MSO7891 - Culbone Stone, Culbone Hill (Monument)

Summary

An inscribed stone of possibly 7th to 9th Century date at Culbone Hill, found and reerected in 1940. It measures 0.65 metres high, and has a wheel cross incised in its southeastern face.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

SS 8315 4732. In 1939-40 a cross-decorated stone of the 7th to 9th Century was found in a wood near the Culbone and Porlock historic parish boundary. It was over 3 foot long, a slab of local Hangman Grit, with an obliquely placed incised ring cross having a projecting stem. It was reerected in 1940 at the spot where it was found with 2 foot showing above ground. [1] The stone, as described by Grinsell, is in dense woodland at SS 8321 4736. It falls in Porlock parish, but is so close to the Culbone/Porlock boundary that this would seem to have been mered to the stone. Surveyed at 1:2500. [2] SS 8320 4736. It is speculative as to whether the inscribed cross and circle was removed from the stone row 40 metres to the north (MSO7893), as it is very similar in size to the larger stones of that row. [3] ST (should be SS) 832 474. Incised stone west of Stent Hill. [4] A sandstone block, known as the Culbone Stone, found and re-erected in 1940. It is 0.65 metres high, 0.44 metres wide and 0.19 metres thick. A wheel cross is incised on its south-eastern face, 0.11 metres in diameter and cut to a depth of 0.004 metres. The lower right arm of the cross has been extended beyond the circle for 0.07 metres. This extension is wider, shallower and more crudely cut, perhaps it is a later addition. [6] An inscribed cross is also visible on one of the stones of the adjacent stone row (MSO7893). [7] The cross is on the east face of the stone, which lies on or near the parish boundary. A rubbing was taken of the cross and location fixed. [9] No sign of disturbance. [10] No change - still in good condition. [11] A standing stone bears an incised cross in a circle; a 'wheeled cross', which is a Christian symbol. The wheeled cross stone may have served as a marker of the direction of the parish boundary. [13] In private ownership. [15] The location of the stone is on or near to the Oare/Porlock parish boundary. Oare incorporates the former parish of Culbone. [16] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0. [17] The site was surveyed in June 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 0. [18] A tapering rough upright stone measuring 0.7 by 0.42 by 0.18 metres, situated amongst woodland on a permitted path. It has been inscribed with a 7th to 9th Century wheel cross on its southern face, close to the tip of the stone. It may have once come from the nearby stone row (MSO7893). The stone is also very close to the parish boundary between Oare and Porlock. The condition has not changed since the last assessment in 2015. [19]

Sources/Archives (19)

  • <1> Monograph: Grinsell, L.V.. 1970. The Archaeology of Exmoor: Bideford Bay to Bridgewater. David and Charles Limited. P.139, 146. Plate P.126.
  • <2>XY Unpublished document: Quinnell, N.V.. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 8 September 1976. [Mapped feature: #37868 ]
  • <3> Article in serial: Fowler, M.J.F.. 1988/1989. The Standing Stones of Exmoor: A Provisional Catalogue of 62 West Somerset Sites. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 132. P.1-13 (Oare 4).
  • <4> Index: Scheduled Monument Notification . Department of the Environment, England 2 (1978) 122.
  • <5> Monograph: Eardley-Wilmot, H.. 1983. Ancient Exmoor: A Study of the Archaeology and Prehistory of Exmoor. The Exmoor Press. Microstudy C2. P.33-34.
  • <6> Monograph: Quinnell, N.V. + Dunn, C.J.. 1992. Lithic Monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A New Survey for Management Purposes by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England.. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 11 January 1990.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 29 July 1997.
  • <9> Technical drawing: Historic Buildings Council. Plan and Drawing of Stone.
  • <10> Report: Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission. Field Monument Warden Report.
  • <11> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. E Dennison, Somerset County Council, 3 October 1986.
  • <12> Article in serial: Vowles, A.. 1940. Discovery of an Early Christian symbol. West Somerset Free Press.
  • <13> Article in serial: Mold, E.T.. 1983. Culbone Hill Stones. Exmoor Review. 24. P.67-69.
  • <14> Article in serial: Burrow, I., Minnitt, S. + Murless, B.. 1981. Somerset Archaeology 1980. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 125. P.96.
  • <15> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments. Somerset County Council Planning.
  • <16> Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information or Staff Comments.
  • <17> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <18> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015.
  • <19> Report: Fuller, J.. 2018. Exmoor Prehistoric Standing Stone Condition Survey: 2017-2018. MSO7891.

Map

Location

Grid reference SS 8321 4735 (point) (Estimated from sources)
Map sheet SS84NW
Civil Parish OARE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
Civil Parish PORLOCK, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (3)

Related Articles (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11476
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NW15
  • National Park: Exmoor
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35920
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33853

Record last edited

May 29 2019 12:15PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.