MMO2305 - Post-medieval peat cutting on Dure Down (Monument)

Summary

A large area of peat cutting, of probable post medieval date, is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A large area of peat cutting, of probable post-medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Dure Down, Exmoor, covering an area of approximately 16 hectares. The earthworks are centred on approximately SS 7585 4134 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square pits measuring 5 to 6 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved pits up to 110 metres across. Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until very recently, and may continue in places. Similar areas are visible to the north on Exe Plain and to the east on The Warren. It is not clear whether the peat was used for domestic fuel or for turfing enclosure walls. [1-4] A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. [5]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3154-55 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Monograph: Burton, R.A.. 1989. The Heritage of Exmoor. Roger A. Burton. PP. 232-33.
  • <3> Monograph: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Field Archaeology of Exmoor. English Heritage. P. 143.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183. [Mapped feature: #38789 ]
  • <5> Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7581 4136 (997m by 402m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SE
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE154
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1475418

Record last edited

Oct 6 2020 1:08PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.