MSO8841 - Bury Castle, Brompton Regis (Monument)
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Type and Period (4)
Bury Castle Camp is marked at SS 9385 2698.  Bury Castle stands above the junctions of the River Exe with its tributary the Haddeo, at the end of a high ridge running north and south. It is oval in shape, the apex pointing southwest, and the base northeast. Its maximum length and breadth is about 120 by 80 yards. The apex, where the entrance is found, is occupied by a mount with an enclosing ditch, and the camp might be classed with mount and base court forts, but the mount is very small as compared with the area of the enclosure. Hillfort Class B.  This is a motte and bailey castle. It was re-surveyed at 1:2500.  Bury Castle, at SS 939270, is scheduled as Somerset 342, listed under 'Camps and Settlements'.  There is a possible entrance on the southeast. The outer banks are up to 8 metres high on the north of the earthwork, but generally between 1.8 and 5 metres high on the southwest. The motte is circled with its own ditch and rises some 4 to 5 metres high. The oval bailey extends over 100 metres. It is a possible reuse of an early Iron Age fortification.  The site is apparently undocumented, but it is suggested that it was probably built by William de Say before 1144, the year of his death.  Bury Castle was surveyed in June 1996 at 1:1000 scale, as part of RCHME's East Exmoor Project and at the request of the Exmoor National Park Authority. It is believed that the site is a resused late prehistoric defended enclosure. The earthworks comprise an oval enclosure, presumably of Iron Age date. Built onto the south end of the prehistoric ramparts is a small motte, possibly built in the early 12th century. The prehistoric enclosure measures 85 metres north to south, by 58 metres east to west, and is enclosed by a bank up to 4 metres high. There is no sign of an entrance and this was probably blocked in the medieval period. The motte is 23 metres diameter, placed over the ramparts, and with a ditch 6 metres wide encircling it. [9-12] The earthworks comprise an oval enclosure, presumably of Iron Age date. Built onto the south end of the prehistoric ramparts is a small motte, possibly built in the early 12th century.  Bury Castle has been mapped at 1:10,000 scale, based on the RCHME 1:1000 plan, but it is almost completely obscured by trees on the available aerial photographs. [14-15] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 9.  Work was undertaken to remove bracken from the site in 2008 and 2009.  The site was surveyed in July 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 10. 
- <1> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560.
- <2> SMO5358 Monograph: Page, W. (editor). 1911. The Victoria History of the County of Somerset. Archibald Constable and Company, Limited (London). 2. P.482-483.
- <3> SMO7319 Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 17 August 1965.
- <4> SMO4073 Index: Scheduled Monument Notification . Department of Environment. Ancient Monuments of England 2, 1978, 119.
- <5> SMO5064 Monograph: Allcroft, A.H.. 1908. Earthwork of England: Prehistoric, Roman, Saxon, Danish, Norman, and Mediaeval. Macmillan (London). P.136-137.
- <6> SMO7244 Article in serial: Fryer, A.C.. 1923. Monumental Effigies in Somerset. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 69. 9. P.21.
- <7> SSO1247 Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
- <8> SSO1050 Monograph: Dunning, R.. 1995. Somerset Castles.
- <9> SMO5111 Unpublished document: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Field Investigators Comment. R Wilson-North and H Riley, 12 June 1996.
- <10> SMO5721 Survey: Wilson-North, R. + Riley, H.. 1996. Bury Castle Ink Survey. 1:500. General: Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
- <11> SEM6834 Report: Wilson-North, R. and Riley, H.. 1996. Bury Castle, Brompton Regis, Somerset: Exmoor Project / Request Survey.
- <12> SMO5831 Collection: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Exmoor Project.
- <13> SMO1178 Photograph: Photograph Plan of Bury Castle at Brompton Regis. OS63/F374/3. B/W.
- <14> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 543/2821 (F65) 274-5 (27 April 1964).
- <15> SMO6669 Collection: RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS92NW.
- <16> SEM7521 Monograph: Binding, H. + Bonham-Carter, V.. 1986. Old Dulverton and Around: Dulverton - Bury - Brushford - Exebridge. The Exmoor Press. P.80.
- <17> SEM7523 Monograph: Dulverton and District Civic Society. 2002. The Book of Dulverton, Brushford, Bury and Exebridge. Halsgrove. P.137.
- <18> SEM7402 Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
- <19> SEM7897 Report: Exmoor National Park Authority. 2009. Monument Management Scheme: 2008-9 Report. P. 8.
- <20> SEM8278 Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 9384 2695 (113m by 125m) (Estimated from sources)|
|Civil Parish||BROMPTON REGIS, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (4)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=36540 (Pastscape entry: 36540)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO191
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11072
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 92 NW7
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36540
- Scheduled Monument (County Number): SO 342
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33369
Record last edited
Oct 28 2019 12:45PM
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