MMO1716 - World War Two military activity on Scob Hill (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
Two groups of linear mounds (one at SS 7569 4631 and one at SS7547 4650) are on the northwest side of Shilstone Hill and visible on aerial photographs. World War Two military training site? [1-3] Also visible on 1946 aerial photograph.  The ranges on Exmoor were used initially by the British, including chemical warfare units, and from 1943 by the US Artillery.  Bomb craters and linear earthworks of Second World War date can be seen on aerial photographs of the 1940s, centred on circa SS 7551 4641, on Scob Hill, Brendon parish. Numerous small craters with a diameter of 2 metres or less were probably created during the test firing of rockets on the firing range in this area (MSO7776). As upcast does not surround these craters this would indicate the impact of non explosive projectiles. Larger, roughly circular features of up to 10 metres diameter, centred on circa SS 7552 4654, may be evidence of larger impacts. However, they are somewhat irregularly shaped, oddly arranged, and demonstrate little evidence of upcast spoil which would indicate explosive impact. It is possible they are associated with linear earthworks immediately to the southwest and roughly 200 metres to the south. These linear features, possibly surface marks or shallow ditches, are very regularly arranged and may be evidence of military training with, or testing of, chemical weapons. Similar features can be seen to the east at SS 75 97 and SS 7848 4679. [1, 6-7] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3046-7 (11 April 1947).
- <2> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAM/13/054 (May 1977).
- <3> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS7546A.
- <4> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1655/3079 (11 July 1946).
- <5> SEM7682 Report: Wilson-North, R.. 1995. A Second World War Structure on Brendon Common.
- <6> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3321-2 (13 May 1946).
- <7>XY SMO7551 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168. [Mapped feature: #33100 ]
- <8> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1461294, Extant 8 December 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7557 4641 (356m by 371m) Aerial Survey|
|Civil Parish||BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (6)
- Part of: Exmoor firing range (Monument) (MSO7776)
- Related to: Possible World War Two features on Malmesmead Hill (Monument) (MMO1707)
- Related to: Possible World War Two military earthworks on Malmsmead Hill (Monument) (MMO1708)
- Related to: World War Two impact craters northeast of Cheriton Ridge (Monument) (MMO1913)
- Related to: World War Two military training earthworks on Shilstone Hill (Monument) (MMO1712)
- Related to: World War Two military training earthworks on Tarr Ball Hill (Monument) (MMO2271)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1461294 (Pastscape entry: 1461294)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 18112
- Devon SMR: SS74NE/533
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20761
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NE102
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1461294
Record last edited
Dec 8 2021 11:44AM
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