MSO7880 - Submerged forest and flint finds at Porlock Weir (Monument)
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Type and Period (3)
In 1861, a worked flint was found in the 'angular detritus' of the submarine forest at Porlock Weir and in 1869 Boyd-Dawkins, together with the Reverend HH Winwood, examined the forest bed and further flints were discovered including a well-formed flake and chert chippings (area: SS86954795).  A flint flake (in Taunton Museum) was found by the Reverend George Horner in a grass field above high water mark and opposite the submerged forest.  There are flint chippings from this site, classified as Mesolithic and Neolithic, in Taunton Castle Museum.  "Flint and chert implements dug out of old land surface under the submarine forest at Porlock Weir, Aug 1890, by W. Boyd Dawkins and Reverend H.H. Winwood" (Source not cited; NGR wrongly given as c. SS 835 455). Unspecified numbers of cores and blades or flakes, one microlith and scrapers are in the British Museum.  Peat deposits incorporating tree stumps, small trunks and branches, forming part of the submarine forest, were recorded.  Submarine Forest (Mesolithic and Neolithic flints found) at SS 8719 4779. The site was not visited.  The submarine forest and associated peat layers were surveyed using differential GPS as part of the RCHME Exmoor project. The aim was to accurately locate the area of peat and submarine forest remains. The site extends for an area 140 metres east to west, by 120 metres north to south, and mostly lies to the south of the breakwater, which is exposed at low tide. The largest peat exposures are centred at SS 8721 4779, where they run into shingle deposits. More fragmentary layers of peat lie to the west of the shingle, centred at SS 8714 4776.  The location of the peat exposures and buried forest was surveyed in detail in 1998 and 2001 to assess the impact of the breaching of the shingle ridge.  'Submarine forest' is written on the Ordnance Survey 6 Inch map.  A number of samples have been taken from the timbers in order to carry out radiocarbon dating and dendrochronology in the longer term.  The retreat of the shingle ridge has exposed peat deposits and submerged forest material that has not been visible in previous monitoring. The material is eroded. 
- <1> SMO4109 Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 18, Part 1 (1872), p26-27.
- <2> SMO4109 Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 61 (1915), p44.
- <3> SMO7319 Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 21 July 1965.
- <4> SMO5219 Monograph: Wymer, J.J. + Bonsall, C.J. (Editors). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales, with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic Sites in England and Wales. Council for British Archaeology. CBA Research Report No 20. P.248.
- <5> SMO4109 Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 54, Part 1 (1908), p9.
- <6> SMO5453 Serial: Country Life. Volume 1? P783.
- <7> SMO5111 Unpublished document: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Field Investigators Comment. P Pattison, and R Wilson-North, 20 November 1991.
- <8> SMO7324 Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation.
- <9> SMO7322 Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. 1998 RCHME Field Investigation.
- <10> SEM6715 Report: McDonnell, R.. 1995. Porlock Bay and Marsh: A Rapid Preliminary Assessment of the Cultural and Palaeoenvironmental Resource. p24-25, 37-8.
- <11> SMO5572 Survey: Field report on SS 84 NE 12 - 27-NOV-1991 . 500.
- <12> SMO6287 Collection: RCHME: Porlock Weir, Somerset.
- <13> SMO5635 Report: Pattison, P. + Wilson-North, R.. 1991. Porlock Weir, Somerset.
- <14> SEM6725 Report: Riley, H.. 2001. Porlock Bay, Porlock, Somerset.
- <15> SEM7220 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560. SS84NE.
- <16> SEM6722 Article in serial: Straker, V., Weinstock, J. + Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Archaeology of Porlock Beach. Park Life. 8.
- <17> SEM6724 Article in serial: 2001. Ancient Forest Yields its Secrets. Park Life. 8.
- <18> SEM7271 Report: McDonnell, R.. 2009. Porlock Bay and Marsh: Archaeological Monitoring 2007-2008 Annual Report.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 8716 4779 (145m by 152m) (Surveyed)|
|Civil Parish||PORLOCK, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (5)
- Event - Intervention: 1869: AE - Porlock Weir (Ref: EI 9688) (EMO12650)
- Event - Survey: 1991, 1998, 2001: GPS - Porlock Bay (EEM14793)
- Event - Survey: 2014: DBA - Exmoor Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey (EEM14294)
- Event - Intervention: Field observation on SS 84 NE 12 (EMO9724)
- Event - Intervention: Field observation SS 84 NE 12 (EMO13589)
Related Articles (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=35864 (Original Monarch entry: 35864)
- Coastal Risk 2014: Flood Zone 2 tidal
- Coastal Risk 2016: Flood Zone 2 tidal
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NE12
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 35864
- Shoreline Management Plan 2 (0-20)
- Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33942
Record last edited
May 10 2021 9:25PM
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