MSO6899 - Buscombe Beeches, Lanacombe (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
A large rectangular embanked enclosure noted on aerial photos. [1,2] A rectangular enclosure is situated at SS 7819 4254 on the south facing slopes of Lanacombe. It is described by R. A. Burton as measuring approximately 130 yards by 80 yards. The sides were noted to curve inwards, with the banks extending beyond the corners of the enclosed area. Beech trees had been planted on the corners, with the banks otherwise bare. Inside the enclosure, two trees were planted near the centre of the north boundary, and a tree placed on each side of the west entrance. "A small building was formerly attached to the northwestern corner but this has long since disappeared."  The enclosure measures approximately 102 metres by 66 metres, and is defined by prominent earthen banks, 3 metres wide and 1.2 metres high, which have been faced externally with edge set stones. An internal ditch, 1.4 metres wide and 0.3 metres deep, is visible on all sides. The entrance lies on the west and is 2 metres wide; each corner has well formed terminals faced with stones. The enigmatic shape of the enclosure is as described by Burton. There is no explanation for this shape, although the corner projections may provide shelter for sheep whatever the direction of the wind. This observation perhaps suggests that the enclosure was a sheepfold, but if so, its shape is unique on Exmoor. The building referred to by Burton has indeed disappeared. Surveyed at 1;2500.  The enclosure described above is clearly visible on aerial photographs, and has been tentatively identified as a sheepfold. However, given the size of the enclosure is several times larger than other sheep folds and stells on Exmoor this is by no means certain. The elaborate construction of the curved walls and projections on the corners seem to suggest a more artistic function. [5,6] Shown as being walled on 6 inch map.  This sheepfold is unusual, being rectangular with splayed banks. It is very similar to one located in the Borders of Scotland, suggesting that this sheepfold was created by the Scottish shepherds who were brought to Exmoor by Frederic Knight sometime during the 1860s.  This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project.  The feature is depicted on the 2021 MasterMap data. 
- <1> SEM6707 Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. AP.CPE.UK.1980 3158 (April 1947).
- <2> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. 7842.
- <3> SEM7230 Monograph: Burton, R.A.. 1989. The Heritage of Exmoor. Roger A. Burton. P. 120-1.
- <4> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 9 August 1994.
- <5> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73109 868-69 (29 April 1973).
- <6> SMO7566 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.
- <7> SSO1607 Map: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1962. 6" SS74SE.
- <8> SEM7997 Monograph: Siraut, M.. Royal Forest, Exmoor: A guide to the Royal Forest of Exmoor. Exmoor National Park Authority. 34.
- <9> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1102068, Extant 1 June 2021.
- <10>XY SEM340794 Map: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap data. 1:2,500. [Mapped feature: #47248 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7819 4253 (126m by 150m)|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Related Articles (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1102068 (Pastscape entry: 1102068)
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO624
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10972
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE73
- National Park: Exmoor National Park
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1102068
- Somerset SMR PRN: 33111
Record last edited
Jun 1 2021 12:03PM
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