MSO8622 - Post-medieval field system on Winsford Hill (Monument)

Summary

An extensive field system with associated narrow ridge and furrow, visible on aerial photographs taken in 1947 and 1964. The system extends across South Hill and is probably of post-medieval date. Summary from record MMO1067: Extensive banked field system with associated ridge and furrow, probably of post medieval date. The ridge and furrow is very narrow and may be steam ploughed. This system extends across South Hill and is clearly visible on vertical aerial photographs.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Extensive banked field system with associated ridge and furrow, probably of post-medieval date. The ridge and furrow is very narrow and may be steam ploughed. This system extends across South Hill and is clearly visible on vertical aerial photographs. [1-4] The medieval and/or post-medieval field system, described by the previous authority, forms part of a larger system which also extends over Winsford Hill and South Hill. It has been mapped from aerial photographs. [5-7] Extensive area of field banks and plough marks indicating area of formerly farmed land. Covers much of land now indicated as moor. [8] Enclosures also around The Wambarrows. [12] In some places the ridge and furrow lies within enclosures, however in other places the ridge and furrow underlies the enclosures. This would suggest that the ridge and furrow predates the enclosures and that the enclosures were used for grazing livestock rather than cultivation. Where the ridge and furrow does relate to boundaries this is most likely the boundary that would surround a large strip field. Overall the field evidence suggests a change in landscape use from cultivation to pasture land. [15]

Sources/Archives (15)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1944 3160-2 (23 January 1947).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/2082 3032-4 (19 May 1947).
  • <3> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F61) 0269-71 (27 April 1964).
  • <4> Collection: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS93SW.
  • <5> Archive: RCHME: Winsford Hill Project, Somerset. AF1301154.
  • <6> Aerial photograph transcription: DAVIS, JD. Winsford Hill Project/Ink AP Transcription.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Winton, H.. 1999. RCHME/EH Aerial Photographers Comment. 20 December 1999.
  • <8> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 8535, 8634, 8635, 8733, 8735, 8737, 8833, 8834, 8933, 9031-9032, 9132.
  • <9> Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 3344, 3352, 3358, 4354, 9030 and 9130.
  • <10> Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 87. 8631-33.
  • <11> Aerial photograph: ENP MAM IRFC. 12.075 (December 1975).
  • <12> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. M. Aston, Somerset County Council, 7 January 1977.
  • <13> Photograph: February 198. Slide (SCC Planning Department). 3.040.0036-0038.
  • <14> Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 89, 8660 and Run 91, 8696.
  • <15> Report: Smart, C.. 2002. A Study of the Relict Field System on Winsford Hill, Exmoor. P. 18-19.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8880 3337 (5730m by 4077m) (Centred on)
Map sheet SS83SE
Civil Parish WINSFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish WITHYPOOL AND HAWKRIDGE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish DULVERTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish EXTON, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Related Articles (2)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO1067
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11694
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO8576
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 NE49
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 SW97
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1134101
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 974619
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34253

Record last edited

Jun 17 2019 11:02AM

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