MSO8517 - Staddon Hill Camp, Winsford (Monument)

Summary

An Iron Age hillslope enclosure on the north side of Staddon Hill, defined by an outer ditch with two widely spaced outer ramparts on the uphill side. The site is heavily forested.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

(SS 88183768) Camp (NR). [1] Staddon Hill Camp on the lower slope of the north side of Staddon Hill, an enclosure with outer ditch and entrance to the west. About 25 yards to the south of the enclosure is a bank and ditch running east to west for 90 yards. [2] Staddon Hill Camp - univallate hillfort of under 3 acres. [3] Scheduled. [4] Hillslope fort consisting of three enclosures, the outer two of crossbank type. Described as a cross bank enclosure. [5] This is an Iron Age hillslope enclosure with two widely spaced outer ramparts on the uphill side. Except for the western and the southern rampart, which ends near the head of a small combe, the outer ramparts terminate on open ground and not against any natural obstacle. The small bank that Bothamley shows linking the main enclosure with the inner of the southern ramparts is part of a post medieval enclosure bank. (This shows clearly on aerial photographs [7]) Re-surveyed at 1:2500. [6] A small Iron Age hillslope fort on a promontory with associated cross dykes previously unrecorded (Evidently the two outer banks - See [5]; but these are recorded byThe Victoria County History). 'Threatened' (by unspecified danger). [8] Staddon Hill Camp visited by Burrow 30 March 1973. The main enclosure and first bank are under bracken, but the surrounding area is under commercial forestry and the outer bank could not be located. (Burrow misinterprets the Ordnance Survey card, to which he refers, and confuses the description by [6] of the bank running southwest to northeast linking the main enclosure and inner cross bank (shown on Victoria County History plan), with the outer cross bank. In fact he states that the bank running southwest to northeast between the main enclosure and the inner cross bank seems to predate the latter as it continues southwest beyond the cross bank for about 30 metres). The main enclosure has an entrance on the southwest with a slight inturn on the northwest side and a low bank connecting the angle of the inturn with the rear of the inner bank. [9] Whybrow [10] mentions a 'simple cousewayed entrance' apparently original, towards the eastern end of each cross bank, that in the outer crossbank being more doubtful. He also notes that in 1965 the area around the outer crossbank had been afforested, some of the trees actually on the bank itself. [11] (SS 8818 3768) Settlement (NR) [12] Additional Bibliography. [13-16] The earthworks on Staddon Hill were surveyed at 1:1000 scale by RCHME in February 1997. A full report [17] has been archived. [18] Staddon Hill Camp is a ditch and bank defined hill-slope enclosure of probable later prehistoric date centred on circa SS 8819 3770. The enclosure bank is up to 6 metres wide, defining an enclosure up to 50 metres in diameter. The encircling ditch appears to be up to 7 metres wide. The enclosure and two associated outworks are visible on aerial photographs as earthworks. The crossbanks are located approximately 27 and 140 metres to the southwest of the enclosure. A post-medieval field boundary bank, part of an extensive field system visible to the northwest and southeast, runs through the centre of the enclosure and across the inner cross bank. The outer cross bank is incorporated into this later field system. [19-20] Scheduling revised with new national number (was Somerset 164) on 31 July 2004. [28] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the main part of the site a survival score of 10 and the outer rampart a score of 4. [31] The camp has been included in the Exmoor National Park Monument Management Scheme for 2011-12. The site was covered in bracken which was cut in November 2011 with a second cut in July 2012. The site was visited in March 2012 and there was clear evidence of increased grazing. [32] The site was surveyed in June 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. The enclosure was given a survival score of 10 and the outerwork a score of 4. [33]

Sources/Archives (32)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Monograph: Page, W. (editor). 1911. The Victoria History of the County of Somerset. Archibald Constable and Company, Limited (London). 2. P. 504.
  • <3> Monograph: Ordnance Survey. 1962. Ordnance Survey Map of Southern Britain in the Iron Age. Ordnance Survey.
  • <4> Index: Department of the Environment (IAM). 1978. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1978. P. 120.
  • <5> Article in monograph: Fox, A. 1961. South-Western Hillforts. Problems of the Iron Age in Southern Britain. Institute of Archaeology. P. 51.
  • <6> Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 25 August 1965.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . RAF AP CPE/UK/1980 (11 April 1947) 3309-10.
  • <8> Article in monograph: Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, (England). 1963. Monuments threatened or destroyed: a select list: 1956-1962 .
  • <9> Article in serial: Burrow, I.. 1981. Hillfort and Hilltop Settlement in the First to Eighth Centuries AD. British Archaeological Reports. 91. P. 261-2.
  • <10> Article in serial: Whybrow, C. 1967. Some multivallate hillforts on Exmoor and in North Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploratio. 25. P. 6-9.
  • <11> Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. P. 72,79,85-6.
  • <12> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1979. 1:10,000. 1:10,000.
  • <13> Monograph: Burrow, E.J.. 1924. Ancient Earthworks and Camps of Somerset. P. 98.
  • <15> Monograph: Allcroft, A.H.. 1908. Earthwork of England: Prehistoric, Roman, Saxon, Danish, Norman, and Mediaeval. Macmillan (London). P. 206.
  • <16> Article in monograph: Forde-Johnston, J.L.. 1976. Hillforts of the Iron Age in England and Wales: A Survey of the Surface Evidence. Liverpool University Press.
  • <17> Report: Dempsey, J.. 1997. Staddon Hill Camp, Winsford, Somerset.
  • <18> Unpublished document: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Field Investigators Comment. H Riley, R Wilson-North and J Dempsey. 05/02/1997.
  • <19> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 406G/UK/1655 (F20) 3430 (11 July 1946).
  • <20> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. ENPA JAS 85042 037-8 (29 August 1985).
  • <21> Collection: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Exmoor Project.
  • <22> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 NE. MD002192.
  • <23> Survey: Staddon Hill Camp/ink survey . 1:1000. General: Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
  • <24> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 8837.
  • <25> Aerial photograph: April 1947. LHL UK.1980 3309.
  • <26> Aerial photograph: September 19. HSL.UK.71-177 Run 89. 8663.
  • <27> Aerial photograph: 1989. DAP OF5-7.
  • <28> Unpublished document: English Heritage. 21/9/2004. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
  • <29> Photograph: STADDON HILL - IRON AGE HILL SLOPE ENCLOSURE AT WINSFORD. OS63/F375/5. B/W.
  • <30> Technical drawing: Staddon Hill Camp/pencil survey.
  • <31> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <32> Report: Turner, J.. Monument Management Scheme: 2011-12.
  • <33> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8816 3761 (128m by 200m)
Map sheet SS83NE
Civil Parish WINSFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO122
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11658
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 NE4
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35712
  • Scheduled Monument (County Number): SO 164
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34228
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34216

Record last edited

Feb 8 2016 3:04PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.