MSO12106 - Castle Mill Bridge, Mill Lane, Dunster (Building)


A mid to late 18th Century bridge, built by HF Luttrell to replace a medieval bridge over the River Avill.

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Mid/late 18th century; picturesque bridge built by HF Luttrell (of Dunster Castle) to replace medieval mill bridge over River Avill. Brick and stone. Two pointed arches. Low brick parapet south side. Parapet to north side raised but damaged. Rock faced rusticated voussoirs. [1] English Heritage Listed Building Number: 264701. First Listed on 04/08/1983. [2] An eighteenth century bridge spanning the River Avill in the grounds of Dunster Castle lies at SS 9916 4333, 200m upstream from the Palladian bridge (SS 94 SE 103). The bridge is built in a "rustic" style, designed to be viewed from the north. The double-arched span curves over the river, and a waterfall and island have been created downstream. The bridge is built of local stone with a brick capping. A brick seat is built into the parapet. The northern side is faced with undressed stone and pebbles to create a rustic effect; the southern face is plain. The bridge takes a footpath over the river and out of the Castle grounds towards the Deer Park. It was designed by Richard Phelps, and is part of the 18th century enhancement of the grounds of Dunster Castle, for H F Luttrell. [3] The 2002 Conservation Area Character Assessment states that "at the end of Mill Lane within the grounds of Dunster Park is a mid-late 18th century river bridge built by the Luttrells “to replace a medieval mill bridge over the River Avill.”. It is in a picturesque style built of brick and stone with parapets, two pointed arches with rock-faced rusticated voussoirs." [4] The building was visited in April 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 5A. [5] The building is depicted and labelled "FB" (footbridge) on 2018 MasterMap data. [6] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [7] The building is mentioned in the 2018 Conservation Area Appraisal for Dunster. [8]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Index: 4/8/1983. Twenty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. District of West Somerset (Somerset).
  • <2> Unassigned: Webster CJ, Historic Environment Record. 2005. Staff Comments, Somerset County Council.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1998.
  • <4> Report: Fisher, J.. 2002. Dunster Conservation Area Character Appraisal. Exmoor National Park Authority. p23.
  • <5> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <6>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap. [Mapped feature: #39189 ]
  • <7> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1145573, Extant 19 May 2022.
  • <8> Report: Pratt, N. and Thurlow, T.. 2018. Dunster Conservation Area: appraisal document. Exmoor National Park Authority. p 74, 93, Figure 81.

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 26/4/69
  • Local List Status (Rejected)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE104
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1145573
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34969



Grid reference Centred SS 9916 4333 (15m by 7m)
Map sheet SS94SE

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Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Related Articles (1)

Record last edited

Sep 5 2022 2:15PM


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