MMO2144 - Post-medieval drainage ditches above Short Combe (Monument)

Summary

An area of complex post-medieval drainage ditches are visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. They may date to the 19th Century. Several of the ditches appear to be associated with field banks and ditches (MMO2145).

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

An area of complex post-medieval drainage ditches are visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks on moorland above Short Combe to the north of Goat Hill, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7285 4092 on both sides of a steep west facing valley above Short Combe, the ditches cover an area of approximately 8 hectares. They are similar in form and size to the parallel "herring-bone" pattern ditches seen elsewhere in the area, which are believed to date to the Knight family improvement of the area in the 19th Century. A large number of these "herring-bone ditches" were cut across large areas of Exmoor, particularly in the years after Frederic Winn Knight took over the estate in 1845. Several of the ditches appear to be associated with field banks, and it may be that this was a planned area of enclosure which was never completed, possibly related to Driver or Pinkery Farms. The field banks have been recorded separately as MMO2145. None of the features are depicted on the 1st or 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey maps. [1-6]

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3148-49 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. pp 38-39.
  • <3> Monograph: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Field Archaeology of Exmoor. English Heritage. pp 138-39.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1904.
  • <6>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182. [Mapped feature: #32917 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7279 4090 (292m by 260m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW176
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1470355

Record last edited

Feb 14 2021 5:58PM

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