MSO6253 - 15th Century churchyard cross in All Saints Churchyard (Building)

Summary

An early 15th Century cross with mid 19th Century calvary near the south porch of All Saints' Church. It may have been moved from its original site within the churchyard.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

[SS 9381 4342] Remains of an early 15th Century cross situated to the west of the south porch of Wootton Courtenay church. They consist of the calvary, socket and part of the shaft. The socket is unusually fine, 1 foot 8 inches in height and square in plan, and ornamented with small recessed panels with bold mouldings. The shaft is a square tapering monolith on two sides of which there are indications of weather-worn sculpture. The steps are octagonal and modern. [1] The cross, at SS 9382 4341, is as described by Pooley (see [2]). Surveyed at 1:2500. A painting of the church in 1821 shows the cross, apparently on its original steps, standing south-east of the porch at SS 9383 4342. [3] Remains of churchyard cross, Grade II*, Wootton Courtenay Village. In the churchyard about 18 metres south of nave, Church of All Saints. Early 15th century, mid 19th century calvary. Ham stone. A Buckler drawing of 1839 shows shields in the recessed panels and Pooley refers to the remains of sculpture on 2 sides of the shaft. There are no longer any trace of these (for full description see list). [4] The original cross-head is missing. The socket stone is square in plan with elaborate mouldings and recessed panels and the shaft tapers from a now rounded worn square base. The recessed panels were originally decorated with moulded shields, and two sides of the shaft has indications of weather-worn sculpture. These ornamentations are no longer visible. The cross is well maintained and in good condition, however it has been removed from its original setting and largely restored during the 19th Century so therefore is not recommended for scheduling. [5] The building was visited in May 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 4A. [6] The cross is built of Ham Hill stone and originally dated to the early 15th Century, although the three stage Calvary is a mid 19th Century restoration. It has an unusually fine socket base and recessed panels with moulded surrounds. [7] The location of the cross is recorded on 2018 MasterMap data. [8] The 2018 Conservation Area Appraisal contains a similar description to that written in 2003 [7]. [9] Savage writes in 1830 that the churchyard contains "the remains of a stone cross, with two rows of steps and an ornamented sculptured base." [10]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Monograph: Pooley, C.. 1877. An historical and descriptive account of the old stone crosses of Somerset. 10-11 illustration.
  • <2> Photograph: REMAINS OF 15TH CENTURY CHURCHYARD CROSS AT WOOTTON COURTENAY FROM EAST. OS65/F140/5. B/W. MICROFILM.
  • <3> Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 15 June 1965.
  • <4> Index: Department of the Environment. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest . HHR: West Somerset District (Carhampton et al) Somerset (5 June 1985) 67.
  • <5> Unpublished document: English Heritage. Various. Designation Documentation. MPPA Jackie Duck, 17 July 2002.
  • <6> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <7> Report: Fisher, J.. 2003. Wootton Courtenay: Conservation Area Character Appraisal. 11, illustration 11.
  • <8>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap. [Mapped feature: #41256 ]
  • <9> Report: Pratt, N.. 2018. Wootton Courtenay Conservation Area: appraisal document. 34, illustration 35.
  • <10> Monograph: Savage, J.. 1830. A History of the Hundred of Carhampton.

Map

Location

Grid reference SS 9382 4341 (point)
Map sheet SS94SW
Civil Parish WOOTTON COURTENAY, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (4A): 444/6/121
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10629
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO12028
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SW12
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36990
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 31108
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34838

Record last edited

Sep 3 2019 1:36PM

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