MSO6899 - Buscombe Beeches, Lanacombe (Monument)

Summary

A large and elaborate rectangular embanked enclosure is visible on south facing slopes.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A large rectangular embanked enclosure noted on aerial photos. [1,2] A rectangular enclosure is situated at SS 7819 4254 on the south facing slopes of Lanacombe. It is described by R. A. Burton as measuring approximately 130 yards by 80 yards. The sides were noted to curve inwards, with the banks extending beyond the corners of the enclosed area. Beech trees had been planted on the corners, with the banks otherwise bare. Inside the enclosure, two trees were planted near the centre of the north boundary, and a tree placed on each side of the west entrance. "A small building was formerly attached to the northwestern corner but this has long since disappeared." [3] The enclosure measures approximately 102 metres by 66 metres, and is defined by prominent earthen banks, 3 metres wide and 1.2 metres high, which have been faced externally with edge set stones. An internal ditch, 1.4 metres wide and 0.3 metres deep, is visible on all sides. The entrance lies on the west and is 2 metres wide; each corner has well formed terminals faced with stones. The enigmatic shape of the enclosure is as described by Burton. There is no explanation for this shape, although the corner projections may provide shelter for sheep whatever the direction of the wind. This observation perhaps suggests that the enclosure was a sheepfold, but if so, its shape is unique on Exmoor. The building referred to by Burton has indeed disappeared. Surveyed at 1;2500. [4] The enclosure described above is clearly visible on aerial photographs, and has been tentatively identified as a sheepfold. However, given the size of the enclosure is several times larger than other sheep folds and stells on Exmoor this is by no means certain. The elaborate construction of the curved walls and projections on the corners seem to suggest a more artistic function. [5,6] Shown as being walled on 6 inch map. [7] This sheepfold is unusual, being rectangular with splayed banks. It is very similar to one located in the Borders of Scotland, suggesting that this sheepfold was created by the Scottish shepherds who were brought to Exmoor by Frederic Knight sometime during the 1860s. [8] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [9] The feature is depicted on the 2021 MasterMap data. [10]

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. AP.CPE.UK.1980 3158 (April 1947).
  • <2> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. 7842.
  • <3> Monograph: Burton, R.A.. 1989. The Heritage of Exmoor. Roger A. Burton. P. 120-1.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 9 August 1994.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73109 868-69 (29 April 1973).
  • <6> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.
  • <7> Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1962. 6" SS74SE.
  • <8> Monograph: Siraut, M.. Royal Forest, Exmoor: A guide to the Royal Forest of Exmoor. Exmoor National Park Authority. 34.
  • <9> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1102068, Extant 1 June 2021.
  • <10>XY Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #47248 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7819 4253 (126m by 150m)
Map sheet SS74SE
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Related Articles (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO624
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10972
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE73
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1102068
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33111

Record last edited

Jun 1 2021 12:03PM

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