MSO8867 - Post-medieval lime kilns at Brendon Hill (Monument)


Two limekilns on Brendon Hill. They are assumed to have been in operation in the second half of the 19th Century at the same time as the ironstone mining in the vicinity.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

ST 0199 3415. Two limekilns, Brendon Hill. Seen as stone foundations and mapped from aerial photographs. A trackway connects the limekilns to the road to the south east, and on the north side of the kilns is an embankment, which presumably had a siding on it in order to link the kilns with the West Somerset Mineral Railway. The limekilns situation suggests they were in operation at the same time as surrounding ironstone mining in the second half of the nineteenth century. [1,2] Derelict lime kilns located to the west side of the Bampton Road Stores site. [3] 'Old Limekilns' printed on the Ordnance Survey first edition Ordnance Survey map of 1888. A railway siding ran to the kilns from the top of the incline but this is not depicted. [4,5] They survive in good condition. A well developed track leads southwards from the kilns to the road, presumably used for transporting raw materials and final product. [6] The remains of a double-block limekiln built into an artificial embankment lie at ST 0199 3415. The top of the kiln was accessed via a siding from the WSMR. [9] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [10] The lime kilns are mentioned in a publication on the industrial archaeology of Somerset. [11]

Sources/Archives (12)

  • --- Unpublished document: Exmoor National Park Authority. 2024. Exmoor Local Heritage List assessed by the Panel on 21 February 2024.
  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/70387 499-500 (25 September 1970).
  • <2> Collection: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, ST 03 SW.
  • <3> Report: The Hartley Conservation Partnership + David Sekers Consulting Partnership. 2004. West Somerset Mineral Railway Conservation Plan. P.37.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1854-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
  • <5> Monograph: Sellick R. 1970. The West Somerset Mineral Railway. 31.
  • <6> Report: Croft, R.A.. 1992. The West Somerset Mineral Railway Research Design. p5.
  • <7> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1904. 25" sheet. 58(3).
  • <8> Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1962. 6" ST03SW.
  • <9> Report: Holley, S.. 1997. An Investigation of Limekilns on Exmoor for the Purposes of Conservation.
  • <10> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 975391, Updated 31 May 2022.
  • <11> Monograph: Daniel, P. (Ed.). 2019. A guide to the industrial archaeology of Somerset. Association for Industrial Archaeology. 2nd Edition. p 66, W5.2.

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO435
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11118
  • Local Heritage List Status (Candidate)
  • National Monuments Record reference: ST 03 SW27
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 975391
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33416



Grid reference Centred ST 302e 1341 (49m by 86m)
Map sheet ST31SW

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (2)

Record last edited

Mar 4 2024 4:46PM


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