MSO8850 - Hurscombe Deserted Farmstead, Brompton Regis (Monument)

Summary

Hurscombe deserted medieval farmstead is now largely flooded by the Wimbleball reservoir. Evidence of occupation through excavation extends back to the 13th century.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Hurscombe, Brompton Regis. SS 976323. In the Autumn of 1977, Peter Leach carried out excavations for CRAAGS (the Committee for Rescue Archaeology in Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset) at the deserted farm site of Hurscombe, in advance of flooding by the Wimbleball reservoir. The 18th/19th century buildings had been much demolished before they could be recorded and much of the area of earthworks disturbed. Surviving earthworks were surveyed and details of 17th and 18th century outhouse foundations and enclosure boundaries were revealed. A single linear field bank is visible to the north of the main area of settlement and may still survive, being outside the area of flooding. The existence of the farm is implied in the 1327 Lay Subsidy and the excavation, while not finding substantial foundations of buildings, showed occupation extending back to the 13th century. Finds are to be deposited in the Somerset County Museum, Taunton. [1-4] Adam de Herclescombe is mentioned in the 1327 and 1334 Lay subsidy. [3] Only a hollow way remains. [5] This area was looked at during the Brendon Hills Mapping Project and the deserted farm site was clearly visible on vertical air photographs. [7] A small enclosure is shown on the 6 inch Ordnance Survey map. [10] Several buildings are marked as 'Hurscombe cottages' on the 1st and 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey maps. [11] The Brompton Regis Tithe Map shows a row of cottages and some outbuildings in the earthwork enclosures. [13]

Sources/Archives (16)

  • <1> Article in serial: Aston, M. A. + Murless, B.J.. 1977/1978. Somerset Archaeology 1977. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 122. P.136.
  • <2> Article in serial: 1978. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 12. P.117.
  • <3> Monograph: Dickenson, F.H.. 1889. Kirby's Quest for Somerset. Somerset Record Society. Series 3. P.177.
  • <4> Article in serial: Leach, P.A.. 1982. Deserted Farm in the Brendon Hills. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 126. P.43-60 plan, photo, illustration.
  • <5> Article in serial: Aston, M.. 1983. Deserted Farmsteads on Exmoor and the Lay Subsidy of 1327 in West Somerset. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 127. P.78-82, 88.
  • <6> Article in serial: Aston, M.. 1977. Medieval Village Research Group Report. 25. P.16.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. CPE/UK/2082/3025.
  • <8> Collection: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS93SE.
  • <9> Monograph: Glasscock, R.E. (editor). 1975. The Lay Subsidy of 1334. Oxford University Press. 11. P.265.
  • <10> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560. SS93SE.
  • <11> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
  • <12> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1904. Sheet 58(5).
  • <13> Map: 1841. Kings Brompton Tithe Map and Apportionment. 6 chains = 1 inch.
  • <14> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 9732.
  • <15> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. HSL.UK.71-177. Run 97. 8779. September 19?.
  • <16> Index: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Record Card. 1979. SS93SE 6..

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 9763 3226 (132m by 99m) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS93SE
Civil Parish BROMPTON REGIS, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 SE6
  • National Park: Exmoor
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36694
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33395

Record last edited

May 29 2018 3:02PM

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