MMO2162 - Post-medieval peat cutting on Furzehill Common (Monument)

Summary

A large area of post-medieval peat cutting is visible as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Furzehill Common. The cuttings were most likely abandoned in the late 19th or 20th Century.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A large area of peat cutting, of probable post-medieval date, is visible on aerial photographs as numerous small pits and irregular earthworks on Furzehill Common, Lynton and Lynmouth, covering an area of approximately 7 hectares. The earthworks are centred on SS 736 447 and are of a variety of shapes and sizes, from square pits measuring 3 metres across, to less regularly shaped, curved pits up to 55 metres across. Due to the vast number of pits visible on aerial photographs, only a representative sample has been transcribed, indicating distribution and form. Peat cutting is known to have continued on Exmoor until vary recently, and may continue in places. A similar area is visible to the south (see MMO2161). [1-3] A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72314 280-81 (16 August 1972).
  • <2> Monograph: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Field Archaeology of Exmoor. English Heritage. 47, 143.
  • <3> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182.
  • <4> Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7356 4482 (278m by 220m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW193
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1470609

Record last edited

Jan 22 2018 11:41AM

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