MSO8629 - Bronze Age cist burial in Langridge Wood (Monument)

Summary

The site of a Bronze Age burial cairn in Langridge Wood, removed for road material in 1820. A skeleton found in a stone lined cist was reinterred in Treborough churchyard. The cist is still in place.

Please read the .

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

A few years ago a walled grave was found by workmen digging for road material in Langridge Wood on the northern declivity of Brendon Hill near Treborough. The grave was 7 foot 6 inches long by 2 foot 6 inches wide. The sides were composed of stones. It was covered by a large stone and contained a skeleton. [1,2] Withycombe No. 4, SS 0149 3734, the remains of a small round cairn 10 paces diameter and 2 feet high, which was removed for road material in 1820. Skeleton was re-interred in Treborough churchyard. [3] The open cist with its capstone laid alongside is at ST 0147 3734. The associated cairn has been so extensively robbed that its limits are unrecognisable. Cist surveyed at 1:2500. [4,11] (SS 0141 3733) Cist (NR). [5] ST 013 373. Cist and barrow in Langridge Wood. Scheduled. [6] A large barrow 45 feet in diameter and 3 feet high, covered in small bushes, heather etc. There are loose stones visible in places. In the centre hollow is a cist 6 feet by 2.5 feet with large capstone 5 feet square still in situ. The cist is 2 feet deep and oriented east to west. [9] The mound and cist are undisturbed although masked by vegetation. [10] The cist is lined with 4 stones forming a trapezium 155 by 190 by 72 centimetres internally. The cairn is still visible although degraded. It is approximately 7 metres in diameter and 30 centimetres high, being most obvious at the north. [11] The cist lies at ST 0141 3733, as published on the current 1:2500 Ordnance Survey map [13]. The site is in Langridge Wood, an area now managed as coniferous plantation. Langridge Wood was mixed woodland in the 19th century [14]. The cist comprises a rectangular grave, lined with four slate slabs. It measures 1.9 to 2 metres long and is 0.85 metres deep. An irregularly shaped capstone partially covers the cist. It is surrounded by a low, roughly circular mound of material, 14 metres north to south,10 metres east to west and 0.6 metres high (maximum). A small oval mound immediately to the north of the cist is probably a recent spoil mound. The mound has been disturbed by forestry operations, particularly to the west and east. A photograph published in 1970 [15] shows the cist as completely open. The process of moving the capstone so that it partially covers the cist has damaged it, and the western slab has fallen into the grave. The capstone is suffering some frost damage. The cist and mound were surveyed at a scale of 1:100 as part of the RCHME Exmoor project. [16-18] Scheduling affirmed with new national number (was Somerset 465) on 24 April 2002. [19] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 3. [20] The site was surveyed in July 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 6. [21] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [22]

Sources/Archives (22)

  • <1> Monograph: Phelphs, W. 1839. History of Somersetshire. 2. P. 125.
  • <2> Monograph: Page, J.L.W.. 1890. An Exploration of Exmoor and the Hill Country of West Somerset: With Notes on its Archaeology. P. 209-10.
  • <3> Article in serial: Grinsell, L.V.. 1969. Somerset Barrows. Part I: West and South. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 113. P. 42.
  • <4> Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. 1960s. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, F1, 5 August 1965.
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1976. 1:10000 Map, 1976. 1:10000.
  • <6> Index: Department of the Environment (IAM). 1978. List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1978. P. 119.
  • <7> Monograph: Savage, J.. 1830. A History of the Hundred of Carhampton. P. 310.
  • <8> Monograph: Dobson, D.P.. 1931. The Archaeology of Somerset. P. 40.
  • <9> Report: HBMC. 1976. Field Monument Warden report.
  • <10> Report: HBMC. 1982. Field Monument Warden report.
  • <11> Unassigned: Burrow, I. 25.2.1983. CAO.
  • <12> Photograph: Pitcher, S.. 1965. OPEN CIST AT WITHYCOMBE. OS65/F179/6. B/W. MICROFILM.
  • <13> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1972. 25 Inch Map. 1:2500.
  • <14> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1854-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1888, Somerset 47(11).
  • <15> Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgwater. David and Charles Limited.
  • <16> Technical drawing: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 1999. Langridge Wood/ink Survey. Unknown. Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
  • <17> Technical drawing: Riley, H. and Wilson-North, R.. 1999. Langridge Wood/pencil Survey. Unknown. Permatrace. Pencil.
  • <18> Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 1999.
  • <19> Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2/5/2002. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
  • <20> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <21> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015. Archaedia.
  • <22> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 188385, Updated 19 May 2022.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ST 0140 3732 (23m by 22m)
Map sheet ST03NW
Civil Parish WITHYCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (1)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11709
  • National Monuments Record reference: ST 03 NW9
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 188385
  • Scheduled Monument (County Number): Somerset 465
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34271

Record last edited

May 19 2022 10:40AM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.