MSO8965 - Smoky Bottom Level (Monument)


"Smoky Bottom level, disused" is marked on the Ordnance Survey 25" map of 1904. Little is known of its history. Three small enclosures and a cluster of narrow linear depressions are visible on aerial photographs taken in 1947.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

"Smoky Bottom level, disused" is marked on the 6" and 25" maps. It was one of the Brendon Hills Iron Ore Company mines, likely to have been an adit, but little is known of its history. Low banks making three small enclosures with a cluster of narrow linear depressions were noted on aerial photographs. [1-7] The site of Smoky Bottom Level is in a valley bottom, now used for rough pasture. No surface indications of the mine could be seen. [8] The site has been levelled by ploughing and spoil removed for hardcore. Water issuing from the adit is piped to the stream about 100 metres to the south. [9] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [10]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560. SS93NE.
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. County Series; 2nd Edition (1st Revision) 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1904, 58(1).
  • <3> Monograph: Sellick, R.. 1970. The West Somerset Mineral Railway and the Story of the Brendon Hills Iron Mines. David and Charles Limited. Second.
  • <4> Monograph: Bryant T.C. 1980. The Hollow Hills of Brendon. 6.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: 1947. LHL CPE/UK/1980. 3337.
  • <6> Archive: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS 93 NE. AF1133887.
  • <7> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 9735.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Various. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, March 1999.
  • <9> Report: Jones, M.H.. 1995. Report on Proposed Low-Key Visitor Access to Industrial Sites on the Brendon Hills. P.15.
  • <10> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1127755, Extant 19 April 2022.



Grid reference Centred SS 978 350 (59m by 112m)
Map sheet SS93NE

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11085
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 NE40
  • National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1127755
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33382

Record last edited

Apr 19 2022 4:20PM


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