MSO6838 - Burial Cairn, Roosthitchen (Monument)


A Bronze Age burial cairn (previously identified as a barrow) prominently situated on a north-east facing slope named Roosthitchen, measuring 10m in diameter and 1m high.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

[SS 7219 4014] Tumulus (NR) [1] Exmoor No 1a. A Barrow, 14 paces in diameter and 3.25 feet high, with large stones in and around the circumference. Visited by Grinsell and Charles Whybrow 22nd May 1961. [2] This is a bowl barrow. A few stones protrude from it but they are not part of a retaining circle. See GPs AO/65/129/4 and 5. Published survey (1/2500) revised. [3] No change. Surveyed at 1:2500 on PFD. [4] SS 722 402. Round barrow on Roosthitchen. Scheduled. [5] SS 721191 40151. A round cairn 10 metres in diameter and 1 metre high. Although previously classified as a barrow, several stones protrude from the surface of this turf-covered feature and probing revealed a high content of stone, therefore it would probably be more correctly classified as a cairn. The cairn, first shown as `Tumulus' on the 1888 Ordnance Survey map [6], is prominently situated about 415 metres above sea level on a north-east facing slope, named Roosthitchen [5] in an improved enclosed area which is slowly reverting to rough grassland and heather. The cairn has views from the north-west around to the east but elsewhere the hillslope intervenes. It is built up on the slope and its stony content is evident especially around the lower north-east side. In its southwest quadrant a large quartz boulder appears to have been pulled out of its original hollow and about 7 or 8 smaller stones are evident around it. This is disturbance and not part of a kerb. Another large quartz boulder has rolled down the slope outside the cairn in the north-east. There is no trace of a surrounding dich but a hollow `scoop' (about 9 metres by 7 metres) in the slope to the south-west suggests some material may have come from here. There are several quartz stones scattered about the surrounding area. The cairn, almost certainly a prehistoric burial, is a Scheduled Monument: Somerset No. 370. Surveyed at 1:2500. [7] Round bowl barrow 0.9 metres high and 18 metres across. There are signs of a peristalith for revetment. The barrow is in poor condition. [8] In private ownership. [9] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0. [10] The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 0. [11]

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1969. Somerset Barrows. Part I: West and South. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. P. 32.
  • <3> Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 1 July 1965.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 4 February 1975.
  • <5> Index: Department of the Environment (IAM). 1978. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1978. P. 117.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1888; Somerset 11(1).
  • <7> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1 May 1995.
  • <8> Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records.
  • <10> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <11> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.



Grid reference Centred SS 7219 4014 (18m by 19m)
Map sheet SS74SW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10895
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW6
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35336
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33034

Record last edited

Nov 9 2015 4:35PM


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