MSO9334 - Pixton Park, Dulverton (Monument)

Summary

An 18th Century landscape park to Pixton Park House, referred to as a 'deer park' on the Ordnance Survey map of 1891. Earthworks of ornamental ponds, a terraced drive and an emparked field system were recorded during survey work in 1996.

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Type and Period (6)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

'Pixton Park' is printed on the 1962 and 1976 Ordnance Survey maps. [1, 2] Pixton Park is referred to a s a 'deer park' on the Ordnance Survey 1891 map. [3] The extent of the park is shown on the Second Edition Ordnance Survey map. [4] Pixton Park was surveyed by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England in April 1996. Selected earthwork surveys were made of an emparked field system at SS 9280 2710, and a system of three ornamental ponds at SS 9228 2710. The work was carried out as part of the Pixton Park Historic Landscape Project, co-ordinated by the Exmoor National Park Authority. [5, 6] The post-medieval emparked field system and ornamental ponds, referred to by previous authorities are visible on aerial photographs, and have been mapped at 1:10,000 scale, based on the 1:2500 scale plan. The features include a field barn, centred at SS 9278 2720, and scarps centred at SS 9275 2711 which may be part of the field system or a former terraced drive. The field boundaries, and, any other potential boundaries which may have been ploughed before the field investigation, were easily confused with modern paths within the park so the aerial survey did not add anything of significance there. However four areas of ridge and furrow which have been subseqeuntly ploughed level or seriously denuded, were visible on aerial photographs. Two blocks of ridge and furrow were identified in the northern part of the field system, centred at SS 9282 2720, and two blocks appear to be associated with the southern part, and are centred at SS 9285 2695. The large pond may be the remnants of an earlier, larger feature and used latterly as a fishing or boating pond. The two smaller ponds are probably mid 19th Century in date. [7-10] The manor of Potesdona (Pixton) was granted by William the Conqueror to Roger de Corcelle, after the Battle of Hastings. [11] Pixton Park's primary role over the past 200 years has been a sporting estate. From at least 1800, the grounds around Pixton House had been established as a deer park. Details are documented of the changing ownership of Pixton Estate. In the early 20th Century, Pixton Estate was about 4000 acres, of which Pixton Park covers about 170 acres. [12] In 1858, the Sydenhams sold their remaining Dulverton holdings to the Earl of Carnarvon, who had a residence at the nearby Pixton Park. [14]

Sources/Archives (16)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1976. 1:10000 Map, 1976. 1:10000.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
  • <5> Report: Wilson-North, R.. 1996. Pixton Park . General: Paper. Typescript. Site Visit 4 April 1996.
  • <6> Survey: Pixton Park Ink Survey. 1:2500. General: Permatrace. Pencil.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/860 3185-6, 4146-7. 02/09/1962.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF 106G/UK/1420 4302-3. 15/04/1946.
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F65) 272-3. 27/04/1964.
  • <10> Collection: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS92NW.
  • <11> Monograph: Binding, H. + Bonham-Carter, V.. 1986. Old Dulverton and Around: Dulverton - Bury - Brushford - Exebridge. The Exmoor Press. P.5, 11, 14-16.
  • <12> Report: Bernhardt, H.. 2005. Historical Report, Pixton Park.
  • <13> Article in monograph: Gathercole, C.. 2003. English Heritage Extensive Urban Survey: An Archaeological Assessment of Dulverton. The Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey. English Heritage. P.11.
  • <14> Report: Green, T., Humphreys, C. + Waterhouse, R.. Woodliving, Dulverton, Somerset: Results of an Archaeological Building Survey and Desk-Based Study. P.5.
  • <15> Monograph: Dulverton and District Civic Society. 2002. The Book of Dulverton, Brushford, Bury and Exebridge. Halsgrove. P.83, 85, 93, 137, Photograph.
  • <16> Monograph: Siraut, M.. 2009. Exmoor: The Making of an English Upland. Phillimore & Co. Ltd. 1st Edition. P.46, 56.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9259 2696 (915m by 1363m) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS92NW
Civil Parish DULVERTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (4)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Related Articles (3)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO279
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11980
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 92 NW35
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 866665
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34594

Record last edited

Apr 9 2018 8:17AM

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