MSO6881 - Kittuck Hill Stone Setting (Monument)

Summary

A stone setting that was originally recorded as comprising about seven stones, possibly arranged in a double row and aligned on a cairn (MSO6887). Little remains of the setting, and the stones now form no coherent pattern.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

Full Description

SS 8203 4391. Stone setting on Kittuck Hill reported by M and P Way in 1932, when there were 7 stones seen as an approximate double row leading to "? small hut circle" at northeast end (MSO6887). In 1983 Eardley-Wilmot and E Mold saw 8 stones, and a circle thought to be a low flat barrow. There is a small cairn to the southeast in line with the 2 southernmost stones which appear to terminate the 2 rows. [1] 5 stones standing and 3 fallen in rough a northeast to southwest alignment. Remains of a barrow at the northeast end (MSO6887) and small cairn to south. [3] The remains of a probable stone setting lie at about 390 metres above sea level, on a gentle east facing rough grass covered slope below the crest of Kittuck Hill. The site overlooks Three Combes Foot, some 230 metres to the northeast, and has a clear view directly beyond it to Larkbarrow, 1 kilometre due south, the view encompasses several stone settings (MSO7903, MSO6882, MSO6886). Of the original setting little remains intact and the stones now form no coherent pattern. Only on stone (F), appears without doubt, to be in situ. The remainder are either loose (A, D, E, G & L), or the visible evidence of them is so slight (J & K) that confirmation as original stones is difficult. [2] in 1932 depicts an apparently original stone 55 feet (16.7 metres) southwest of F, and 24 feet (7.3 metres) northwest of D. In 1983 [3] shows the same stone fallen. There is now no trace of a stone here but it is possible, that it is the loose stone A. The setting may have been aligned on a probable cairn (M), (see MSO6887), which is referred to as a `small hut circle ?' by [2]. [3]'s alleged possible `small cairn directly in line with the two most southerly stones' is an irregular shaped turf covered mound (C) possibly no more than debris from hole B. A table of information on the stones appears in the archive. [4,5] Group of 7 stones marked by H. St. G Gray. [6] In 1991 only 5 stones seen (only one earthfast). Another earthfast stone seen to the north of the row. [8] Linear grouping of stones apparently aligned on a cairn. Site now ruinous, only two stones standing, 0.2 and 0.5 metres high. Four fallen stones and two possible packing stones. Two apparent mortar craters and small mound. [9] Scheduled on 28 March 1996. [10] Kittuck stone setting (SS 8207 4388) lies within an area of rough grassland on rising ground above Long Combe, at about 395 metres Ordnance Datum. The setting comprises 8 stones, 4 upright and 4 fallen, running roughly northeast to southwest and apparently aligned on a cairn (MSO6887); two of the uprights (J & K) are thought to represent packing stones. Two erosion hollows (M & N) may represent the former position of stones now missing from the group. [11] The feature was recorded at 1:2500 scale using differential GPS as part of an archaeological survey of the Larkbarrow area. The survey was undertaken by the Exeter office of English Heritage at the request of the Exmoor National Park Authority. A client report was produced as part of the survey work and is available from the NMRC, Swindon [12] The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 3. [13] The site was surveyed in May 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 9. [14] In 2014 a survey by Southwest Archaeology and follow up visit of this site by the Mires HER officer identified four stones: D, F, E, and G. D is recorded as upright, F as leaning, and E and G as recumbent. The smaller uprights adjoining the cairn were also recorded, and Stone A was later found by the Mires officer. A thorough search for the other stones of the setting was not undertaken. [15-16] A roughly linear setting consisting of 8 stones and 3 hollows where stones once stood. The site is orientated directly onto a cairn, on the eastern edge of Kittuck’s Hill, southwest of the sheepfold. The majority of this site consists of recumbent stones and hollows, with only 4 upright stones, 1 of which is leaning (Stone D) and 2 of which are barely visible above the ground (Stones J and K). These stones are placed at irregular intervals until Stones J, K, and L, which are less than 1m apart. No further damage is visible since the Scheduled Monument survey. Livestock rubbing is unlikely due to the small size of the stones. [17-18] The site was surveyed as part of an academic research project by Dr Sandy Gerrard in 2018. Surveys were conducted using a prismatic compass and electronic distance device with the plan being generated in the field. [19] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [20]

Sources/Archives (20)

  • <1> Monograph: Eardley-Wilmot, H. 1983. Thirty Exmoor stone-settings.
  • <2> Technical drawing: Way, M & P. 1932. Sketch Plan.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Eardley-Wilmot, H. 25.09.83. Eardley-Wilmot, H to Somerset County Council 25.09.83 - information.
  • <4> Technical drawing: Sainsbury, I.. 1989. Kittuck/ink survey . 1:100. Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
  • <5> Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 11 January 1989,.
  • <6> Map: Gray's OS 1905 6" sheet 33SE.
  • <7> Article in serial: Fowler, MJ. 1988. The Standing Stones of Exmoor. Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Natural History Society. 132. 1-13 (Exmoor 15).
  • <8> Unassigned: Setterington, R.A.. 1991. MS in SCED.
  • <9> Report: Quinnell, N.V. and Dunn, C.J.. 1992. Lithic monuments within the Exmoor National Park: A new survey for management purposes by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England.. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. SS84SW47. P. 47.
  • <10> Unpublished document: English Heritage. 24/04/1996. English Heritage to Somerset County Council.
  • <11> Unpublished document: JAMIESON, EJ. Field Investigators Comments.
  • <12> Report: Jamieson, E.. 2001. Larkbarrow Farm, Exmoor, Somerset.
  • <13> Report: Bray, L.S.. 2010. Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park.
  • <14> Report: Gent, T. and Manning, P.. 2015. Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015. Archaedia.
  • <15> Report: Morris, B.. 2014. Larkbarrow Farm, Exmoor: Results of a walkover survey. p. 21; ELB14(44, 46-49).
  • <16> Digital archive: Bray, L.S.. 2014-2015. Larkbarrow, Exmoor: Archaeological walkover survey. p. 4; ELB14(44, 46-49, 131).
  • <17>XY Report: Fuller, J.. 2018. Exmoor Prehistoric Standing Stone Condition Survey: 2017-2018. MSO6881. [Mapped features: #45802 Stone A., MSO6881; #45803 Stone B., MSO6881; #45804 Stone C., MSO6881; #45805 Stone D., MSO6881; #45806 Stone E., MSO6881; #45807 Stone F., MSO6881; #45808 Stone G., MSO6881; #45809 Stone H., MSO6881; #45810 Stone J., MSO6881; #45811 Stone K., MSO6881; #45812 Stone L., MSO6881]
  • <18> Report: Fuller, J.. 2018. Exmoor Prehistoric Standing Stone Condition Survey: 2017-2018 - Scheduled Standing Stones. MSO6881.
  • <19> Website: Gerrard, S.. 2020. The Stone Rows of Great Britain.
  • <20> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 36306, Extant 10 July 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8207 4389 (38m by 40m) (11 map features)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (5)

External Links (2)

Other Statuses/References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO10976
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ELB14(131)
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ELB14(44)
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ELB14(46)
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ELB14(47)
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ELB14(48)
  • Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ELB14(49)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW47
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 36306
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33115

Record last edited

Jul 10 2021 11:06PM

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