Source/Archive record SEM8317 - Little Hangman and Challacombe Common, Exmoor National Park: Two possible earlier Neolithic enclosures on western Exmoor

Type Report
Title Little Hangman and Challacombe Common, Exmoor National Park: Two possible earlier Neolithic enclosures on western Exmoor
Author/Originator
Date/Year 2016
Historic England Report Series Number 6-2016
Digital Object Identifier 10.5284/1040547

Abstract/Summary

Little Hangman lies on the north-western edge of Exmoor National Park, within the parish of Combe Martin, Devon. The hill is a significant local landscape feature with a distinctive conical shape and dramatic coastal position. An enclosure on Little Hangman was discovered during the Exmoor National Mapping Programme (NMP) survey. It was interpreted as a prehistoric enclosure and tentatively ascribed to the Neolithic period. Given its potential importance, in 2009 English Heritage’s former Archaeological Survey and Investigation team (Exeter), at the request of the National Trust Regional Archaeologist and the Exmoor National Park Archaeologist, carried out an analytical earthwork survey and photographic record of the site and undertook research to establish its chronological and cultural context. Morphologically, the enclosure on Little Hangman shares many characteristics with two hilltop monument types found in South West England: Neolithic tor enclosures and Cornish ‘cliff castles’, promontory forts usually attributed to later prehistory. This report combines the evidence from Little Hangman with the results of rapid survey work looking at another Exmoor enclosure - a small rectangular enclosure on Challacombe Common - to suggest that the western part of Exmoor was important in the landscape of the earlier Neolithic period in the South West.

External Links (1)

Referenced Monuments (5)

  • 18th or 19th Century mine workings on northern slopes of Little Hangman (Monument)
  • 19th Century enclosure bank southeast of Little Hangman (Monument)
  • Mortuary enclosure east of the Chapman Barrows (Monument)
  • Prehistoric tor enclosure on Little Hangman (Monument)
  • West Challacombe Farm (Building)

Referenced Events (2)

Record last edited

Feb 14 2021 6:05PM