MSO9409 - Gallox Packhorse Bridge, Dunster (Building)
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Type and Period (1)
[SS 9895 4321] Gallox Bridge [NR].  Gallox Bridge, Dunster, on the River Avill, is a packhorse bridge with two slightly pointed arches and a roadway width of approximately 3 feet 3 inches.  Scheduled.  The bridge is as described above .  Gallox Bridge, Grade I, Park Street. Possibly 15th century, narrow stone packhorse bridge. Possibly 15th century. Narrow stone packhorse bridge on two arches, central cutwater to west side. Stone parapets, parapet on one side bordering the approach footpath. (For full description see list.).  Additional bibliography.  A packhorse bridge which spans the River Avill on the southern outskirts of Dunster. It has a roadway width of 1.2 metres, a total width of 1.9 metres amd is 13.5 metres long. It has two arches which are slightly pointed and have double arch rings. The bridge leads to a causeway skirting a ford on the north side. It is still used as a public footbridge, and is a survivor of the simple type of stone bridge to be found in the West Country and elsewhere. It is reputed to be of 15th century date. The bridge is Scheduled and Listed Grade I. It is in the care of the Secretary of State. [7?] Bridge length 10.5 metres and 1.2 metres wide. The two arches are slightly pointed and have double arch rings. Each side has four narrow chamfered ribs. There is a cut-water on the upstream side only. The bridge leads to a causeway skirting a ford on the north side.  Scheduled area revised with new national number on 28 June 1996, was Somerset 149.  The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0.  The bridge is included within Dunster's Conservation Area.  The building was visited in September 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6.  The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 8.  The structure is depicted at SS 9895 4322 on 2018 MasterMap data. It is labelled "Gallox Bridge".  Visitor information.  Includes a brief accessible overview of Gallox Bridge for visitors; it also notes the former names of "Gallows Bridge", "Gallocks Bridge", "Galloxbrigge" or "Toddebrigge" (the last name being the oldest).  The site was photographed by the RCHME in 1999.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project.  The building is mentioned in the 2018 Conservation Area Appraisal for Dunster.  The building is mentioned in a publication on the industrial archaeology of Somerset. 
- <1> SMO5112 Map: Ordnance Survey. Various. Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) . 6 inch / 1928-38.
- <2> SSO1953 Monograph: Thompson, W.H.. 1934. Somerset Regional Survey. 57.
- <3> SEM7745 Index: Ministry of Works. 1961. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales. P. 84.
- <4> SMO5103 Unpublished document: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comments. 26 May 1965.
- <5> SSO691 Index: 4/8/1983. Twenty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. District of West Somerset (Somerset).
- <6> SMO5764 Monograph: Jervoise, E.. 1930. The Ancient Bridges of the South of England. Architectural Press. P. 114.
- <7> SSO1155 Unpublished document: English Heritage. 4.7.1996. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
- <8> SMO1232 Photograph: Pitcher, S.. 1965. GALLOX BRIDGE - POSSIBLE 15TH CENTURY PACKHORSE BRIDGE AT DUNSTER, FROM NORTH EAST. OS65/F124/3. B/W.
- <9> SSO1247 Report: Various. Various. Field Monument Warden Report. Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission.
- <10> SMO4073 Unpublished document: Various. Scheduled Monument Notification . 28 June 1996.
- <11> SEM7402 Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park. Exmoor National Park Authority.
- <12> SEM7910 Report: Fisher, J.. 2002. Dunster Conservation Area Character Appraisal. Exmoor National Park Authority. p19.
- <13> SEM8060 Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
- <14> SEM8278 Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015. Archaedia.
- <15>XY SEM8545 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap. [Mapped feature: #41250 ]
- <16> SEM341114 Serial: English Heritage. 1998. The English Heritage Visitors' Handbook 1998-99. p74.
- <17> SEM341115 Monograph: Carter, K. (Ed.). 2004. Heritage Unlocked: Guide to free sites in Devon, Dorset and Somerset. English Heritage. pp 64-65.
- <18> SEM341116 Photograph: Hesketh-Roberts, M.. 1999. Job: Gallox Bridge. Colour. Negative.
- <19> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 36854, Extant 16 May 2022.
- <20> SEM8697 Report: Pratt, N. and Thurlow, T.. 2018. Dunster Conservation Area: appraisal document. Exmoor National Park Authority. p 74, 94, 95, Figure 80.
- <21> SEM8738 Monograph: Daniel, P. (Ed.). 2019. A guide to the industrial archaeology of Somerset. Association for Industrial Archaeology. 2nd Edition. p 69, W15.4.
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=36854 (Original Monarch entry: 36854)
- 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 26/4/73
- English Heritage Property Number: 259
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11991
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO12110
- Guardianship Monument
- Guardianship Number: 194
- Listed Building List Entry UID: 264705
- Local Heritage List Status (Rejected)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE3
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NBR Index Number: 99/01218
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 36854
- Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34621
- Somerset SMR PRN: 34973
|Grid reference||Centred SS 299e 1432 (16m by 33m)|
|Civil Parish||DUNSTER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
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Record last edited
Sep 4 2023 10:16AM
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