MMO2798 - Medieval or post-medieval trackway south of Castle Common (Monument)

Summary

A trackway of probable medieval or post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. It may in fact be a connecting road from Bratton Fleming, or part of one of several trackways previously recorded.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Irregular linear depressions indicate the former course of a trackway, which shows well on aerial photographs taken in 1947 and 1977. [1-3] A trackway of probable medieval or post-medieval date is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks south of Castle Common, Brayford. Beginning at approximately SS 7077 3865 and continuing as far as SS 7124 3907 where it fades from view, the trackway is visible as a series of interweaving ruts and hollows. It runs approximately east to west, roughly along the same route as the Porlock to Banstaple bridleway (see MMO307) shown on the 1816 map of Exmoor reproduced in Orwin. The modern road past Shoulsbarrow Castle cuts through the trackway, indicating the trackway is substantially earlier in date. The trackway strongly resembles the "ancient trackways" recorded around the edge of the former Royal Forest of Exmoor, several of which can be seen in the vicinity (see MMO505 and MMO307) and may in fact be a connecting road from Bratton Fleming, or part of one of the trackways previously recorded, such as the Porlock to Barnstaple route. However, it is not depicted on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1889, as many of the routes are, indicating it had been replaced or removed some time prior to this date. [4-7] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [8]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/CPE/UK/1980.3444 (April 1947).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAM/14/051 (May 1977).
  • <3> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS7138d.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F63) 180-81 (27 April 1964).
  • <5> Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. Map, facing p20.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <7>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NW. MD002189. [Mapped feature: #43202 ]
  • <8> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1484779, Extant 1 December 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7101 3886 (476m by 436m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS73NW
Civil Parish BRAYFORD, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 17830
  • Devon SMR: SS73NW/554
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20444
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NW138
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1484779

Record last edited

Dec 1 2021 11:44AM

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