MDE11657 - Medieval or post-medival field system on Wallover Down (Monument)

Summary

An area of abandoned field boundaries covering some 15 hectares and probably representing several phases of enclosure was noted on aerial photographs. There are also traces of narrow ridge and furrow, and an area of irregular peat cutting.

Please read the .

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

SS 6965 3919. Low banks forming old field boundaries south of goat combe. Their visibilty is good on the 1947 aerial photograph [1] and fair on 1977 aerial photograph [2]. [3] An area of abandoned field boundaries, covering some 15 hectares, is centred at SS 6960 3915 on the crest and on the north facing slopes of Wallover Down. The field system was recorded by [3], and a number of the boundaries are still depicted on Ordnance Survey 1:10000 and 1:2500 maps. They survive as earthen banks up to 0.5 metres high, delineating former fields and aiding drainage. At SS 6955 3930 are traces of narrow ridge and furrow on a roughly north to south alignment. At SS 6929 3907 a west to east boundary shown by [3] is overlain by an existing north to south hedge bank. This and the random appearance of some of the boundaries, may suggest that the system represents several phases of enclosure. At SS 6970 3912, on the crest of the west to east saddle of Wallover Down, is an area of irregular peat cutting, averaging some 0.4 metres in depth. [4] The field system described above is clearly visible on aerial photographs, although the peat cuttings are less obvious. [2,5,6]

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. CPE/UK/1980 4142 (April 1947).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1977-1978. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography. MAM/14/053 (May 1977).
  • <3> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS6939A.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 23 December 1992.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF CPE/UK/2082 4101-02 (19 May 1947).
  • <6>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 63 NE. MD002188. [Mapped feature: #38786 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6949 3914 (847m by 467m)
Map sheet SS63NE
Civil Parish CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR (Devonshire): SS63NE/41
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 17897
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20511
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO334
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 63 NE24
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 925451

Record last edited

Jan 21 2019 1:59PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.