hipped to left end, gable ended to right. Barn is lofted over at right end and barn has double plank doors with timber lintel. Small plank door to right with loft opening above. Lean-to to rear of barn with corrugated iron roof. [1] The building was not assessed during the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. [2] The barn is built of rubble and cob, with a half hipped roof, and probably dates from the 18th Century. It may be slightly later in date than the cottage, inferred by the use of iron pins in the carpentry joints of the barn roof, as opposed to the wooden pegs used in the cottage roof. It has opposed doorways indicating that it was probably used for hand threshing and winnowing. It has a wide cart entrance on the north wall and a smaller doorway to the south. There is an internal shippon at the western end, segregated f, which allowed carts to enter the barn and unload directly onto the hayloft. The shippon also had a floor of brick, rubble and stone slabs, laid on a slope to allow drainage into a channel set across the width of the building and draining towards the yard door. A mid to late 20th Century animal shelter adjoins the barn's south wall. The barn and shippon are of modest size and suggest a small acreage of the farm, which was probably engaged in typical mixed farming with some cereal production (including corn) and livestock rearing (probably cattle, sheep and pigs). The barn retains remnants of an internal plaster finish, probably in an attempt to keep rodents out.

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Index: Department of the Environment. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest . HHR: Challacombe (18 March 1986) 47.
  • <2> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <3> Report: Jones, B.V.. 2000. Barton Town, Challacombe, Devon. 2,4,7.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 679 405 (17m by 12m)
Map sheet SS64SE
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (0)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (Not visited): 1615/2/73
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 39982
  • Devon SMR: SS64SE/182/3

Record last edited

Feb 19 2019 3:18PM

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