MSO9360 - Paper Mill, Lady Street, Dulverton (Monument)

Summary

A mill is shown on historic mapping. The present building may be 18th Century and was identified as a paper mill, though this was probably further upstream; the building may actually have been a grist mill. The property is now a house.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

Full Description

A mill is shown at this location. [1] 'Paper mill' is printed on the 1970 Ordnance Survey map. [2] Where Lady Street joins Northmoor Road, Paper Mill House incorporates a cottage known as The Birdcage. The paper mill itself was a separate building sited upstream (now demolished), while the present house may have served as a grist mill. [3] A small building is shown on the 1790 map at the junction of the mill leat and the stretch of road then called the Strand. [4] A three storey building of painted stone rubble with timber lintels and small casement windows. It probably dates from the 18th century. [6] Papermill House is clearly shown on a 1790 map of Dulverton as a narrow rectangular building in a plot between Northmoor Road and the town leat. Part of the former mill building survives (32 Northmoor Road). It is three storey, built of stone rubble with timber lintels and small casement windows and probably dates from the 18th Century. Very little is known about the paper mill at Dulverton. Manuscript notes for a study of the paper mills of Somerset refers to ‘Paper Mill House 1818’ and the reference book for the 1820 map of Dulverton shows four buildings on this plot, all under the heading ‘Paper Mill’, with the earliest building clearly shown as plot 295. The surviving structure is clearly an important part of the history of Dulverton’s mills and further study of both the surviving fabric and documentary evidence is needed. [7] On one stretch of the Dulverton town leat is a building known as the Paper Mill, which may have had a water wheel. However, the mill was never associated with a wheel pit or vertical drop in level as part of an original design of the leat, so cannot have been an original feature. A wheel pit with vertical drop could not be constructed here without radically disrupting the functioning of the rest of the leat and all the mills downstream. In the absence of a vertical drop, releases of water from the sluice might have been required to provide motive power for an undershot wheel. For these reasons a mill at this location would not have been particularly powerful or effective, and was perhaps not very long lasting. [8]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Monograph: Aston, M. + Leech, R.. 1977. Historic Towns in Somerset. Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset. Survey Number 2. p43.
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1970. 1:2500 Map. 1:2500. SS912.
  • <3> Monograph: Binding, H. + Bonham-Carter, V.. 1986. Old Dulverton and Around: Dulverton - Bury - Brushford - Exebridge. The Exmoor Press. p28, 38, 71, 72.
  • <4> Article in monograph: Gathercole, C.. 2003. English Heritage Extensive Urban Survey: An Archaeological Assessment of Dulverton. The Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey. English Heritage. p10.
  • <5> Map: 1790. Plan of Manor of Dulverton.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Fisher, J.. c.2003. Dulverton Conservation Area Appraisal. p5, 8, 19, 20, Photograph.
  • <7> Report: Riley, H.. 2015. Dulverton Town Weir, Exmoor: Historical research, recording and assessment.
  • <8> Report: Edgeworth, M.. 2016. Archaeological survey of the weir and leat system at Dulverton, West Somerset.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9134 2811 (7m by 16m) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS92NW
Civil Parish DULVERTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11225
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 92 NW30
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1114527
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33561

Record last edited

Oct 4 2016 3:40PM

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