MMO1716 - World War Two military activity on Scob Hill (Monument)

Summary

Bomb craters and linear earthworks probably arising from Second World War military training activities can be seen on aerial photographs of the 1940s.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Two groups of linear mounds (one at SS 7569 4631 and one at SS7547 4650) are on the northwest side of Shilstone Hill and visible on aerial photographs. World War Two military training site? [1-3] Also visible on 1946 aerial photograph. [4] The ranges on Exmoor were used initially by the British, including chemical warfare units, and from 1943 by the US Artillery. [5] Bomb craters and linear earthworks of Second World War date can be seen on aerial photographs of the 1940s, centred on circa SS 7551 4641, on Scob Hill, Brendon parish. Numerous small craters with a diameter of 2 metres or less were probably created during the test firing of rockets on the firing range in this area (MSO7776). As upcast does not surround these craters this would indicate the impact of non explosive projectiles. Larger, roughly circular features of up to 10 metres diameter, centred on circa SS 7552 4654, may be evidence of larger impacts. However, they are somewhat irregularly shaped, oddly arranged, and demonstrate little evidence of upcast spoil which would indicate explosive impact. It is possible they are associated with linear earthworks immediately to the southwest and roughly 200 metres to the south. These linear features, possibly surface marks or shallow ditches, are very regularly arranged and may be evidence of military training with, or testing of, chemical weapons. Similar features can be seen to the east at SS 75 97 and SS 7848 4679. [1, 6-7] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [8]

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3046-7 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAM/13/054 (May 1977).
  • <3> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS7546A.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1655/3079 (11 July 1946).
  • <5> Report: Wilson-North, R.. 1995. A Second World War Structure on Brendon Common.
  • <6> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3321-2 (13 May 1946).
  • <7>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168. [Mapped feature: #33100 ]
  • <8> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1461294, Extant 8 December 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7557 4641 (356m by 371m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS74NE
Civil Parish BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (6)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 18112
  • Devon SMR: SS74NE/533
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20761
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NE102
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1461294

Record last edited

Dec 8 2021 11:44AM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.