MSO7700 - Undated enclosure south of Woodadvent Lane (Monument)

Summary

A large sub-rectangular enclosure of uncertain date is visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark. It possibly dates to the later Prehistoric period or Iron Age and represents the remains of an enclosed settlement or hillslope enclosure.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

ST 04403808. Crop-mark of sub-rectangular enclosure. (Note field name 'Castle Hill' to east, MSO7701). [1] The 1947 air photographs show the enclosure clearly. It is sub-rectangular and approximately 100 metres long and 50m wide. The remains of an outer feature are just discernible on this photograph [2]. Since then the field has been regularly ploughed and an aerial photographic transcription of the site is being undertaken. [3,4] The enclosure described above can be seen clearly on aerial photographs from 1962. The cropmark is visible as three distinct areas of growth - two darker areas surrounding a lighter area. The lighter area appears to be retarded crop growth, suggesting the presence of a bank surrounded by a ditch on both sides. The lighter crop measures up to 12 metres wide, while the darker area is no more than 5 metres wide at its widest point. A break in the cropmark on the western side may represent a possible entranceway. The enclosure is most likely to be prehistoric in date, probably belonging to the Later Prehistoric period, or more specifically, the Iron Age. It could be the remains of an enclosed settlement or hillslope enclosure, and further survey is required. The area is regularly ploughed. [5,6] Cropmark of subrectangular enclosure in field called Castle Hill. [7] Shows in cropmarks and soil marks. Part of a second larger enclosure appears rather doubtfully to surround the northeastern end of it. [8,9] Cropmark location wrongly plotted by OSAD on 6 inch map. [10] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [11]

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. OS 71 527 July 19702 078-9, 9/9/71.
  • <2> Unassigned: Potterell, A. L.. 1972. Air Survey Plotting Group. Number 3, 27 July 1972.
  • <3> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. CPE/UK/1980 4322 (April 1947), AP 1947 CPE/UK 1944 23 January 1947.
  • <4> Report: Crutchley, S.. 2000. Woodadvent Lane Enclosure, Nettlecombe, Somerset. RCHME.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 58/5159 (F22) 200-01 04-JUN-1962 RAF 58/5159 (F22) 2000-01 (4 June 1962).
  • <6> Archive: Toms, K.. 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: ST 03 NW. MD002177. 1.
  • <7> Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1972. ST03NW. 11.
  • <8> Survey: Western Archaeological Trust. 1980s. Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey. 0438.
  • <9> Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1981. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography. 4906 and 4948.
  • <10> Verbal communication: Various. 1900-. Somerset County Council / South West Heritage Trust staff comments. E Dennison, Somerset County Council, 12 April 1984,.
  • <11> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 188391, Extant 30 May 2022.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ST 0440 3807 (119m by 119m)
Map sheet ST03NW
Civil Parish NETTLECOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Related Articles (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO237
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11453
  • National Monuments Record reference: ST 03 NW11
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NBR Index Number: AF1304853
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 188391
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33827

Record last edited

May 30 2022 1:13PM

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