MSO8142 - Combe Sydenham (Building)

Summary

A late 15th or early 16th Century manor house, with 16th and 17th Century alterations. It has been much modernised. The daughter of Sir George Sydenham, who enlarged the house, married Sir Francis Drake.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

[ST 0762 3675] Combe Sydenham (NR). [1] Combe Sydenham Manor House, supposedly built 1315 [3] is an 'L'-shaped mainly Elizabethan building, with a tower set in the inner angle, and the date 1580 over the porch which also carried the marriage arms of John Sydenham c. 1430. Other features are 15th Century, as also are the farm buildings in front of the house. [2] This interesting house has had many alterations so that much of its Elizabethan character has been lost. See AO/65/64/4 [4] and GP/AO/65/66/647. [5] ST03NE STOGUMBER CP COMBE SYDENHAM 5/158 Combe Sydenham 22.5.69 GV I Manor house. Late C15-early C16, porch added 1580 to South front, West front refenestrated, at least 2 stair turrets added 1580 or circe 1630-40, another stair inserted in angle turret circa 1800, South front refenestrated and buildings to North and East demolished, C19 West wing and possibly South wing reroofed. Roughcast over rubble, moulded plinth, Ham stone ashlar porch, slate roof hipped to left. Plan: South front open hall, now ceiled, screens passage opening from porch, buttery right, stair turret at rear of fireplace to left of screen passage, West wing first floor hall, later stair inserted in second stair turret set in angle. South front: 2 storeys, 4:1:1 bays; full height gabled porch, early C19 leaded wooden casements, 4-light in outer bays, others 3-light, 4-light ovolo moulded mullioned and transomed window to porch, coat of arms in decorative frame below, inscribed and dated 1580, unfluted Ionic pilasters on tall plinths carrying billetted frieze, moulded semi-circular arched opening with busts set in roundels in spandrels, ornamented cross vault, more complex mouldings with stops to similar arched inner doorway, heraldic beasts in spandrels, studded plank door possibly C17, left return (West front) half hipped to left roughcast with quoins, single storey stepped buttresses, large external stepped stack between first and second bays right. 3:4:1 bays, all windows under square hood moulds, first floor left three 16-light ovolo moulded mullioned and transomed windows, 12 pane sash windows centre, mullioned and transomed windows left, cinquefoil headed lancet right filled with decorative design said to represent earlier formal garden layout on West front, 2 hollow chamfered mullioned and transomed windows right with cinquefoil heads, arched entrance with plank door. Gothic tracery fanlight, 2 similar windows right, inner one blocked below cusped head. Cross gabled 3 storey stair turret on rear elevation, 12 pane sash windows on South front, 2 storey stair turret to left, presumed to have had a now demolished upper storey. Interior: partially viewed. Remains of late C16-early C17 plasterwork friezes, early C19 plasterwork decoration to staircase with stick stair and cut strips, fine stone newel stair in turret to rear of hall fireplace, depressed Tudor arched head to fireplace lintel moulded jambs, similar 2 openings to buttlery right, and truncated stair turret; screens passage and opening to stair turret in angle with semi-circular moulded arched leads similar to porch. Upper storey South wing not viewed, hall roof thought to have been renewed C19; West wing gutter prior to restoration (January 1984). The daughter of Sir George Sydenham, who enlarged the house, married Sir Francis Drake. (Photograph in NMR) [6] Additional Bibliography. [7-11] The building was visited in June 2013 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 5. [14] The roofspace was photographed in March 2016. [16] The west wing "Restoration Chamber" includes a fragmentary 17th Century frieze. The Ground floor "Court Room" includes an enterprising modern barrel ceiling and frieze in thin rib Elizabethan manner by David Duncombe. [17]

Sources/Archives (17)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-1907. County Series, 2nd Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1904.
  • <2> Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Vol 54 part 1 (1908) photo 87-8 (Rev EH Bates).
  • <3> Unpublished document: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 1981. Worksheet in Devon HER. Old O.N.B. extract.
  • <4> Photograph: ILLUSTRATION OF COMBE SYDENHAM MANOR HOUSE AT STOGUMBER. OS65/F64/4. B/W.
  • <5> Unpublished document: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 1981. Worksheet in Devon HER. Rev. O.N.B. 1902, 18.
  • <6> Monograph: Collinson, J.. 1791 (2006). The History and Antiquities of Somerset. Archive CD Books Ltd. Braikenridge, 3, 547, (1845).
  • <7> Unpublished document: PALMER, JP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 4 May 1965.
  • <8> Index: 21/12/1984. Thirty-first List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. Distict of West Somerset (Somerset).
  • <9> Monograph: Eric R Delderfield. 1968. West Country historic houses and their families. Volume 1 : Cornwall, Devon and West Somerset . 34-7.
  • <10> Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Vol 15 (1869) part 1, p7.
  • <11> Monograph: Dunning, R. W. (editor). 1985. A History of the County of Somerset. Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research. 5. 181-2 illustration.
  • <12> Monograph: Pevsner, N.. 1958. The Buildings of England: South and West Somerset. Penguin Books. 130-1.
  • <13> Monograph: Collinson, J.. 1791 (2006). The History and Antiquities of Somerset. Archive CD Books Ltd. 547-8.
  • <14> Report: Lawrence, G.. 2014. Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13.
  • <15> Report: Hardy, J.. 2015. Specification & methodology for maintenance re-roof to the south range of Combe Sydenham, Monksilver, Somerset.
  • <16> Report: Hardy, J.. 2016. An Archaeological & Historical Persepctive of The Main Roof to The South Range of Combe Sydenham Hall, Monksilver, Somerset, TA4 4JG, with a Survey & Photographic Report.
  • <17> Monograph: Penoyre, J. and Penoyre, J.. 1994. Decorative plasterwork in the houses of Somerset 1500 - 1700: A regional survey. Somerset County Council. 80.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ST 0761 3674 (33m by 37m)
Map sheet ST03NE
Civil Parish STOGUMBER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (5): 375/5/158
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10539
  • National Monuments Record reference: ST 03 NE3
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 188313
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 30849

Record last edited

Apr 22 2021 10:51AM

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