MSO6838 - Burial Cairn, Roosthitchen (Monument)

Summary

A Bronze Age burial cairn (previously identified as a barrow) prominently situated on a north-east facing slope named Roosthitchen, measuring 10m in diameter and 1m high.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

[SS 7219 4014] Tumulus (NR) [1] Exmoor No 1a. A Barrow, 14 paces in diameter and 3.25 feet high, with large stones in and around the circumference. Visited by Grinsell and Charles Whybrow 22nd May 1961. [2] This is a bowl barrow. A few stones protrude from it but they are not part of a retaining circle. See GPs AO/65/129/4 and 5. Published survey (1/2500) revised. [3] No change. Surveyed at 1:2500 on PFD. [4] SS 722 402. Round barrow on Roosthitchen. Scheduled. [5] SS 721191 40151. A round cairn 10 metres in diameter and 1 metre high. Although previously classified as a barrow, several stones protrude from the surface of this turf-covered feature and probing revealed a high content of stone, therefore it would probably be more correctly classified as a cairn. The cairn, first shown as `Tumulus' on the 1888 Ordnance Survey map [6], is prominently situated about 415 metres above sea level on a north-east facing slope, named Roosthitchen [5] in an improved enclosed area which is slowly reverting to rough grassland and heather. The cairn has views from the north-west around to the east but elsewhere the hillslope intervenes. It is built up on the slope and its stony content is evident especially around the lower north-east side. In its southwest quadrant a large quartz boulder appears to have been pulled out of its original hollow and about 7 or 8 smaller stones are evident around it. This is disturbance and not part of a kerb. Another large quartz boulder has rolled down the slope outside the cairn in the north-east. There is no trace of a surrounding dich but a hollow `scoop' (about 9 metres by 7 metres) in the slope to the south-west suggests some material may have come from here. There are several quartz stones scattered about the surrounding area. The cairn, almost certainly a prehistoric burial, is a Scheduled Monument: Somerset No. 370. Surveyed at 1:2500. [7] Round bowl barrow 0.9 metres high and 18 metres across. There are signs of a peristalith for revetment. The barrow is in poor condition. [8] In private ownership. [9] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0. [10] The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 0. [11]

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
  • <2> Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1969. Somerset Barrows. Part I: West and South. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. P. 32.
  • <3> Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 1 July 1965.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Fletcher, M.J.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 4 February 1975.
  • <5> Index: Department of the Environment (IAM). 1978. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1978. P. 117.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1888; Somerset 11(1).
  • <7> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1 May 1995.
  • <8> Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records.
  • <10> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <11> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7219 4014 (18m by 19m)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10895
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW6
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35336
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33034

Record last edited

Nov 9 2015 4:35PM

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