Historic Environment Record images

MSO6736 - Almsworthy Common Hut Circle

ENPHER Number:MSO6736
Name:Almsworthy Common Hut Circle
Type of Record:Monument
Grid Reference:SS 840 417
Parish:EXFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record caveat document.

Summary

A well-preserved prehistoric hut circle on Almsworthy Common. It is unusual on Exmoor because of its size, massive construction, and unusually elevated position.

Images

Almsworthy Common Hut Circle. 2006  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Almsworthy Common Hut Circle. 2006 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting  © Aerial-Cam

Almsworthy Common Stone Setting © Aerial-Cam

Monument Types

  • HUT CIRCLE (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC (Unclassified))

Designated Status: none recorded

Description

One of the best preserved hut circles recorded on Exmoor to date lies beside the track on Almsworthy Common approximately 60 metres west of the enclosure at SS 84104180 (SS 84 SW 50). The internal diameter is 10 metres, the external diameter is 14 metres and the site is levelled into the hill slope with the walls between 0.30 and 0.40 metres high. There is a well defined entrance on the south side. Several low, stone mounds are in the area. (1)

Centred at SS 8404 4177 is a prehistoric hut circle. It is 15.3 metres in overall diameter (11 metres bank centre to bank centre) and has been massively terraced, by 0.9 metres, into the hillslope on its upper (north-eastern) side. It is defined by a bank 4.1 metres wide, within which the internal area forms a level platform 7 metres in diameter.The south-western, lower, side of the hut circle has been destroyed by a well-used vehicle track, and the entrance was presumably in this area of destruction. The hut circle is unusual on Exmoor, because of its size, massive construction, and unusually elevated position (442 metres above OD).Surveyed at 1:2500 scale. (2)

The hut circle has been transcribed from aerial photographs as part of the Exmoor National Mapping Programme survey. The accurate rectification of the best available aerial photographs places the hut circle at circa SS 83954182, approximately 70 metres to the west of the enclosure (MSO6735)The south-facing entrance to the hut circle is clearly visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s and is still apparent in 1952, despite the significant damage summarised above. It may be associated with two similarly sized hut circles interpreted as forming an unenclosed settlement associated with a field system on Wellshead Allotment, approximately 400 metres to the south-west. (3-5)


<1> Burrow, I., Minnitt, S. + Murless, B., 1980, Somerset Archaeology 1979, P.119 (Article in serial). SSO858.


<2> Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, Field Investigators Comment, Wilson-North, R. 16/11/1995 (Unpublished document). SMO5111.


<3> Royal Air Force, 1946 -1948, Vertical Aerial Photography, 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 4197-8. 13/05/1946 (Aerial photograph). SEM6707.


<4> Vertical Aerial Photograph, NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 3097-3098. 08/11/1952 (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.


<5> 2007-2009, Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW (Archive). SMO7567.

Related Pages

Other References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO184
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11284
  • Local List Status (Unassessed)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW51
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36310
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33626
Date Last Edited:Nov 1 2011 12:04PM

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