MDE1274 - Possible prehistoric enclosure on Badgworthy Hill (Monument)

Summary

A circular enclosure measuring 13 metres in diameter defined by a turf covered stony bank 3 metres wide and 0.4 metres high. It has an entrance on the southern side of 1.4 metres.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

At SS 7889 4373, on an exposed ridge, is a circular heather covered bank of earth, 4.0 metres wide overall and 0.3 metres high, with a 2.0 metre wide gap in the south. The interior, at natural ground level, is 13.5 metres in diameter and featureless. Clearly visible on the aerial photograph, this is possibly an enclosed cremation ceremony. Surveyed at 1:2500 on PFD. [1,2] Centred at SS 7889 4373 are the remains of a circular enclosure, measuring 13 metres in diameter. It is defined by a turf covered stony bank 3 metres wide and 0.4 metres high. An entrance 1.4 metres wide, with well defined terminals, is visible on the southern side; the eastern terminal has several stones within it, possibly suggesting a completely collapsed revetment or wall. The interior is featureless, and is now covered in tussocky grass. The date and purpose of the feature are uncertain, but it is likely to be of prehistoric date. [3] The enclosure described above is clearly visible on aerial photographs as a circular earthwork. Several other prehistoric monuments can be seen within a 500 metre radius of this monument, including two similar circular enclosures. Numerous impact craters are visible in the immediate vicinity of these monuments, presumably related to the Second World War Exmoor Firing Range, and indicating that the monuments may have suffered some damage. [5,6] A good hut circle on level ground with well defined entrance. Fairly even walls which measure 0.2 metres high. [7]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Aerial photograph reference number . OS 73/087/680.
  • <2> Unpublished document: Quinnell, N.V.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 8 September 1976.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 26 April 1994.
  • <4> Technical drawing: Carpenter. Badgworthy Environs/pencil survey.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73087 679-80 (17 April 1973).
  • <6> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.
  • <7> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. Reference SS7843a.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF/CPE/UK/1980 3072 (April 1947).
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1977-1978. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography.
  • <10> Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Record Card. SS 74 SE 31.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7889 4373 (20m by 20m) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS74SE
Civil Parish BRENDON, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR (Devonshire): SS74SE/23
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 12285
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20357
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO88
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE31
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35296

Record last edited

Jul 19 2016 3:08PM

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