MSO10778 - West Lynch Farmhouse (Building)

Summary

A medieval farmhouse dating from the 16th Century or earlier. Its interior is said to contain five jointed cruck roof trusses, three with smoke-blackening, suggesting an original open hall house.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Farmhouse. Late medieval, enlarged C16, subsequently ceiled, refenestrated mid C19 Roughcast rubble, triple ridge tile roof, stone stacks left and right gable ends, and large central lateral stack. Plan: double ended open hall house, solar apparently single storey with partition, then ceiled with stair turret on rear elevation. Two storeys, 2:1 bays, first floor 2-light casements, ground floor C19 2-light trefoil headed casements, door inserted between first and second bays left, end bay right 3-light mullioned and transomed window with depressed 4-centred arched head and floral decoration to spandrels, possibly late C15-early C16, wooden lancet with diamond head to former stair at gable end, semi-circular headed chamfered door frame, ribbed door. Rear elevation said to have similar doorframe with ogee-headed lancet to remains of stair turret. Interior not seen, said to contain 5 pairs of cruck trusses, remains of stud and panel screen to right of cross passage with 2 and a half lateral beams with hollow moulded chamfered and step and runout stops, other beams axial. The proximity of the chapel (qv) would suggest that this was a house of some importance. (VAG Report, unpublished SRO, October 1980). [1] English Heritage Listed Building Number: 265552. First Listed on 22/05/1969. [2] Open hall. Stone, Render, roughcast and pebbledash walls. Cruck, Gabled roof [3] The 2003 conservation area appraisal for Bossington and West Lynch states that the doorframe of the farmhouse has "massive oak frames... jointed with pegs or chamfered with stops", possibly giving it a medieval date. It advises the farmhouse "is probably the earliest domestic building in the conservation area" and goes on to say that "owned by the National Trust, West Lynch Farm probably dates from the 16th century or earlier. There are five jointed cruck roof trusses, three with smoke-blackening, indicating an original open plan hall house. The heavy pegged door frame with semi-circular chamfered head and adjoining timber mullion and transom with four-centre arch head and floral decoration to spandrels is possibly late 15th – early 16th century. The tall front lateral stack with circular stone shaft, rear stair turret and ceiled interior were probably added in the late 16th –early 17th century." [4] The building was visited in March 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6. [5] A structure is visible on the 1841 Selworthy Tithe map at this location. [6] The building is shown on the 2020 MasterMap data. [7]

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Index: 2/1/1986. Thirty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest, District of West Somerset (Somerset)/Exmoor National Park.
  • <2> Unassigned: Webster CJ, Historic Environment Record. 2005. Staff Comments, Somerset County Council.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Somerset County Council. Various. Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Fisher, J.. 2003. Bossington & West Lynch Conservation Area Character Appraisal. p8, 9, 13.
  • <5> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <6> Map: 1841. Selworthy Tithe Map and Apportionment.
  • <7>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #39065 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 900 476 (18m by 28m) (MasterMap)
Map sheet SS94NW
Civil Parish SELWORTHY, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (7)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 1076/22/138
  • Coastal Risk 2014: Flood Zone 3 fluvial
  • Coastal Risk 2016: Flood Zone 2 fluvial
  • Coastal Risk 2016: Flood Zone 3 fluvial
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 NW
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NBR Index Number: 44345
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 524337
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 524338
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 524339
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 524340
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 524341
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 524343
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 527342
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 31278

Record last edited

Jan 4 2021 11:48AM

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