MSO7880 - Submerged forest and flint finds at Porlock Weir (Monument)

Summary

Mesolithic and Neolithic worked flints, found in the submarine forest at Porlock Weir and its associated land surface.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

Full Description

In 1861, a worked flint was found in the 'angular detritus' of the submarine forest at Porlock Weir and in 1869 Boyd-Dawkins, together with the Reverend HH Winwood, examined the forest bed and further flints were discovered including a well-formed flake and chert chippings (area: SS86954795). [1] A flint flake (in Taunton Museum) was found by the Reverend George Horner in a grass field above high water mark and opposite the submerged forest. [2] There are flint chippings from this site, classified as Mesolithic and Neolithic, in Taunton Castle Museum. [3] "Flint and chert implements dug out of old land surface under the submarine forest at Porlock Weir, Aug 1890, by W. Boyd Dawkins and Reverend H.H. Winwood" (Source not cited; NGR wrongly given as c. SS 835 455). Unspecified numbers of cores and blades or flakes, one microlith and scrapers are in the British Museum. [4] Peat deposits incorporating tree stumps, small trunks and branches, forming part of the submarine forest, were recorded. [7] Submarine Forest (Mesolithic and Neolithic flints found) at SS 8719 4779. The site was not visited. [8] The submarine forest and associated peat layers were surveyed using differential GPS as part of the RCHME Exmoor project. The aim was to accurately locate the area of peat and submarine forest remains. The site extends for an area 140 metres east to west, by 120 metres north to south, and mostly lies to the south of the breakwater, which is exposed at low tide. The largest peat exposures are centred at SS 8721 4779, where they run into shingle deposits. More fragmentary layers of peat lie to the west of the shingle, centred at SS 8714 4776. [9] The location of the peat exposures and buried forest was surveyed in detail in 1998 and 2001 to assess the impact of the breaching of the shingle ridge. [14] 'Submarine forest' is written on the Ordnance Survey 6 Inch map. [15] A number of samples have been taken from the timbers in order to carry out radiocarbon dating and dendrochronology in the longer term. [17] The retreat of the shingle ridge has exposed peat deposits and submerged forest material that has not been visible in previous monitoring. The material is eroded. [18]

Sources/Archives (18)

  • <1> Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 18, Part 1 (1872), p26-27.
  • <2> Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 61 (1915), p44.
  • <3> Unpublished document: PITCHER, GHP. Field Investigators Comments. Ordnance Survey visit, 21 July 1965.
  • <4> Monograph: Wymer, J.J. + Bonsall, C.J. (Editors). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales, with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic Sites in England and Wales. Council for British Archaeology. CBA Research Report No 20. P.248.
  • <5> Serial: Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 1851-. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. Volume 54, Part 1 (1908), p9.
  • <6> Serial: Country Life. Volume 1? P783.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Field Investigators Comment. P Pattison, and R Wilson-North, 20 November 1991.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Riley, H.. Field Investigators Comments. 1998 RCHME Field Investigation.
  • <10> Report: McDonnell, R.. 1995. Porlock Bay and Marsh: A Rapid Preliminary Assessment of the Cultural and Palaeoenvironmental Resource. p24-25, 37-8.
  • <11> Survey: Field report on SS 84 NE 12 - 27-NOV-1991 . 500.
  • <12> Collection: RCHME: Porlock Weir, Somerset.
  • <13> Report: Pattison, P. + Wilson-North, R.. 1991. Porlock Weir, Somerset.
  • <14> Report: Riley, H.. 2001. Porlock Bay, Porlock, Somerset.
  • <15> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1962. 6 Inch Map: 1962. 1:10560. SS84NE.
  • <16> Article in serial: Straker, V., Weinstock, J. + Wilson-North, R.. 2001. The Archaeology of Porlock Beach. Park Life. 8.
  • <17> Article in serial: 2001. Ancient Forest Yields its Secrets. Park Life. 8.
  • <18> Report: McDonnell, R.. 2009. Porlock Bay and Marsh: Archaeological Monitoring 2007-2008 Annual Report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8716 4779 (145m by 152m) (Surveyed)
Map sheet SS84NE
Civil Parish PORLOCK, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (2)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (4)

Related Articles (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Coastal Risk 2014: Flood Zone 2 tidal
  • Coastal Risk 2016: Flood Zone 2 tidal
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NE12
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35864
  • Shoreline Management Plan 2 (0-20)
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33942

Record last edited

Jul 11 2016 3:53PM

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