MSO9334 - Pixton Park, Dulverton (Monument)
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Type and Period (6)
- DEER PARK (AD 18th Century to Modern - 1700 AD? to 2050 AD)
- ORNAMENTAL POND (AD 18th Century to Modern - 1700 AD? to 2050 AD)
- DRIVE (AD 18th Century to AD 19th Century - 1700 AD? to 1899 AD?)
- FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval to AD 18th Century - 1066 AD? to 1799 AD?)
- RIDGE AND FURROW (Medieval to AD 18th Century - 1066 AD? to 1799 AD?)
- LANDSCAPE PARK (AD 18th Century to Modern - 1700 AD? to 2050 AD)
- None recorded
'Pixton Park' is printed on the 1962 and 1976 Ordnance Survey maps. [1, 2] Pixton Park is referred to a s a 'deer park' on the Ordnance Survey 1891 map.  The extent of the park is shown on the Second Edition Ordnance Survey map.  Pixton Park was surveyed by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England in April 1996. Selected earthwork surveys were made of an emparked field system at SS 9280 2710, and a system of three ornamental ponds at SS 9228 2710. The work was carried out as part of the Pixton Park Historic Landscape Project, co-ordinated by the Exmoor National Park Authority. The survey (at 1:2500 scale) and a level three report have been archived in the NMR. [5, 6] The post-medieval emparked field system and ornamental ponds, referred to by previous authorities are visible on aerial photographs, and have been mapped at 1:10,000 scale, based on the 1:2500 scale plan. The features include a field barn, centred at SS 9278 2720, and scarps centred at SS 9275 2711 which may be part of the field system or a former terraced drive. The field boundaries, and, any other potential boundaries which may have been ploughed before the field investigation, were easily confused with modern paths within the park so the aerial survey did not add anything of significance there. However four areas of ridge and furrow which have been subseqeuntly ploughed level or seriously denuded, were visible on aerial photographs. Two blocks of ridge and furrow were identified in the northern part of the field system, centred at SS 9282 2720, and two blocks appear to be associated with the southern part, and are centred at SS 9285 2695. The large pond may be the remnants of an earlier, larger feature and used latterly as a fishing or boating pond. The two smaller ponds are probably mid 19th Century in date. [7-10] The manor of Potesdona (Pixton) was granted by William the Conqueror to Roger de Corcelle, after the Battle of Hastings.  Pixton Park's primary role over the past 200 years has been a sporting estate. From at least 1800, the grounds around Pixton House had been established as a deer park. Details are documented of the changing ownership of Pixton Estate. In the early 20th Century, Pixton Estate was about 4000 acres, of which Pixton Park covers about 170 acres.  In 1858, the Sydenhams sold their remaining Dulverton holdings to the Earl of Carnarvon, who had a residence at the nearby Pixton Park.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
- <2> SEM7578 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1976. 1:10000 Map, 1976. 1:10000.
- <3> SEM6703 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1854-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1891.
- <4> SEM7190 Map: Ordnance Survey. County Series; 2nd Edition (1st Revision) 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
- <5> SMO5686 Report: Wilson-North, R.. 1996. Pixton Park . RCHME. General: Paper. Typescript. Site Visit 4 April 1996.
- <6> SMO5685 Technical drawing: Wilson-North, R. and Sainsbury, I.. 1996. Pixton Park/ink survey. 1:2500. Permatrace. ink.
- <7> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 540/860 3185-6, 4146-7 (2 September 1962).
- <8> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF 106G/UK/1420 4302-3 (15 April 1946).
- <9> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F65) 272-3 (27 April 1964).
- <10>XY SMO6669 Collection: Winton, H.. 1998. RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS92NW. [Mapped feature: #46388 ]
- <11> SEM7521 Monograph: Binding, H. + Bonham-Carter, V.. 1986. Old Dulverton and Around: Dulverton - Bury - Brushford - Exebridge. The Exmoor Press. P.5, 11, 14-16.
- <12> SEM7050 Report: Bernhardt, H.. 2005. Historical Report, Pixton Park.
- <13> SEM7096 Article in monograph: Gathercole, C.. 2003. English Heritage Extensive Urban Survey: An Archaeological Assessment of Dulverton. The Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey. English Heritage. P.11.
- <14> SEM7072 Report: Green, T., Humphreys, C. + Waterhouse, R.. Woodliving, Dulverton, Somerset: Results of an Archaeological Building Survey and Desk-Based Study. P.5.
- <15> SEM7523 Monograph: Dulverton and District Civic Society. 2002. The Book of Dulverton, Brushford, Bury and Exebridge. Halsgrove. P.83, 85, 93, 137, Photograph.
- <16> SEM7541 Monograph: Siraut, M.. 2009. Exmoor: The Making of an English Upland. Phillimore & Co. Ltd. 1st Edition. P.46, 56.
- <17> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 866665, Extant 11 April 2022.
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=866665 (Pastscape entry: 866665)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO279
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11980
- Local List Status (Unassessed)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 92 NW35
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 866665
- Somerset SMR PRN: 34594
|Grid reference||Centred SS 9281 2670 (1374m by 1956m)|
|Civil Parish||DULVERTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (5)
- Parent of: Bathing Pond, Pixton Park, Dulverton (Monument) (MSO11133)
- Parent of: Kennels at Jury House, Pixton Park (Building) (MEM21981)
- Parent of: Newbridge Lodge, Dulverton (Building) (MEM21987)
- Parent of: Pond at Pixton Park, Dulverton (Monument) (MEM21983)
- Part of: Pixton Park House, Dulverton (Building) (MSO10857)
Related Events/Activities (2)
Related Articles (3)
Record last edited
Apr 11 2022 1:12PM
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